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History of Bagpipes and Music Education

This is the history of the best instrument ever known to this world... the bagpipes.

Marlina Zimmerman

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of History of Bagpipes and Music Education

By Marlina Zimmerman The History of the Bagpipes (and Music Education) The Rise of the Bagpipes The original bagpipes were made of whole skins of sheep or goats. Bagpipes arguable made their debut around 5000 B.C. in Sumeria and China. Greeks and Romans wrote about bagpipes around 100 A.D. Bagpipes were known all around Europe by the ninth century. The British Isles and Their Pipes After the hype over bagpipes settled down in Britain, Scotland and Ireland began to adapt bagpipes into part of their culture in the 1700's. Although there are many different types of bagpipes, Scotland was known several specific types of bagpipes: the Highland Small Pipe, the Pastoral Pipe, the Lowland Pipe, the Scottish Border pipe, and the Scottish Great Highland bagpipe. Parts of the Bagpipe Blowstick- Puts air into the bag Drones- Creates the humming sound that come from the pipes. Chanter reed and pipe chanter- air is pushed through the reed creating sound while the player plays notes on the pipe chanter, similar to a clarinet. Random Tidbits about the Bagpipes Geoffrey Chaucer made an illustration of pilgrims with bagpipes in "Canterbury Tales" in 1475. Shakespeare wrote about pipers in his play "Merchant from Venice" between 1596-1598. Bagpipe music doesn't have a key signature since there are only nine notes. The bagpipes were banned from Scotland in 1560 and 1746, Bagpipes were used in Scotland to scare away enemies during battles. Bagpipes and Music To this day, the Bagpipes still have a foothold in Scotland, where they play two kinds of music. Pibroch- the slow and more classical music. Ceòl Beag- the dance and jig songs By tradition, bagpipes were taught to the pupils using a method called canntaireachd, where the teacher would sing certain vowels and consonants to indicate the notes played. Bag-piping Today Because of the high amount of culture involved in bag-piping, there are many competitions for this instrument, many of which are based out of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Groups such as the Scottish Piping Society of London hold smaller competitions that lead up to events such as the World Pipe Band Championships, which are held in August. The current world champions of bag-piping are Field Marshal Montgomery from Lisburn, Northern Ireland. History of the World and Music Education 427-347 B.C.- Plato believed that a perfect nation should include an education system teaching music and gymnastics. A.D. 354-430St. Augustine believed that music was mainly emotionally appealing and wrote the book "De Musica" which brought together the ideas from Greek music with Christian theory. Boethius believed that music was a mathematical subject (475-525 A.D.) . (475-525 A.D)Boethius believed that the movement of planets created pitches (?- 766 A.D) Bishop Chrodegang founded the Cathedral School of Metz and used his practices in Charlemagne's palace. 753 B.C.-Rome is founded by two brothers, Romulus and Remus, on Palantine Hill. 221 B.C- Qin Dynasty starts building the Great Wall of China. More World and Music Education History (451 A.D)Attila the Hun comes to power and defeats the Roman and Visigoth armies. (?-942) Odo of Cluny created the first system of using letters for pitches. (1096) University of Oxford in England holds it's first classes. (12th century) The Renaissance period begins, creating many advantages in science, arts, and education. World and Music Education History (cont.) (1350) Incans create the first structured music education system in America. (13th century) Music conservatories are started in Italy for orphaned and underprivileged children. Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492. 1607- First successful American colony settled in Jamestown. 1612- Pilgrims brought "Ainsworth Psalter" to America containing 39 songs to sing in church environments 1651- Four note gamut was written (different way to sing solfege. "fa sol la fa sol la mi fa" Massachusetts law of 1642- Passed to require parents to get their kids educated so they could understand church and legal rules. World and Music Education History 1833- Lowell Mason establishes the Boston Academy of Music. 1857- First established school band appears in Boston at the Farm and Trade's school on Thompson Island. 1865- Abraham Lincoln is assassinated. 1776- Thomas Paine publishes "Common Sense" Early 1900s- Colleges begin offering music courses, the first being Oberlin Conservatory in Ohio offering a Bachelor's degree in Music Education. Also, music scholarships started being offered for promising future music majors. 1925- Scope's trial comes to the conclusion that teaching evolution does not violate church or state but prohibits the teaching on intellectual disagreements. 1910- Francis Elliot Clark began teaching using victrolas. World Pipe Band Championship 2012
A History of American Music Education 2nd edition. Michael L. Mark and Charles L. Gary. Copyright 1992 by Schirmer Books. Copyright 1999 by MENC. Reston, VA. Citations Visit Scotland
http://www.visitscotland.com/about/arts-culture/uniquely-scottish/bagpipes A History of Music Education in the United States by James A. Keene
Copyright 1982
University Press of New England
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