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From Victim to Offender

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Kate Pankey

on 29 July 2016

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Transcript of From Victim to Offender

Emsdetten, Germany - November 2006
Behavioral Observations
Trauma Causes a Downshift
"Imagine that you're standing in your old school and that
your trench coat conceals all of your tools of righteousness, and then you throw the first Molotov cocktail, the first bomb. You are sending the most hated place in the world to Hell!" - Bosse
School Shooting Rooted in Bullying
Changes in Brain Development
A 3 year old child's brain has reached 90% of it's adult size.

The growing brain of a child strengthens some synapses and prunes others that are unused.

Structural and chemical activity of the brain changes as a response to trauma.

With trauma the brain prunes synapses to the Cortex and thought processes remain in the Limbic brain.
Arousal = Vigilance
Alarm = Resistance
Fear = Defiance
Terror = Aggression
Arousal = Avoidance
Alarm = Compliance
Fear = Dissociation
Terror = Fainting
Friday, January 22, 2016
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Childhood Trauma at Home & School
Safe Storage at Home
Access to Firearms
48% of gun-owning households with children do NOT regularly ensure their weapons possess child safety locks - Peter Hart Research Associates Poll
25% of 3 to 4 year-olds have the strength to fire most handguns
- 70% of 6-year-olds - 90% of 8-year-olds - Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine
In 2006-2007,
35 children were expelled from school each week
in the US for bringing hand guns to school - US Department of Education Report on Gun-Free Schools Act
The National Youth Risk Behavior Study in 2009 showed that over
17% of high school students had reported carrying a weapon
within 30 days before the survey
The YRBS also showed that 7.7% of students reported that they had been threatened with a weapon on school property in the last 30 days- CDC 2010
From Victim to Offender
Trauma Effects Behaviors
Other Outcomes
Trauma at Home & School
Perpetuate abuse cycle
Poor grades
Drop out of school
Runaway from home
Bully others
Child Abuse Victim Acts Out Revenge Fantasy
Adverse Childhood Experiences
Peer abuse
5 Types: Physical, Verbal, Emotional, Cyber, & Sexual
Target loses senses of control and trust in the world
Target perceives the environment as threatening
Ambiguous events are often distorted by youth as hostile
Before your 18th birthday...

1. Did a parent or other adult in the household often swear at you, insult you, put you down or humiliate you or act in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt?

5. Did you often feel that you didn't have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes, had no one to protect you or your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you?

8. Did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic, or who used street drugs?
"Children Who are Traumatized by Bullying"
Lynne Namka, Ed. D., 2001
The ACE Study was a collaborative effort between the CDC and Kaiser Permanente to study the effects of childhood maltreatment on health and well-being later in life. Questions posed to children include:
Sebastian Bosse, 18 year old graduate, returns to high school to seek revenge for years of bullying. Armed with bombs & rifles, Bosse shoots randomly. Wounds 37 and takes his own life.
"Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development"
Childwelfare Information Gateway, April 2015
Hillsborough, N.C. - August 2006
Alvaro Castillo, 19-year-old who idolizes Columbine shooters, kills father with firearm for alleged child abuse and then wounds two students in school-shooting.

Castillo wore a trench coat, used similar weaponry, and named his shotgun Arlene, the same as Eric Harris, Columbine killer.
"Deadly Dreams: What Motivates School Shootings"
Frank J. Robertz, August 1, 2007
Revenge Fantasy
Brutal scenes
A way to gain respect
Neglect relationships
Copycat/Idolize former shooters
Distorted sense of what is just
Interested in weapons
"Childhood Trauma, the Neurobiology of Adaptation.."
Infant Mental Health Journal 1995
"Deadly Dreams: What Motivates School Shootings?"
Frank J. Robertz, August 2007
"All I wanted was respect. It's time to teach history a lesson. Columbine!
Remember Columbine! Eric Harris, Dylan Klebold!" - Castillo
" I am gorging on my entire rage, and one of these days I'm going to let it out and get revenge on all the assholes who made my life miserable...For those of you who haven't gotten it yet: yes, I'm going to go on a rampage!" - Bosse
"Deadly Dreams: What Motivates School Shootings?"
Frank J. Robertz, August 2007
Just the Facts
Crime & Gun Violence in Youth
"Child maltreatment
roughly doubles
the probability that an individual engages in many types of crime."
Males, children in low socio-economic status backgrounds, and sexually abused children are found to have an increased propensity for crime. - "Does Child Abuse Cause Crime", Picker
In 2013,
2,465 US children & youth were killed
by youth gun violence - 8 youth killed each day
In 2012,
young people between 10 & 29 years of age were
arrested for weapons offenses
making up 65% of all arrests for weapon offenses that year. - "Young Guns: How Gun Violence is Devastating the Millennial Generation", Parsons & Johnson
Peer Abuse Leads to Gun Violence
Revenge Fantasy Evidence of Trauma to the Brain
Kate Pankey
Prevention Education Manager
Synergy Services, Inc.
Full transcript