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Women's Suffrage Movement
Transcript of Women's Suffrage Movement
The Suffragette Movement
The 19th Amendment
19th Amendment: Acceptance of “new woman"
Can stay longer in school
Can focus on education
Has the right to choose
Women’s lives before the 19th amendment
Women involved in politics
Voted for candidates that would benefit them
Represented on local and national state
Begun journey to political equality
Increasing entrance rate at higher education & workforce
Wage gap narrows
Ability to inherit and divorce
Main goals: to get married, start a family and respect their husbands
Considered second-class citizens
Looked down at socially,
How they were treated:
Lack of job opportunities and low salary.
Not allowed to give evidence or speak in a court
Discouraged to get education or pursue professional career
After marriage, → couldn't
own their own property,
keep their own wages,
or sign a contract
1777-1784 --> lost their rights to vote in New York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire.
Gaining the vote -->→ women’s suffrage
Largest democratic rights
movement in our nation’s
history along with the Civil
Suffrage movement → political movement
Had its own press
Had its own political imagery
Had its own philosophers,
Organizers, lobbyists, financiers, and fundraisers
Section 1: citizens of the United States will not be denied the right to vote on account of sex
Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
What it Said
in the US
By: Giana Bodnariuc,
Bismah Siddiqui, Kirstin Burns & Aiman Baig
"A Voice in Their Own Government" . Suffrage and WWI. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.brynmawr.edu/library/exhibits/suffrage/wwi.html>.
"Anti-Women's Suffrage." JPG file. <http://www.gcsny.org/schools/cjh/Websites/Haskel/Men%20Against%20Suffrage.jpg>.
"Arguments against Women's Suffrage." Women's Suffrage. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.johndclare.net/Women1_ArgumentsAgainst.htm>.
"Before the Women's Suffrage Movement - Women's Suffrage Movement vs. Women's Rights Movement in the 1800s."Women's Suffrage Movement vs. Women's Rights Movement in the 1800s. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://thedevelopmentofwomensrights.weebly.com/before-the-womens-suffrage-movement.html>.
"Declaration of sentiments." JPG file. <http://www.librarylea.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/rollofhonor.jpg>.
"Elizabeth Smith Miller > Honorees." In the Kitchen Tea . Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://inthekitchentea.com/Honorees/tabid/78/Default.aspx>.
"Federal Suffrage Amendment Is Ratified Today—headline." JPG file. <http://mitchellarchives.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/suffrage-amendment-hf.jpg>.
"History Of 19Th Amendment." Essortment. Demand Media 2011, Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.essortment.com/history-19th-amendment-21116.html>.
Imbornoni, Ann-Marie . "Women's Rights Movement in the U.S.." Infoplease. Infoplease, Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline1.html#ixzz2uluGWeoW>.
"Jane Addams becomes vice president of National Women's Trade Union League." World History Project. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://worldhistoryproject.org/1903/jane-addams-becomes-vice-president-of-national-womens-trade-union-league>.
"Let Women Vote ." JPG file. < http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-a4ZQsGToiik/T3uag3jyg1I/AAAAAAAAABA/1e2z4PsyvTc/s758/suffr age1 .jpg >.
"Madam walker." JPG file. <http://www.shoportunity.net/walkerassoc01.jpg> .
"Millicent Fawcett" PNG file. <http://womensrights00.weebly.com/uploads/1/1/6/3/11630083/1333918707.png>.
"Nineteenth Amendment." History Net: Where History Comes Alive. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.historynet.com/nineteenth-amendment>.
"National_Association_Against_Woman_Suffrage." wikimedia. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/National_Association_Against_Woman_Suffrage.jpg>
"On This Day." findingdulcinea. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. <http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--19th-Amendment-Gives-Women-Right-to-Vote.html>.
Rfdarsie. "Vintage Photos." Suffragettes. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://historyinphotos.blogspot.ca/2013/05/suffragettes.html>.
"Rights for Women." Rights for Women. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <https://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/rightsforwomen/introduction.html>.
"Roaring Twenties and the Flappers ." JPG file. < http://historyofsexuality.umwblogs.org/files/2011/11/flappers2.jpeg>.
"Rock The Vote–Here's Why ." Let's Go on a Living Spree. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <http://livingspreethegoodlife.com/2012/11/06/rock-the-vote-heres-why/>.
"Seneca falls | National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution." Seneca falls | National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://www.npg.si.edu/col/seneca/senfall>.
"Studio Portrait of Christabel Pankhurst." JPG file. <http://www.allposters.de/-sp/Studio-Portrait-of-Christabel-Pankhurst-Poster_i4073675_.htm>.
"Suffragist." vintageperiods. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.vintageperiods.com/_files/Image/6%20Suffragist%20Picketing(4).jpg>.
"Today In Irish History." Today In Irish History. Web. 28 Feb. 2014 <http://todayinirishhistory.com/2013/03/27/7274/>.
"The Women's Suffrage Movement." Women's suffrage movement. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://www.tchevalier.com/fallingangels/bckgrnd/suffrage/>.
"What is the 19th Amendment?." About.com Women's Issues. About.com, Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://womensissues.about.com/od/19thamendment/f/19thAmendment.htm>.
"Woman suffrage."JPG file. <http://images.huffingtonpost.com/2013-06-11-0310_HH_H3.jpg>.
"Women in the Progressive Era." Reforming Their World. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/worldwarI.html>.
"Women in the 1920s in North Carolina." Women in the 1920s. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://ncpedia.org/history/20th-Century/1920s-women>.
"Womens Rights." Womens Rights. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <http://lwvdayton.org/documents/suffragecurric>.
"Women - The Roaring '20s: A Time for Change." The Roaring '20s: A Time for Change. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. < http://theroaring20satimeforchange.weebly.com/women.html>.
""Women's War." JPG file. <http://cdn.visualnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Women-in-World-War-1-6.jpeg>.
"Women working in the 1920's." JPG file. < http://www.officemuseum.com/IMagesWWW/DPL_Three_Women_at_desk_c._1920-30-35_00186828.JPG>
"19th Amendment - The Roaring 20's." 19th Amendment - The Roaring 20's. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <https://sites.google.com/site/6eklundhawkins/19th-amendment>.
"19th Amendment ." JPG file. < http://uspsstampsblogs.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/usps98sta083.jpg>.
Thank you for listening!
Arguments For and Against Women's Suffrage
For Women's Suffrage
Against Women's Suffrage
Women have opinions that are separate.
Role is mainly in local affairs.
Husbands already represent them.
Changing a system is too dangerous.
Not capable of defending their own country.
National Woman Suffrage Association
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Achieve voting rights for women
Congressional amendment to the Constitution.
National Association of Colored Women
Josephine Ruffin, Mary Terrell, and Anna Cooper
Fighting for the rights of coloured women
More than 100 black women's clubs joined
National Women's Trade Union League
Advocated for improved wages and working conditions for women
World War 1
Woman entered the workforce in new ways
Worked in factories and in the government
Served in the navy and marines served as nurses
Suffrage Movement gains support from public and government
Seneca Falls, New York.
The first women's rights convention
68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments
12 resolutions calling for equal treatment and voting rights for women
National Women's Rights Convention
More than 1,000 participants
National conventions are held yearly through 1860
Passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate
Sent to the states for ratification.
Finally Passed !
Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor is formed
The 19th Amendment is signed into a law by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby
half the people in the country could not vote!
uneducated and unprincipled men could vote
highly educated and responsible women could not
"No taxation without representation"
Believed that women consisted of emotion, not logic
Considered less intelligent than men
Believed women weren’t capable of having full citizenship
Believed equality of both sexes results in competitive relations
Politics cause women to be corrupt; honor would disappear.
Involvement in politics would result in inability to focus on family: human race dying out
Too emotional to make political decisions
First Suffrage Law
Wyoming passes the first women's suffrage law
Following year, women begin serving on juries in the territory
American Woman Suffrage Association
Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell
Focuses exclusively on gaining voting rights
Through amendments to individual state constitutions.
The New Woman
Gave women new confidence
New Lifestyle: jobs, sports, parties