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Causes of the Civil War

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john cicherski

on 31 March 2015

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Transcript of Causes of the Civil War

Steps to War:
Causes of the Civil War

--36 deg. 30'N dividing line, any state admitted above it was free, any state below could decide if they wanted slavery
--Put off Civil War, but did not solve issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise--1820
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's Cabin--1852
--Dred Scott (a slave) sues for his freedom
--Supreme Court ruled that African Americans weren't citizens. Didn't have a right to sue
--Illegal to prohibit slavery in new states (cannot deprive people of their property w/o due process)
--Abolitionists FURIOUS
Dred Scott v. Sanford--1857
Election of 1860
Civil War: North vs. South
Compromise of 1850
--New state: California
--Compromise said CA is a free state, but every new state admitted after that gets to CHOOSE whether they are slave or free
--Overthrows Missouri Compromise (remember 36'30?)
--Also had a provision called the fugitive slave act...return runaway slaves
--Abolitionists were furious
Showed that Popular Sovereignty wasn't the answer
--Wrote it in response to fugitive slave law
--Shows brutal picture of slavery in the south
--Encouraged abolitionist movement
Kansas-Nebraska Act--1854
--New states: Kansas and Nebraska
--Get to decide whether they are
free or slave states
--Violence "bleeding Kansas"
--2 governments: pro and anti slavery
--Kansas enters union: FREE
--Abraham Lincoln vs. 3 democratic candidates
--The election of Lincoln was the last straw for southerners
--December 1860: South Carolina secedes
The causes of the Civil War
The issue of slavery

The imbalance of power in Congress that resulted from the issue of slavery

However it includes the issue of state rights and tariffs.

Causes of the Civil War

Missouri Compromise – According to the deal thought of by Henry Clay, if the southern states agreed to the admission of Maine as a free state, Missouri would be admitted as a slave state. In addition, all lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase north of 36° 30′ N latitude would be free.

Nat Turner Rebellion – This bloody rebellion led by a Virginia slave resulted in new laws forbidding the education of slaves, and further restricting their rights.

Wilmot Proviso – The passage of the Wilmot Proviso, which prevented the introduction of slavery into lands acquired after the Mexican-American War, further polarized northern and southern politicians on the issue of slavery.

The Slavery Issue – The practice of slavery threatened to destroy the United States. Northern voices called slavery barbaric, while Southern voices claimed slavery an economic necessity.

Harriet Tubman, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Fredrick Douglas and the Underground Railroad – For many years prior to the Civil War, Northerners helped Southern slaves escape captivity via a secret network of trails, tunnels, and caravans known as the Underground Railroad.

Compromise of 1850/Fugitive Slave Law – The Compromise of 1850, authored by Henry Clay, was a compromise in the true sense of the word. California became a free state, other territories would vote on the issue, and the Fugitive Slave Law was strengthened.

Kansas Nebraska Act – As the nation pushed close to war over the issues of states rights and slavery, the Kansas Nebraska Act resulted in mass violence in what came to be known as “Bleeding Kansas.”

Dred Scott Decision – In a landmark ruling, the United States Supreme Court ruled in essence that slaves had no rights as United States citizens, even if they had previously lived in free states.

John Brown Rebellion – John Brown was a radical abolitionist who tried to start a slave rebellion by seizing a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Learn what happened by clicking on the link above

Election of Abraham Lincoln – The “straw that broke the camel’s back” was undoubtedly the election of the Northern, Republican president, Abraham Lincoln. Southern states were virtually assured he would eventually abolish slavery.

Secession – In response the election of Abraham Lincoln as the 16th president, 11 Southern states seceded from the Union to form their own nation called The Confederate States of America. Lincoln would assume the unenviable task of trying to restore the Union.

Texas Secedes, or breaks apart, from the Union in Feb of 1861 and joins the Confederate States of America.

Sam Houston was opposed to secession so he was removed from being the Governor of the state of Texas


Missouri Compromise of 1820
Compromise of 1850 / Fugitive Slave Act
Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852)
The Kansas-Nebraska Act passes (1854) / (Bleeding Kansas)
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)
Attack on Harpers Ferry (1859)
Election of 1860
Formation of the Confederacy (1861)

Causes of the Civil War – Timeline
Make a booklet describing the following events. Explain each one and use a picture that best describes it.

Ukraine Civil War

Lead Figures Involved
Viktor Yanukovych, Yulia Tymoshenko, Mykola Azarov
President Yulia Tymoshenko thrown in jail, Fear of being absorbed into Russia.
Small, non-violent protests first came in November of 2013, when Viktor Yanukovych, Ukraine’s president, chose to not sign a free trade agreement with the European Union. Instead, he chose closer ties with Russia. Yanukovych was widely disliked in western Ukraine, and received most of his support from the Russian-speaking east Ukraine.
The constitution was reformed back to its 2004-2010 form, Yulia Tymoshenko, Official language changed to Ukrainian, Yanukovych flees Ukraine to Russia after being overthrown, Beginning of Crimea Crisis and Russia invading Ukraine.
The protests were from November 2013 - February 23rd
Riots and Violent protests only lasted February 18 - 23rd

College Mascots related to the Civil War
During the discussion with the Legislature, Sam Houston showed his wounds from the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and said "I didn't have this wound to not be part of the United States."
"In the name of the constitution of Texas, which has been trampled upon, I refuse to take this oath. I love Texas too well to bring civil strife and bloodshed upon her."
Which Texas Governor can this statement be credited to?
March 23, 2015
Working either in groups of 4 or as an individual, research a country with a Civil War
Make a Civil War folder in google docs, share and work together with your groups
Map of Country and a Map of where it is located in the world
Years of the conflict
Reasons for the conflict
Type of Government
People involved
Effects / Results
Find 2 articles about the your research country concerning the Civil War. Which one is biased and is there anything that conflicts in the article
https://goo.gl/ - url shortener

March 25, 2015
What was  a cause of the Civil War?
Was it the only item?

Answer the Questions below regarding these events
Think of Who was involved, What was it about, Where was it at, When (Date)
What and who were secessionists?
March 25, 2015
4 Pages - 3 staples on the left side
Decorate the front and title 'Causes of the Civil War'

No longer the mascot
March 26, 2015
What reason did John Brown give for his raid on Harper's Ferry?
Henry Clay
Henry Clay
Stephen Douglas
March 27, 2015
What was the result of the Dred Scott Case?
On a blank page of the booklet, write down what you know about the Civil War. When finish place in the box and continue with the movie
Full transcript