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The Battle of Vicksburg

Civil War Battle Project

Faith Earley

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of The Battle of Vicksburg

The Battle of Vicksburg By: Megan Davison & Faith Earley What impact did the battle
have on the rest of the war? 2. The Union's plan was to divide the South, take control of a major transportation route, and strip away every thing the C.S.A. - Confederate States of America - relied on. Their victory in this battle help them accomplish that. 1. It released the Mississippi River, denying the Confederates any use of it. The Mississippi was used mainly for transportation of troops and supplies. Control of the river is what the south and the north needed to win the Civil War. It isolated all Confederates to the West of the river until the end of the war. http://www.history.com/videos/the-union-siege-of-vicksburg#the-union-siege-of-vicksburg Perspectives Unionists Confederates The city was vital to the South because it blocked the North's navigation down the Mississippi River. If the Union captured Vicksburg - which they did - the Union would be able to split the Confederacy by controlling the Mississippi River. What impact did the battle have on
surrounding towns, transportation centers,
and businesses? Why did the battle take place in Vicksburg, Mississippi? Citizens began to hide in mountains and caves to escape the dangers of the near battle.
Ulysses S. Grant lead a 47-day seige on the city of Vicksburg to drive them to surrender.
During those weeks, the "captives" began to starve. So, they ate rats and horses to survive.
After a while, sickness and disease spread.
Businesses and transportation centers supplied troops with supplies, etc. The Battle and Siege of Vicksburg took place in the well defended high bluffs on a loop in the Mississippi River, the fortress city of Vicksburg dominated the trade of a vast area between New Orleans and Memphis. Unanswered Questions What role did the surrounding geographical features play? The Mississippi River The Mississippi was basically the reason for the Battle of Vicksburg. This river runs through the south separating Texas from the other confederate states. The North hoped to control it and primarily split the Confederacy. New Technology Lieutenant General
John C. Pemberton Details Swamps Swamps covered the rear of Vicksburg rendering it unconquerable. Major General Ulysses S. Grant New Tactics Because of Grant's large victory at Vicksburg he was promoted to the Union commander in March of 1864. *Rifles - able to be loaded faster, had a greater range, and more accurate than the previous musket artillery.
*Telegraph - allowed officers and generals to send messages over long distances Grant used "total warfare" which is the systematic destruction of entire land. The Anaconda plan was created by Winfield Scott part of it was to surround Vicksburg with Union ships on the Mississippi River leaving the Confederates no options. It led to further progression in the civil war. Grant's battle plans were straight forward and non-negotiable. Confederates 805 killed
1,938 wounded
29,620 missing & captured
32,492 total Unionists 806 killed
3,940 wounded
164 missing & captured
4,910 total And the winner is . . . Impact on the Union Impact on the Confederacy They controlled nearly the entire Mississippi River.
They set up a naval blockade for the South. The Confederacy was now split.
They had no access to Mississippi River.
They were prevented from entering the Indian Territory. After the defeat at
Vicksburg Pemberton
was humiliated and
that loss followed him
for the rest of his career. Check for Understanding May 18 - July 4,
(Vicksburg, Mississippi) A. Mississippi
B. California
C. Disneyland
D. Your Mom 3. Where did the Battle and
Siege of Vicksburg occur? A. created bigger explosions
B. were better looking
C. had a touchscreen
D. had a greater range 2. Rifles were more accurate, easier to load, and . . . A. The Mississippi River
B. Swamps
C. Pacific Ocean
D. Ironclads 1. What made it difficult for
troops to conquer Vicksburg? D. C. A.

B. *Bonus*
4. Which is the flag of the Union? Quick Summary: The Vicksburg Campaign 1. Present Lincoln's
Gettysburg Address. 2. Compute the total cost of the Civil War for both sides. 3. When Johnny Comes Marching Home! 4. Our Maps Our 42 Chart Choices It is one of the more remarkable
campaigns of the American Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant and his union soldiers have been trying to seize the strategic Confederate River of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Many attempts have been done to take this town above the Mississippi River. In April 1863, Grant will undertake a new campaign against the Confederate defenders under John Pemberton and Vicksburg. After a surprise landing at Bruinsburg, Mississippi, Grant's forces would move inland, pushing the threat by Joseph E. Johnston near Jackson. once things were cleared Grant moved back to Vicksburg, from the East, victories at Champion Hill and Big Black Bridge left Pembertons forces weakened in Vicksburg.The fall of Vicksburg and the surrender of Pemberton's forces on July 4,1863, is one of the greatest Union victories of the Civil War. North - 4,515 billion South - 5,846 billion + 10,361 billion dollars When Johnny comes marching home again,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
We'll give him a hearty welcome then,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
Oh, the men will cheer the boys will shout
The ladies they will all turn out,
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.

Get ready for the Jubilee,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
We'll give the hero three times three,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
Well, the laurel wreath is ready now
To place upon his loyal brow,
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.
And we'll all feel gay
When Johnny comes marching home.

In eighteen hundred and sixty-one
Hurrah! Hurrah!
That was when the war begun,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
In eighteen hundred and sixty-two,
Both sides were falling to,
And we'll all drink stone wine,
When Johnny comes marching home.
And we'll all drink stone wine,
When Johnny comes marching home.

In eighteen hundred and sixty-three,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
Old Abe, he ended slavery
Hurrah! Hurrah!
In eighteen hundred and sixty-three
Old Abe, he ended slavery
And we'll all drink stone wine,
When Johnny comes marching home.
And we'll all drink stone wine,
When Johnny comes marching home.

In eighteen hundred and sixty-four,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
Abe called for five hundred thousand more,
Hurrah! Hurrah!
In eighteen hundred and sixty-five,
They talked rebellion--strife;
And we'll all drink stone wine
When Johnny comes marching home.
And we'll all drink stone wine
When Johnny comes marching home. Its Role In Future Warfare Machine Guns - The early versions of this weapon were used in the Civil War.

Tactics - These tactics build the basis for future armies to build off of. A. July 4
B. November 30
C. September 4
D. December 25 5. On what day did the Battle and Siege of Vicksburg end?
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