Transcript of Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman grew up in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was born in 1820 and had a hard childhood as a slave. Harriet also received very little schooling and was punished often. Harriet was one of 11 children of Benjamin and Harriet Ross. She was originally named Araminta, but Tubman later adopted the first name of her mother. Later in life she met and married John; a slave who also worked on her plantation. Although in 1848, she escaped and left him behind. John threatened to tell their master about her whereabouts, but in the end kept quiet about it. Harriet was often hired to work for other plantations near her owners. Uncommon for other slaves, she got the chance to return home and see her family in between jobs. Although she was not able to get away from the hardships and brutal beatings that normal slaves received, Harriet was left with many various scars from treacherous work and relentless beatings. As a free women Harriet began to create a plan to help other slaves escape to freedom just like she did. It was called the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was created 20 years before the Civil War occurred and was a way to free slaves to the northern states or Canada. It was referred to as the Underground Railroad because that described its actions well. The slaves were called 'passengers', the people that helped them were called the 'conductor', and places that they could safely stop were called the 'stations'. The lines ran from Kentucky and Maryland and were connected to stations in New England and Canada. Tubman single-handedly freed thousands of slaves in a period of 10 years (1850-1860). http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=hthvETfIK28#t=42s Harriet was given the courage she needed to start freeing slaves to the north by successfully being able to escape herself. She thought that if she could do it once she could do it again, but actually benefit others. In 1850, the Congress enacted a fugitive slave law; the law stated that any run away slave was to be returned to its owner and anyone caught helping run away slaves would be greatly fined. Even though conductors were put at great risk, Tubman was able to convince them to defy authority to help her free the slaves and run the Underground Railroad. In 1857, Harriet was finally able to free her entire family. She settle in Auburn, New York; where she lived up until she died on March 10, 1913. "I was free, but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom. I was a stranger in a strange land." The short term effects of the Underground Railroad was that thousands of slaves were freed and reunited with their families. The long term effects of the Underground Railroad was that it was the second most active civil rights movement and it helped to pave the way for equal rights and the outlaw of slavery. -Attributed to Harriet Tubman Works CitedFull transcript
Gale Student Resources In Context Web, "Harriet Tubman.", Discovering Multicultural America: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 15 Nov. 2012.
HarrietTubmanBiography.com , Harriet Tubman Family and Friends - Auburn New York [Online Image]/(n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2009
U*X*L Biographies, "Harriet Tubman.", Detroit: U*X*L, 2003. 20 Nov. 2012.