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Vietnam War Timeline

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Brandon Liu

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Vietnam War Timeline

Vietnam Declares Independence - September 2, 1945 Directly after Japan’s surrender in WWII, Vietnam declares independence from France. The communist Ho Chi Minh delivered the formal declaration. Eisenhower’s Re-election - November 7, 1956 This was the day Dwight Eisenhower was declared winner of the election held on the sixth. JFK elected President - January 20, 1961 John F. Kennedy’s inauguration was on January 20, 1961. Gulf of Tonkin Agreement - August 7, 1964 A formal agreement that gave Lyndon B. Johnson authority to allow America to get involved in the North Vietnam versus South Vietnam war. Two days prior, U.S. ships had been attacked by North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin. President Johnson is re-elected - January 20, 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson defeated Barry Johnson and returns for a second term. This date was his inauguration. First United States ground troops go to Vietnam - March 8, 1965 3,500 United States troops ordered by Lyndon B. Johnson arrive near Da Nang in South Vietnam. 100,000 demonstrate against the war in New York City - April 15, 1967 Anti-war protesters listened to speeches by Martin Luther King Jr., Floyd Mckissick, Stokely Carmichael, and Dr. Benjamin Spock. Massive demonstrations at the Pentagon - October 21, 1967 30,000 anti-war protesters demonstrated at the Pentagon, some attempting to “exorcise” and “levitate” the Pentagon. Viet Cong launch Tet Offensive - January 30, 1968 The Tet Offensive was a military campaign of surprise attacks against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies. Nixon is elected President - January 20, 1969 Nixon becomes the 36th president of the United States of America. Nixon orders invasion of Cambodia - April 30, 1970 Nixon orders the secret invasion of Cambodia, breaking the Geneva Convention Vietnamization - November 3, 1969 A Nixon introduced strategy to end the American involvement in the Vietnam War, working to gradually withdraw all American combat soldiers, and also train and equip South Vietnam to command its own defense. Richard Nixon announced this plan in a televised speech November 3, 1969. Four students are killed during anti-war protests at Kent University - May 4, 1970 Huge amounts of anger are sparked resulting from the deaths of 4 student’s deaths. They were shot to death by the National Guard while protesting the war. Paris (Peace) Accord - January 27, 1973 This document was signed on January 27, 1973, and intended to create a ceasefire in Vietnam, have the United States withdraw all troops, have North Vietnam release all P.O.W., and effectively end the war. United States involvement in war ends - March 29, 1973 Directly after Japan’s surrender in WWII, Vietnam declares independence from France. The communist Ho Chi Minh delivered the formal declaration. War Powers Act - November 7, 1973 This act increased congress’s control over the executive branch in foreign policy. More specifically, those short of formal war. On this day the Senate overrided the veto by Nixon and it became law. South Vietnam surrendered to Communists - April 30, 1975 Directly after Japan’s surrender in WWII, Vietnam declares independence from France. THe Communist Ho Chi Minh delivered the formal declaration. Geneva Accords - July 21, 1954 The document was produced by the Geneva Peace Conference of 1954, held in Switzerland. The formal writing states that all sides of the conflict (Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam) must withdraw all military forces within 300 days. The document also divided Vietnam into its respective halves. National Liberation Front Organized in South Vietnam - December 20, 1960 The Vietcong, a political organization, formed to overthrow the South-Vietnamese government and re-unify the whole of Vietnam. December 20, 1960 is the date on which the Vietcong were formed. Johnson Becomes President After Kennedy is Assassinated - November 22, 1963 Two hours and eight minutes after JFK was assassinated in Dealey Plaza, LBJ is sworn into presidency aboard Air Force One. He ends up serving as president from 1963-1969. Senate Hearings on War - 1964-1971 Also known as the Fulbright Hearings, this refers to any Ameican Senate Foreign Relations Commitee hearings on Vietnam. Chairman Fulbright himself said: "The purpose of these hearings is to develop the best advice and greater public understanding of the policy alternatives available and positive congressional action to end American participation in the war." http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vietnam-independence-proclaimed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Vietnam Sources Vietnam War Timeline
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