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Differentiated Instruction

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Debra Engers

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction
Establish Clear Procedures– Establish clear rules and procedures so students know how to form groups, move in the classroom, offer help, and ask for help.
Classroom Management Tips
Build on Success– Do you already make some adaptations to successfully reach students? How can you improve that or extend that to more students?
Classroom Management Tips
Academic Ability
Multiple Intelligences
Learning Style
Thinking Style
Culture and Ethnicity
Socioeconomic Culture
Language Differences
Developmental Readiness

Differences that influence learning
Group Work vs. Cooperative Learning– Understand the difference between group work and cooperative learning. Favor structured cooperative learning over unstructured group work to avoid problems with “hogs and “logs.”
Classroom Management Tips
Social Skills– Don’t assume students have the skills to work together successfully. Practice social skills with the class.
Classroom Management Tips
Consider Equity– If a subset of students are learning at the expense of others, analyze and correct the situation. Who is not benefitting? Why? How can they be better served?
Classroom Management Tips
Maintain Control– The teacher is not always the center of attention in the DI classroom, but that doesn’t mean you relinquish control. Remember, the teacher is still in charge.
Classroom Management Tips
Start Small– DI can be overwhelming if you try to radically change your classroom all at once. Instead, start with small changes. Use flexible grouping in one subject or try one new instructional strategy. Add on after you have successfully integrated your new practice. Before long, the changes add up.

Classroom Management Tips

Provide choice of topics or assignments
Tier the difficulty of knowledge and skills
Make the learning real and lasting by eliciting emotions
Appeal to students’ interests; promote intrinsic motivation
Present curriculum as students are developmentally prepared
Design tasks and tests that become progressively more challenging

Tips for Differentiating Curriculum

Differentiate what students study and how the content is presented to students. The goal of academic standards and benchmarks is to set a destination for student knowledge and skills. It’s where we want students to be. But the route for each student may vary based on his/her unique learning profiles, personal interests, and developmental readiness.
Flexible Grouping
Assessment and Evaluation
Instructional Resources
Student Support
Products and Presentations
Time and Workload
Instructional Strategies

Differentiating curriculum and instruction to help all students succeed
There is no single method to “do” DI. Instead, DI draws from many educational theories and practices. DI is more of a guiding principle that suggests ways curriculum and instruction can be adapted or modified to reach different learners.

How Do I Do Differentiated Instruction?
The basic premise of Differentiated Instruction (DI) is that students are different. If teachers treat all students the same and teach to the average student, they fail to reach and teach all students. Teachers who acknowledge and respect student differences can diversify their classroom practices to maximize success for each student.
What Is Differentiated Instruction?
Pre-established Groups– Create pairs and groups to use repeatedly. When you call for “Study Buddies,” students should know immediately who they are going to work with and where.
Classroom Management Tips
DI proponents differ on their emphasis on student assessment. Some emphasize the importance of knowing student differences to tailor curriculum and instruction to their unique learning needs. They suggest observations, checklists, inventories, profiles, conferences, and discussions to really get to know each student. Others acknowledge students are different and instead employ a diverse array of teaching practices. The decision is a matter of personal philosophy and preference.

Do I Need to Assess Student Differences?
Tips for Differentiating Curriculum
Present the curriculum through multiple modalities and intelligences
Encourage students to develop their own questions about the content
Make material personally relevant; encourage personal connections and discoveries
Provide examples, real-world illustrations, and applications for different cultures and genders
Full transcript