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The Jewish Holocaust
Transcript of The Jewish Holocaust
anti-Semitism existed To What Extent Did the International Community and Ordinary Germans Choose to Ignore What Was Happening? Anti-Semitism is the hatred of, or discrimination against Jewish people just because they are Jewish. Historical reasons for anti-Semitism The term "anti-Semitism" was coined in the late 19th Century in Germany as a more scientific term for "Judenhass" (Jew hatred) Anti-Semitism existed in many other countries around the world, including: After World War II, the international community was horrified to discover the true scale of what had happened to the Jews. So In 1947, the United Nations, decided that the Jewish people should be given their own homeland. A person who holds views like these is known as an "anti-Semite" Anti-Semitism may be expressed in many ways which range from discrimination against individual Jews to violent attacks against entire communities. Anti-Semitism may also include prejudice or stereotyped views against Jewish people. The term did not come into common usage until the 19th Century, but it is now also applied to historic anti-Jewish incidents. •Algeria
•Belarus Timeline of Jewish Persecution Under Adolf Hitler 30th January 1933 - Adolf Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany.
22nd March 1933 - First concentration camp opened at Dachau in Germany.
1st April 1933 - Jewish shops boycotted.
24th November 1933 - "Undesirables" (Homeless, alcoholics, unemployed people) sent to concentration camps. 1933 17th May 1934 - Jewish people prohibited from having health insurance. 1934 15th September 1935 - Nuremberg laws introduced. Jews no longer allowed to be German citizens, Jews cannot marry non-Jews and Jews cannot have sexual relations with non-Jews. 1935 13th March 1938 - Austrian Jews persecuted.
8th July 1938 - Munich synagogue destroyed.
5th October 1938 - Jewish passports had to be stamped with the letter "J".
9th November 1938 - Kristallnacht
12th November 1938 - Jews fined 1 billion Marks.
15th November 1938 - Jewish children expelled from non-Jewish German schools. 1938 12th October 1939 - Austrian and Czech Jews sent to Poland.
23rd November 1939 - Jews in Poland forced to sew a yellow star onto their clothes. 1939 Early 1940 - European Jews persecuted.
20th May 1940 - Auschwitz concentration camp opened.
15th November 1940 - Warsaw Ghetto sealed off with around 400,000 Jews inside. 1940 July 1941 - Einsatzgruppen began rounding up and murdering Russian Jews. 33,000 Jews killed in 2 days.
31st July 1941 - Reinhard Heydrich chosen to implement "Final Solution"
8th December 1941 - First Death Camp opened. 1941 January 1942 - Mass-gassing of Jews began at Auschwitz.
Summer 1942 - European Jews gassed. 1942 29th January 1943 - Gypsies sent to concentration camps.
19th April - 16th May 1943 - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
Late 1943 - Death Camps closed and evidence destroyed. 1943 30th October 1944 - Last gassing at Auschwitz 1944 27th January 1945 - Remaining camps closed and evidence destroyed. Surviving Jews were forced to go on Death Marches.
30th April 1945 - Hitler comitted suicide.
7th May 1945 - German surrender.
20th November 1945 - Surviving Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg. 1945 The Jewish boycott in 1933 soon lead to persecution and eventually escalated to the mass murder of Jews in 1941.
During the Holocaust approximately 6 million Jews were murdered. The 20th Century has been recognized as the century of nationalism and genocide.
Recent ethnic cleansings have been occuring, for example, since 2003 in Darfur in the War between rebel groups and Sudanese military forces.
In the former Yugoslavia a variety of groups have fallen victim to organized campaigns of ethnic cleansing.
Both historically and in the present day, there are countless examples of genocide and ethnic cleansing around the world. Modern Day Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide Because the persecution and execution of Jews was happening far away from ordinary Germans, very few people realised what was happening to the Jews. The Nazis made it sound like the Jews would just be living far away from the Germans. While the Allies were at war with Nazi Germany, they did little, if anything to either stop the on-going slaughter of millions of Jews or to save refugees. The International Committee of the Red Cross did relatively little to save Jews during the Holocaust and discounted reports of the organized Nazi genocide. The Holocaust in Media There have been numerous media examples of the events of the Holocaust including movies like "Schindler's List" and "The Boy in the Stripped Pyjamas" which is both a book written by John Boyne and a movie.
Other books include "The Diary of Anne Frank" a real diary in which a Jewish girl named Anne Frank wrote in about her life during the Holocaust and "Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust" by David Irving. All of these media examples provide perspectives and interpretations of the Jewish Holocaust. Thanks For Watching