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Temperate Deciduous Forest in Eastern Asia
Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest in Eastern Asia
~ Game animals live in the forest and has good resources for human survival. Hunting is popular in these regions. Some of the animals are becoming extinct, like the Giant Pandas.
~ Logging, clearing and pollution in temperate deciduous forest strongly affect wildlife. If this continues there will be no homes left for the organisms living here. Animals Asian Black Bears Japanese Macaque Giant Panda ~Likes to sit in hot springs.
~Colour: Brown, Grey.
~Skin Type: Fur.
~Size (H): 80cm - 95cm (31.5in - 37.5in)
~Weight: 5kg - 14kg (11lbs - 31lbs)
~They are omnivores.
~Groom each other for bugs to eat.
~Other things in their diet: fruit, young leaves, seeds, and berries.
~The Japanese Macaque is often loved and protected by the Japanese people, but as settlement and clearing the land for logging & agriculture continues, that means loss of land for the Macaques.
~They are Diurnal (active during the day).
~Biggest Threat: Loss of Habitat. ~Colour: Black, White, Brown.
~Skin Type: Fur.
~Size (H): 1.5m - 1.8m (4.9ft - 6ft)
~Weight: 110kg - 250kg (242lbs - 551lbs)
~Giant panda bears have special front paws. Both paws have five fingers plus a thumb! The thumb is actually a wrist bone that has grown outward to help the panda grasp bamboo stalks.
~Eats Bamboo and takes the moisture out of it.
~Their living area is in high mountains remote from humans.
~Young pandas are much like kids, they like to have fun. They are very energetic and clumsy.
~Like it's paws, another structural adaption is it's molars. They are able to chew through tough bamboo.
Biggest threat: Being hunted down. ~ Known as the Moon Bear or the White Chested Bear.
~ They are seen across much of the Himalayas and the northern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Korea, northeastern China, the Russian far east and the Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan.
~ They are Omnivores.
~ They will walk in a procession of largest to smallest.
~ They are good climbers of rocks and trees, and will climb to feed, rest, sun, elude enemies and hibernate
~ Asian black bears do not hibernate over most of their range. They may hibernate in their colder, northern ranges, though some bears will simply move to lower elevations
~ Their dens can either be dug out hollow trees (sixty feet above ground), caves or holes in the ground, hollow logs, or steep, mountainous and sunny slopes
~ Their role is to eat the berries so the berries won't over populate.
~ Biggest threat: Being hunted. Will eat:
~beetle larva ~nuts
2 inches (5cm) --> Over 4.8 inches (12 cm)
•Stag beetles will use their size, hard armored shell and massive mandibles to defend themselves, if needed. When it feels threatened, a male stag beetle will lift its head and open its mandibles
•Eats dead wood (It's a Decomposer)
•Stag beetle numbers have declined due to clearing and the removal of dead trees in populated areas
•According to British folklore, Stag Beetles summoned thunder and lightning storms, which scared the wits out of medieval peasants who also believed that they flew around with hot coals in their jaws setting fire to buildings.
•In Germany, the Stag Beetle was associated with Thor, God of Thunder and there was a myth that if you placed a stag beetle on your head, it would protect you from being struck by lightning... do not try this at home... or anywhere else... Human Resources Japanese Alder
Cassia (Chinese Cinnamon)
Tree of Heaven
Sakura Trees Cherry Blossoms - all feeding relationships that exist in a biome makes it's food web - made up of producers, consumers, and decomposers -This shows how energy is transferred within a biome Food Pyramid Green plants - they make organic materials which are made from inorganic chemicals and and outside sources such as sunlight (photosynthesis) Primary Producers Primary Consumers Secondary Consumers First Trophic Level Tertiary Consumers Second Trophic Level Third Trophic Level Ex. Grass, Seeds, Nuts, Algae, Trees (leaves, Fruits), Mushrooms, Flowers, mosses, shrubs etc... Plant-eating animals
Ex. Shrimp, Squirrel, Stag Beetle, Deer, Birds, Fish, etc... Secondary Consumers eat the plant eaters
Ex. Frogs, Bears, Owl, Raccoon, Larger Fish, etc... Tertiary consumers are the predators
Ex. Lynx, Wolf, Tiger, Lion, etc.
Humans are in this category, they are also omnivores (they eat both plants and animals) Bibliography:
- Encyclopedia of Biomes - Deciduous Forests
- BC Science 10 Textbook
- Images from google images
-http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/forests.php#temperate Food Web ~Eats: bugs, berries, fruit, seeds, young leaves and flowers Stag Beetle Intro:
- Deciduous meaning: when the leaves change colour and fall during certain seasons.
- Temperate Deciduous Forests get to experience all four seasons.
- If you count the mountain side, the trees are up approximately 9,000 feet above sea level.
- It receives a new blanket of leaves every Autumn, so the soil there tends to be more rich and deep, with lots of nutrients from the decomposition.
- In the winter, the decomposers still continue to break down all the dead vegetation.
-Rain usually falls during summer and autumn. Temperate Deciduous Forest In Eastern Asia All four Seasons
Spring - warm and breezy
Summer - hot and humid
Autumn - cold and breezy
Winter - cold and frosty - The temperatures average is 31 degrees Celsius (56 degrees Fahrenheit). Japanese Ash Tree of Heaven Walnut Cassia Katsura Japanese Maple Japanese Birch Japanese Willow Japanese Macaque Asian Black Bear -There is a 6 month growing season
from May to October. Water resources are found in rivers, streams, springs, lakes, and ponds in the area. - It covers parts of Korea, China, Japan, and a bit of Russia.
- Temperate deciduous forests are around the equator and around/over the Tropic of Cancer & is east of the Prime Meridian. Cherrry Blossom Tree The trees shed their leaves in the autumn/winter to reduce water consumption. This is to adapt to winter temperatures and weather.
Losing the leaves are better than keeping them because if the leaves were damaged they would need to use energy to repair them again.
In other words, losing them is less trouble than fixing them over and over again. Why do they lose their leaves? Climate One of the forests in Japan is Aokigahara Forest Aboriginal Population:
~Ainu People: Live in Japan and Russia.
~Mainly Lived in Hokkaido Island of Japan.
~Before, the Ainu lived through out Japan, but the Japanese moved in and expanded. The Ainu were pushed to Hokkaido island.
~Men: Hunted (Deer, Fox, Otter, Bear) and Gathered during WInter. Then fished during Summer. They were skilled woodcarvers
~Women: Root, Berries, Mushrooms, And Nuts. Also Farming, Wove Fabrics, Did Embroidery.
~Since most intermarried, there are not as many pure Ainu than before. Now there are about 25, 000
làm xong! -Fertile soil enriched with decaying litter. Bamboo Evergreen trees Organisms that fulfill the Decomposer role here: ~ They use decomposition to break down decaying organic matter for nutrients.
~ Some Decomposers from this biome include: bacteria, earthworms, the stag beetle, and fungi.
~Nutrients are released into the soil because of them. Crested Ibis ~Endangered Species
~Lives in South Korea and Japan
~Usually inhabited in Wetlands so it can catch it's food of; Fish, Crab, and Insects
~Size: 50cm - 65cm (19.7in - 25in)~Wing Span: 80cm - 120cm (32in - 47in)
~Colour: Black, White, Grey, Brown
~Long neck and beak catching food easily
~Female can lay up to 3 eggs and they hatch in about a few weeks Crested Ibis ~ This is a strong and durable grass.
~ They are a pioneer species of China, Thailand, and Vietnam.
~They are low-laying plants; meaning plants that do not grow on mountain sides/cliffs.
~It's both a natural air and soil purifier. People planted it to prevent water run-off.
~Most rodents like to eat flowering bamboo (their seeds), so flowering once every 120 years is a great defensive adaptation. This way, the bamboo seeds have a better chance on spreading.
~In a way, they are part of a climax community. Plants Plants are mostly known as Primary Producers, who are food to the Primary Consumers and the occasional Secondary Consumer and Tertiary Consumer. They photosynthesize using carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight to produce carbohydrates and oxygen. Plants are an important part of the food chain, pyramid, and web. ~This is a type of tree that has it's leaves for all seasons; in succession.
~They do lose their leaves, but not like most deciduous trees. They loose leaves a few at a time, not almost all at once.
~Unlike other deciduous trees, these trees conserve energy and nutrients by growing their leaves all-year round.
~Their leaves also have a smaller surface area than board leaves, and they need less water. Ginkgo Fourth Trophic Level