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How did life change for African Americans in the 1920's?
Transcript of How did life change for African Americans in the 1920's?
The NAACP helped the lives of African Americans because they advocated for more social and political rights. NAACP The large scale movement of African Americans from the south to northern cities in the early twentieth century. This occurred mainly during WWI because the job openings gave African Americans the incentive to move north. Also, the infestation of the boll weevil in Southern cotton farms was a push factor in the great migration. Many African Americans migrated north to escape racial discrimination they faced in the south, centered around the Jim Crow segregation laws.
The Great Migration improved African Americans' lives because they now had more opportunities and social freedom The Great Migration Important People A key founder of the NAACP, he supported the talented tenth and the immediate immersion of African Americans into white culture and society. He disliked segregation and the assumption that the poverty of African Americans was self-inflicted. W.E.B. Du Bois Ida B. Wells Was an African American Journalist, newspaper editor, and her husband Ferdinand L. Barnett was an important civil rights leader. She documented a number of lynchings in the U.S and was a big part of the anti-lynching movement within the NAACP. James Weldon Johnson Was a poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary. Remembered mainly for his leadership in the NAACP, and one of the main movers of the Harlem Renaissance. No good result can come from any investigation which refuses to consider the facts. A conclusion that is based upon a presumption instead of the best evidence is unworthy of a moment"s consideration. The lynching record, as it is compiled from day to day by unbiased, reliable, and responsible public journals, should be the basis of every investigation which seeks to discover the cause and suggest the remedy for lynching. The excuses of lynchers and the specious pleas of their apologists should be considered in the light of the record, which they invariably misrepresent or ignore.
Primary Source quote from Ida B. Wells Marcus Garvey Was an immigrant from Jamaica who wanted African Americans to create their own separate society. He promoted Pan-Africanism and Black Nationalism. In 1914, he found the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) to gain followers in his belief. During the 1920's he had over 1 million followers and gave many speeches and held promotional meetings and parades. The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture. Writers:
-Claude McKay was a poet whose verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice
-Langston Hughes was another famous poet of the time, his poems describe the daily life problems faced by many African Americans.
-Paul Robeson was a Broadway performer. He was the son of a slave and his performance in Othello was widely acclaimed.
-Louis Armstrong was a trumpeter from New Orleans and was a very well know figure to this day with his famous song "What a Wonderful World".
-Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington was a fantastic composer of over 1,000 different song in all sorts of different genres of music.
-Bessie Smith was an American blues singer and was the best female blues singer in the 1920's and the 1930's.
Works Cited "THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK." Web.grinnell.edu. Grinnell College, 2005. Web. <http://web.grinnell.edu/cts/dubois/fore.htm>.
Nelson, Cary. "James Weldon Johnson." James Weldon Johnson. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/g_l/johnson/johnson.htm>.
"Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Lynching and the Excuse for It (1901)." Welcome to EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica's Guide to Black History. Encyclopaedia Brittanica, Inc, 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://kids.britannica.com/blackhistory/article-9399831>.
Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Print
Armstrong, Louie, and Billy Holiday. My Sweet Hunk O' Trash. Louis Armstrong. F.E. Miller, 1949. AllMusic. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.allmusic.com/song/my-sweet-hunk-o-trash-mt0013062638>.
"Marcus Garvey Biography." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/marcus-garvey-9307319>.
"Bessie Smith." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Oct. 2012. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessie_Smith>.
"Duke Ellington." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Oct. 2012. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_Ellington>.
"Louis Armstrong." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Oct. 2012. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Armstrong>.
Hughes, Langston. "Ballad of Booker T." Poem. 1 June 1941. MS. N.p. http://www.allmusic.com/song/my-sweet-hunk-o-trash-mt0013062638 Louis Armstrong Langston Hughes Thesis: During the 1920s African Americans' lives became significantly better because their lives were changed socially and politically, giving them more opportunities. The Harlem Renaissance changed African Americans' lives socially by making their culture more prominent and generally accepted. The movement brought sympathy from many whites that were previously indifferent to the plight of African Americans.