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Transcript of Percy Shelley
- Anti-establishment Idealism Emotion: •“The object which he longed for was some abstract intellectualized spirit of beauty and loveliness, which should thrill his spirit continually with delicious shocks of emotion. ” (Shairp 163). •“Many critics objected to his seemingly vague imagery, nebulous philosophy, careless technique, and, most of all, his apparent intellectual and emotional immaturity” (Shairp 161). Anti-
Establishment •“His work was frequently censured because of his atheism and unorthodox philosophy, as well as widespread rumors about his personal life” (Shairp 161). •“He was inspired with an enthusiasm of humanity after a kind; hated to see pain in others, and would willingly relieve it... he regarded all rule authority as oppression” (Shairp162). •“He denounced established society and religion in favor of free love and atheism" (Shairp160). •“Shelley’s writing he set forth his views on liberty, equality, and justice” (Shairp160). Nature •“Nobility of nature he may have had, but it was such nobility as allowed him, in order to hurl defiance at authority” (Shairp 162). "The reader encounters Shelley’s poem like an explorer coming upon a strange, desolate landscape" (Mikics par.6). Supernatural •“His hungry craving was for intellectual beauty , and the delight it yields ;if not that, then for horror” (Shairp163). “Songs of sentimental nonsense, and very absurd tales of horror.” (Poetry Foundation par.6). "For Shelley, life itself, the “painted veil” which obscures and disguises the immortal spirit, is a more universal conqueror" ("Cambridge History ..." par.1). "Much of the symbolism is obscure, but... justifies love, which arms heroic spirits against the sway of life, was, in some way, to win the final triumph" (Cambridge History par. 2). When the lamp is shattered
The light in the dust lies dead
When the cloud is scattered,
The rainbow's glory is shed.
When the lute is broken,
Sweet tones are remembered not;
When the lips have spoken,
Loved accents are soon forgot
As music and splendor
Survive not the lamp and the lute,
The heart's echoes render
No song when the spirit is mute-
No songs but sad dirges,
Like the wind through a ruined cell,
Or the mournful surges
That ring the dead seaman's knell.
When hearts have once mingled,
Love first leaves the well-built nest;
The weak one is singled
To endure what is once possessed
O Love! who bewailest
The frailty of all things here,
Why choose you the frailest
For your cradle, your home, and your brier?
It passions will rock thee,
As the storms rock the ravens on high;
Bright reason will mock thee,
Like the sun from a wintry sky.
From thy nest every rafter
Will rot, and thine eagle home
Leave thee named to laughter,
When leaves fall and cold winds come. When the cloud is shattered
the rainbows glory is shed
Like wind through a ruined cell
From thy nest every rafter will rot The weak one is singled
to endure what was once possessed
Bright reason will mock thee
Like the sun from a wintry sky
The hearts echoes render
No song when the spirit is mute Why choose you the frailest
For your cradle, your home, and you bier?
Leave thee naked to laughter
When leaves fall and cold winds come
When the lips have spoken
Loved accents are soon forgot When the lamp is shattered
The light in the dust lies dead
O Love! Who bewailest
Its passions will rock thee
As the storms rocks the ravens on high This piece was written in 1801 but we thought it related to the theme of “When the lamp is shattered” perfectly. Similarities: Broken-hearted man wanted a relationship but it did not work outSo this is the weaker heart writing a sad piece of music to love asking why could it not work out •Uses Nature as something holy and secure.
•Percy Shelley used a lot of nature as imagery in the poem. Uses rain and storms to reflect the emotions of the individual. •Percy Shelley is using the power of emotion and showing how it is bringing pain and bondage. Uses a dark tone
•Come Clean uses feelings as something to free the individual. Uses a more optimistic tone. Individualism The Necessity of Atheism Oxford University The Necessity of Atheism Shelley and his family separated liberty, equality and justice LOVE Harriet Westbrook Moonlight Sonata This piece was written in 1801 but we thought it related to the theme of “When the lamp is shattered” perfectly. Broken-hearted man wanted a relationship but it did not work outSo this is the weaker heart writing a sad piece of music to love asking why could it not work out Very lethargic and legato (or smooth) while the poem is very passionate and very angry and bitter about things Oxford
Shelley Memorial House of atheism Mary Godwin QUEEN MAB Suicide of Harriet Custody Battle ITALY Satanic School NATURE • Eating meat was evil "vegetarian" Poems revolved around nature
Shelley uses human emotions and relate it back to nature
EXAMPLE: When the lamp is shattered Loves to sail
passed their time by telling ghost stories on the lake
---> Mary over heard them telling stories and that is where she got the idea for Frankenstein Boating accident in 1822- Shelley was only 29 Nature Individualism Idealism Emotion (stanza 1) (stanza 2) (stanza 4) (stanza 3) (stanza 4) (stanza 2) (stanza 3) (stanza 4) (stanza 1) (stanza 1) (stanza 3) (stanza 4) depression & bitterness connection to human feelings against the norm transform the individual idea of love damage "spontaneous overflow of emotion" strong & powerful The Shelley Memorial
par. 1-5 3... par 1 3... par 1 3... par 2 2... par 9 4... par 19 3.. par 2 3... par 3 4... par 19 3... par 2 3.. par 4