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Rosencrantz & Guildenstern: Operant Conditioning
Transcript of Rosencrantz & Guildenstern: Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning What is Operant Conditioning? Operant Conditioning
-The organism goes about its business in its world (operating).
-The organism encounters a reinforcer (reinforcing stimulus).
-The organism increases it’s operating because of the stimulus.
-In effect, an action is followed by a consequence. Whether the consequence is good or bad increases or decreases how likely the organism is to repeat the behaviour. Example: A child is quietly playing in his room. He is given a piece of candy to reward him for behaving well. This results in him playing quietly more often. A rat is walking about in a cage, minding its own business.
It accidentally presses a bar which has been wired to release a food pellet. The rat now learns that when he presses the bar, he is fed. How Does This Apply To Hamlet? Rosencrantz and Guildenstern exploit others because they gain rewards for this behaviour
ROSENCRANTZ: Take you me for a sponge, my lord?
HAMLET: Ay, sir, that soaks up the king's countenance, his rewards, his authorities... when he needs what you have gleaned, it is but squeezing you, and, sponge, you shall be dry again.
(Hamlet; V, ii) Guildenstern: We both obey,
And here give up ourselves, in the full bent
To lay our service freely at your feet,
To be commanded.
(Hamlet; II, ii) Queen: If it will please you
To show us so much gentry and good will
As to expend your time with us awhile,
For the supply and profit of our hope,
Your visitation shall recieve such thanks
As fits a King's remembrance.
(Hamlet; II, ii) Thank you!