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U.S./Canada Climate and Vegetation
Transcript of U.S./Canada Climate and Vegetation
Humid continental climate makes soils one of most productive in the world
Mixed deciduous/coniferous forests
North near Canadian border-short summers
South near Tenn.-Long summers U.S.: Rocky Mountains and Pacific ranges
Temperature is colder in higher, northern mountains
Vegetation is sparsely located.
Mountains protect the west coast from freezing temperatures Lets be neighbors eh??? Moderate Climate Colder Climate Cont. Colder Climates U.S. and Canada share a peaceful border and are main economic trading partners
U.s. has more varied climate patterns but both share similar vegetation and climate Climate and
Vegetation Canada: Subarctic climate
Cold for majority of the year including chilly summers
Treeless plains (remember permafrost?)
Canada's dominate climate
Moderate Climate Cont Pacific Coast, British Columbia, Southern Alaska: Marine West Coast
Affected by westerlies, Pacific Ocean currents, and coastal mountains
Mixed forests (California redwoods, Washington area wet rain forests, etc)
U.S. Climate: Throwing the Monkey Wrench into North America South: Humid subtropical
Hot, muggy summers, mild and cool winters
Mild temperatures+adequate rainfall=Wide variety of crops (oranges, peanuts, cotton, etc)
Broad leaf and needle based trees California coast: Mediterranean
Dry, sunny, warm summers
Mild, rainy winters
Long growing season+irrigation=fruit and veggies
U.S. Climate: Dry Climates Great Plains and northern Great Basin: Semiarid
Dry weather with short grasses and shrubs with less than 15 inches of rain a year
Southwestern U.S.: Desert
Hot, dry with less than 10 inches of rain a year
Cactus, shrubs and barren rock or sand
Mojave and Sonoran Deserts U.S. Climate: Tropical Hawaii: Tropical wet climate
Lush rain forests
Consistent 70 degree weather
Mt. Waialeale: receives 400 inches of rain per year!
Florida: Tropical wet and dry climate
Consistently warm but has wet and dry seasons
Tall grasses and scattered trees