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Transcript of Xlandia Presentation
Written vs. Unwritten Constitution
The members of legislature (or parliament) should be chosen by popular vote. The people of Xlandia should be able to vote for the people who will pick their chief executive. These members will also represent the voters.
Xlandia is a country that has undergone a dramatic change and needs a task force of many nations to help form a new government. The new form of government we suggest for Xlandia, is a form of democracy to help revive the country. The citizens of Xlandia are growing tired of the oppressive dictator and want a new alternative. It is up to us, the members of the U.N., to help revive Xlandia.
Xlandia’s constitution should be written because it will be a legal document that can be referred back to for legal reasons. Having a written constitution is precise, definite and systematic. If we were to have an unwritten constitution, it would carry risks along with it’s government. Unwritten constitutions are able to be changed at anytime, unlike a written constitution, it is written in stone.
Federalist vs. Unitary System
Being the “renewed” country it is, Xlandia should establish a unitary system because Xlandia may be unable to jump from a dictatorship to self-governing states like a federalist system has. Unlike the unitary system, the federalist system divides governance among several self-governing regions, such as states which may have certain powers and abilities not controlled by the central. With a unitary system, the country can be controlled as a whole.
Parliamentary System vs. Presidential System
After a long and cruel dictatorship, Xlandia should not be run by one person like in a presidential system, but by a group of people. In this parliamentary system, there will a be chief executive chief who is appointed by parliament. It will provide a more disciplined group of people and a more limited government.
How to protect rights
Under BB’s rule, human rights were abused. Individual rights and minority groups will be protected in the constitution. These individual rights include free speech, right to education, religious tolerance, and equality for all.
Relationship of military
The military of Xlandia should be ruled by military officers, with experience and knowledge of military tactics and decisions. If Xlandia had civilian leadership, there might be another rebellion for those who do not agree with democracy.
Political Party System
Reason: Voting for Xlandia should be voluntary because the people should have the right to vote whenever they want to. The majority of Xlandia is well educated should know the importance of voting. Elections will be held every three years so there is enough time to change. Some people may worry about the rich having the chance to gain power again, but now they have the choice of who they are voting for.
The chief executive of Xlandia will be appointed by parliament (like mentioned before). They can also remove the chief executive through a vote of no confidence. This person is usually someone from parliament and is favored by the people and parliament.
Parliament should choose the members of the Supreme Court because they will be able to decide amongst each other who will be best fit to rule these laws. The Supreme Court is the ultimate jurisdiction over all court cases involving Xlandia laws. The court meets in Xlandia Supreme Court Building in Xlandia City and consists of a chief justice and six associate justices who are nominated by the chief executive and confirmed by parliament.
The Supreme Court should be independent and have the power of judicial review because they should have the right to make critical decisions that affect the country. The Supreme Court has the greatest power because there is no higher court. While the Supreme Court respect decisions made by prior cases that have been heard in lower courts of Xlandia, the Supreme Court can change the ruling within the boundary of the constitution.
Xlandia should have multiple political parties so people can express themselves freely. Having a one-party system would create the lack of representation. In a one-party system, no one is there to counter-argue the decisions being made, and therefore no reason to validate the choices of the ruling party.
Elections and Voting
The chief executive will be the head of the executive branch and the leader of the legislature. The primary role of the executive branch is to enforce laws and carry out government policy. In this parliamentary system, executive role and legislative will share the power.
Independence and Judicial Review
Legislative power should be bicameral because it allows more order. The two houses will have equal power. The two houses can also check upon each other and enhances views of the people.
Bicameral vs. Unicameral
Xlandia would best fit as a unitary parliament system with an independent Judicial branch. The rights and lives of the people will be protected by the written constitution and the military and everyone can have their say in this democracy.
These are just some simple recommendations we suggest for Xlandia. May they succeed and conquer their challenges.
Task Force #1