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FIRST AID Introduction

FIRST AID AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION BLOCK I
by

Margarita Almeida

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of FIRST AID Introduction

ACCIDENT PREVENTION AND FIRST AID
PREVENTIVE BEHAVIOR
Preventive behavior is often sufficient to break the accident chain.
Write the accident chain for the following situation:
CLASS WORK no.1
THE ACCIDENT
The accident is the result or consequence of one or more risk factors.
THE AFTERMATH
The aftermath may take the form of personal injury, destruction of property, or both.
The risk factor
The risk factor may be, either an isolated unsafe act, or an unsafe habit.
e.g. leaving your books on the stairway as you go up to your room after school.
The situation
The situation is the circumstance or event leading up to an accident.
These are the steps:
The situation

The risk factor

The accident

The aftermath
All accidents include four steps:
Accidents involving fire, falls, and electrick shock cause more disabling injuries than any other kind.
THE ACCIDENT CHAIN
Although accidents seem to be random, there is an ACCIDENT CHAIN observed. An ACCIDENT CHAIN IS recurring pattern that is present in all mishaps.
FIRST AID
INTRODUCTION
In order for an accident to occur, four steps must be present:
What do you think these steps are?
Fire preventive devices
Fire safety action
Preventing falls
Preventing electric shock
etc.
FIRST AID
First aid i
s the immediate care
given to a person who has been
injured or has been suddenly
taken ill.
It includes:

self-help and home care if
medical assistance is not available.
Preventing and caring for accidental injury or sudden illness.
REASONS FOR
FIRST AID
Distinguishing between what to do and what not to do.
Urgent care and immediate attention

1. Effect a prompt rescue

2. ensure that the victim has an open airway and give mouth to mouth ot mouth to nose artificial respiration, if necessary.

3. Control severe bleeding

4. Give first aid for poisoning, or ingestion harmful chemicals.
FIRST AID PRIORITIES
ACCIDENTS
An accident is an undesirable incidental and unplanned event that could have been prevented

ACCIDENTS RESULT FROM...
CARELESSNESS -- NEGLIGENCE--LAZINESS--IGNORANCE
UNSAFE ACTS

CREATE

UNSAFE CONDITIONS
Full transcript