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World War II
Transcript of World War II
Germany Before the Nazis
The Weimar Republic
After World War I, there was an overthrow of the German government
A new government was created called the "Weimar Republic"
Based on democracy
Germany's Financial Problem
The Weimar Republic created new German money
Germany's economy would fail (badly) however for three key reasons.
Germany still owed a $38 Billion debt to the Allies from WWI
German government printed incredible amounts of money to pay the debt.
The American depression in 1930 had moved to Germany and the rest of Europe
Hyperinflation: when a country experiences very high, accelerating, and perceptibly "unstoppable" rates of inflation
German money had become useless by the mid 1920's
Useless money and no jobs from depression, destroyed the German people.
The Rise of the Nazi Party
Born in Austria in 1889
Wanted to become an artist
Served as a messenger during WWI
Would become leader of Nazi Germany
Hitler's Vision for Germany
When Hitler comes to Germany he is invited to join a small National Socialist political party that was not very popular.
He would turn this political party into the Nazi Party
Hatred of the Weimar Republic
Hitler blamed the Versailles Treaty on the Weimar leaders
He urged Germans to abandon democracy and choose a strong leader.
Hitler believed the German people were a "superior" Aryan race that should rule the world.
He planned to wipe out all Slavs and Poles to make room for German settlers.
Anti-Semitism: hatred towards the Jewish people
Hitler called the Jews an "evil race" that was literally a plague on the German people
He believed communism to be a Jewish plot to control the world
Hitler Voted Chancellor
The Nazi party gains much popularity
Hitler gets enough votes in the German Reichstag and is elected Chancellor in 1933.
The Third Reich
The Jewish Problem
A form of government with high nationalism, militarism, low human rights, and a dictator
A form of government in which a government attempts to control every aspect of a person's life.
Job, political beliefs, religion, speech, education, income, etc
Signed by those elected in the Reichstag
Removed the constitution of the Weimar Republic giving Adolf Hitler full power.
Nazi Party controls the government.
Hitler plans to rid Germany and the world of Jews.
At first Jewish jobs outlawed and it is illegal to hire Jews
Hitler also begins mandatory sterilization of: Jews, handicapped, homosexuals, gipsies, Slavs, and political enemies
Hitler creates policies forcing all men and women to work to rebuild the German Reich.
He does this by:
rebuilding infrastructure (roads)
building up the military
creating unemployment of 0%
Third Reich Grows
Hitler annexes counties around Germany
Annex: to take, add
Germany annexes Austria, Czechoslovakia, and the Rhineland
World War II
World War II Begins
Hitler invades Poland
Hitler signed a "non-aggression pact" with the USSR
Poland surrenders in less than a week.
Nazi plan of attacking fast.
Attack first with bombers, then rush tanks to hit key targets. Last bring in infantry to clean up.
Allies Declare War
Britain and France allowed Hitler to annex Austria and Czechoslovakia because they thought he'd stop after that
Poland was the last straw, the Allies declare war against Hitler's Axis powers.
The Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan had signed an anti-communist military pact in late 1937
Axis Controls Europe
Within less than a year most countries on mainland Europe are under Axis control
Battles of the Pacific "Theater"
Bataan Death March
Battle of Midway
Japanese defeat the Allies at the Philippines.
Allies were forced to march 10 days for 65 miles
Over 3,000 American deaths
Major victory for the Allies on Midway island
Americans cracked Japanese naval code
Sunk most Japanese aircraft carriers
Six month campaign
Stopped Japanese expansion into Australia
Bloodiest battle for the Americans
More deaths than D-Day during invasion
Last Months of WWII
D-Day Invasion of Normandy
Massive land invasion of Nazi controlled France
Largest land invasion of all time
Nazi Invasion of the Soviet Union
Begins Germany's downfall in the war
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle of the Bulge
Last major German offensive
Massive losses on German side
90,000 Allied Casualties
3,000 civilian casualties
Fall of Berlin
Soviet invasion of Berlin
German surrender on May 8th 1945
Atomic Bombs on Japan
U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
This was done to prevent larger American casualties from a land invasion
Japanese surrender shortly after
giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
fast warfare used by the Germans
uncontrollable rates of inflation
money becomes worthless
Code name for the U.S. construction of the atomic bomb
Government with extreme:
powerful central government
Ruled by a dictator
"peace in our time"
Weapons and Tech of WWII
First designed as support in WWI
After WWII becomes the navy's flagship vessel.
Designed to fight against enemy tanks:
Mostly used napalm
Most deadly weapon of the war
killed the most people, by far
Invented by the nazis
After the war many German scientists were hired by the U.S. for the space program
First invented by the nazis
Faster than any plan that had ever been created
Invented by the British
Gifted to the Americans
Used to spot aircraft
Invented by the United States
Most destructive weapon ever created
The Laws for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour
(5 September 1935) Moved by the understanding that the purity of German blood is essential to the further existence of the German people, and inspired by the uncompromising determination to safeguard the future of the German nation, the Reichstag has unanimously resolved upon the following law, which is promulgated herewith:
Marriages between Jews and citizens (German: Staatsangehörige) of German or kindred blood are forbidden. Marriages concluded in defiance of this law are void, even if, for the purpose of evading this law, they were concluded abroad.
Proceedings for annulment may be initiated only by the Public Prosecutor.
Extramarital sexual relations between Jews and "German or related blood" is forbidden..
(This concept was unofficially termed Rassenschande - 'defilement of blood'. Supplementary decrees set Nazi definitions of racial Germans, Jews, and half-breeds or Mischlinge --- see the latter entry for details and citations and Mischling Test for how such decrees were applied. Jews could not vote or hold public office under the parallel "citizenship" law.)
Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers.
Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flag or the national colours.
On the other hand they are permitted to display the Jewish colours. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 1 will be punished with hard labour.
A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 2 will be punished with imprisonment or with hard labour.
A person who acts contrary to the provisions of Sections 3 or 4 will be punished with imprisonment up to a year and with a fine, or with one of these penalties.