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Transcript of Healthy Sexuality
despite efforts in last several decades, there has been little change in attitudes about rape.
Training involves knowing what to do in situations:
First line strategies:
Be aware of surroundings
Know your limits/boundaries
Many communities provide self-defense classes specifically for women
Having Sex & Achieving Orgasm :)
*Lowers blood pressure
*Boots immunity; an increase in immunoglobulin A or IgA
*Higher self esteem
*Increases pain tolerance; more endorphins are created
All because of the hormone oxytocin!
What is Healthy Sexuality?
What Biological Norms Represent Healthy Sexuality?
Spiritual Norms That Represent Healthy Sexuality
"For many people, spirituality is also reflected in sexuality and the physical expression of love. Sexuality embodies the physical and emotional intimacy shared between people."
- Spirituality, Health, and Healing by Caroline Young & Cyndie Koopsen
Psychological Norms That Represent Healthy Sexuality
•Sexuality is the experience and/or expression of a person as a sexual being. Sexuality can be different from person to person and can vary over time in an individual.
•Respectful thoughts of both self and others, trust ourselves, understand ourselves, love and respect ourselves and we do the same with those around us.
•Gender Identity: being true to who you identify with and exploring the possibilities of it and accepting yourself in the way that makes you the most comfortable.
•Shame is a result of repression. It oppresses the ability to have healthy sexuality in ourselves and with others. Overcoming and finding and accepting ourselves is important to having healthy sexuality.
•Opposites of healthy psychological sexuality. Anxiety, depressions, stress, abuse, poor body image, abuse:
How Communities Can Reduce Sexual Coercion
Sexual Coercion is sexual activity that involves coercion and non consent
Child sexual abuse
Sexual harassment at work and in education
Healthy Sexuality in Relationships and Self
How Communities Can Reduce Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
"Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected, and fulfilled." Society For the Advancement of Sexual Health
* Begins with our own sexual schema and
positive self concept
* Dealing with betrayal
* Intimacy as vulnerability and authenticity
*Shame/guilt vs positive feelings
Change in attitudes
can help reduce risk of being a victim or victimizing someone else
May help reduce instances of rape and sexual harassment but it must be:
- Socratic and Democratic -
creating critical thinking, inquiry and discussion
Avoid ideologies, whether abstinence-only or permissive (Elia, J. P., 2000)
Government Funded Programs
CDC's Community Approaches to Reduce STDs or CARS:
Reduce STD disparities
Promote Sexual Health
Advance Community Wellness
Planned Parenthood Federation of America:
Sexual Education resources and programs for communities
Adams, K. M., & Robinson, D. W. (2001). Shame Reduction, Affect Regulation, and Sexual
Boundary Development: Essential Building Blocks of Sexual Addiction Treatment. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 8(1), 23-44. doi:10.1080/107201601750259455
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Prevention.
Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/prevention/default.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Sexually Transmitted Infections
Among Young Americans. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/2013/SAM-Infographic-2013.html?s_cid=nchhstp-nr-sam-008
C., O., & P., N. (n.d). T09-O-38 Female sexual dysfunction: the role of schemas and affect.
Sexologies, 17(Supplement 1), S128-S129. doi:10.1016/S1158-1360(08)72871-8
Cyranowski, J., & Andersen, B. (1998). Schemas, sexuality, and romantic attachment. Journal Of
Personality And Social Psychology, 74(5), 1364-1379.
Department of Defense: Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office. (2013, January 18).
Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault: Fiscal Year 2012. Vol. 1.
Retrieved from http://www.sapr.mil/public/docs/reports/FY12_DoD_SAPRO _Annual_Report_on_Sexual_Assault-VOLUME_ONE.pdf
Elia, J. P. (2000). The necessity of comprehensive sexuality education in the schools.
Educational Forum, 64(4), 340-347.
Galinsky, A., & Sonenstein, F. (2011). The association between developmental assets and
sexual enjoyment among emerging adults. The Journal Of Adolescent Health: Official Publication Of The Society For Adolescent Medicine, 48(6), 610-615. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.09.008
Hyde, J. S., & DeLamater, J. D. (2011). Understanding Human Sexuality. (11th ed.). New York,
NY.: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Leitzmann, Michael F.; Platz, Elizabeth A.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Willett, Walter C.; Giovannucci,
Edward. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 4/7/2004, Vol. 291 Issue 13,
Lukacz, E., Whitcomb, E., Lawrence, J., Nager, C., Contreras, R., & Luber, K. (2007). Are sexual
activity and satisfaction affected by pelvic floor disorders? Analysis of a community-based
survey. American Journal Of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 197(1), 88.e1-6.
Murray, K. M., Ciarrocchi, J. W., & Murray-Swank, N. A. (2007). SPIRITUALITY, RELIGIOSITY,
SHAME AND GUILT AS PREDICTORS OF SEXUAL ATTITUDES AND EXPERIENCES. Journal Of Psychology & Theology, 35(3), 222-234.
Rape Recovery Center. (2010). Community Education Team. Retrieved from https:/
Rape, Abuse, Incest, National Network. (2009). Who Are the Victims? Retreivied from http:
WebMD. (2008). 10 Surprising Health Benefits of Sex. Retrieved from: http://
Young, C., & Koopsen, C. (2005). Spirituality, Health, and Healing. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Inc.
Get The Facts:
Know how STDs spread
Know how to prevent the spread of STDs
Know how STDs are treated
Vaccination (HPV & Hepatitis)
Reduce Number of partners
Condoms (anal, oral, vaginal)
*Planned Parenthood, County Health Dept., Community Health Centers
*Primary Care Physician
*Getting tested works to help both the individual and the community
According to the CDC:
Ages 15-24 make up 27% of the sexually active population
But account for 50% of the 20 million new STIs each year
For Prevention, the CDC recommends that Individuals:
Get the facts
Understanding Healthy vs. Unhealthy Sexuality
*Positive feelings about sex vs. shame and guilt
*Positive feelings about self vs. shame
*Non-addictive vs. addictions
*Emotionally safe vs. emotionally traumatic
*Physically safe vs. physically destructive
*Healthy body image vs. body distortion/dislike
*Note- no prevention is 100% effective
Human Sexuality is Complicated
Sociological Norms of Healthy Sexuality
•Healthy communication in relationships promote healthy sexuality
•Talking about sex with your partner and helping them understand your needs
•Accepting others and understanding others and their orientation
•Relationship, religion, culture and upbringing shape the sociological norms of Sexuality
•Shame is a result of repression. It halts the ability to have healthy sexuality in us and with others. Overcoming and finding and accepting ourselves is important to having healthy sexuality
What are some sociological norms about sexuality that you can think of?
*National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - April
*Students Active for Ending Rape (SAFER)
*National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation
*Workplaces Respond to Domestic and Sexual Violence: A National Resource Center
....AND SO MUCH MORE!!!
Change in Attitudes:
Are you aware of the attitudes that exist for:
*Child sexual abuse
*Rape (men & women)
(as cited in Hyde & DeLamater, 2011).
(Rape Recovery Center, CDC)
(Hyde & DeLamater, 2011).
(Hyde & DeLamater, 2011).
According to Ahrens et al. (2008):
*Biological norms differ for both men and women.
*Women do go through a bit more than men because of the built in baby making feature.
For men, a study conducted by the Journal of American Medical Association, showed that an increase in ejaculation could reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
For women, exercising your pelvic muscles by doing Kegles can increase pleasure during sex, and can also reduce Pelvic Floor Disorders (PFD), BUT a study conducted by the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology concluded PFD to be independent of decrease in sexual activity or satisfaction.
Spirituality does not have to be affiliated with religion.
*Relating to others
*Moving forward in life
*Being open minded; questioning beliefs, trying to understand other beliefs
What is Spirituality?
In 2012, 53% of sexual assault cases in the miltary involve male victims.
93% of juvenile sexual assault victims know their attacker
In the U.S., 1 out of 6 women has been the victim of attempted or completed rape.