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Khanathat Nuntachurat

on 26 June 2015

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Transcript of EARTHQUAKE

" a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action "
The Largest Earthquake in the World
Why Japan has so Many Earthquakes.
" Japan is located along the Pacific
“ring of fire”
This is an area of high seismic and volcanic activity from NewZealand, up through Japan, across to Alaska, and down the west coasts of North and South America "
" when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves that make the ground shake. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little "
- Approximately 1,655 killed
- 3,000 injured
- 2,000,000 homeless
- $550 million damage in southern Chile

tsunami caused

traveled across the Pacific OceaN
- 61 deaths and $75 million damage in
- 138 deaths and $50 million damage in
- 32 dead and missing in the
- $500,000 damage to the west coast of the
United States

1960 May 22
Magnitude 9.5
Dr. Pennung Warnitchai visited schools that suffered heavy damage from earthquake. They were there to check out the preparations made for the next disaster.

HOW to prepare for
an earthquake?
- strict with construction
> have specific rules about constructing building and houses.

- safe transportation
> have metro, high-rises and safe constructions

- The
earthquake-resistant technology

- Children are given
earthquake drill
. Every schools have installed earthquake alarms.
HOW do they prepared for it?

In Chile, we are always prepared for earthquakes. (2015, May 29). Retrieved June 16, 2015, from http://www.ekantipur.com/2015/05/29/earthquake-relief/in-chile-we-are-always-prepared-for- earthquakes/405849.html

all offices and houses in Japan have an earthquake
emergency kits
, including dry rations, drinking water, basic medical supplies.
Offices and school also keep
hard-hats and gloves
for use in case of earthquake.
“Major earthquakes over magnitude 7 occur approximately every 40 years off the coast of Sendai City (Miyagi-oki). In June 2003, the national Earthquake Research Committee reported that there was a 39% possibility of another Miyagi-oki earthquake occurring within the next 10 years. Earthquakes such as The Mid Nigata Prefecture Earthquake in 2004 have continued to hit Japan, reminding us of the necessity to prepare for quakes.”

Reported by Sendai city website.
- June 12, 1978
- magnitude of 7.4
- 28 deaths and 11,028 injuries.
- $830 million in total damage.

Miyagi earthquake
* Widespread landslides that caused extensive damage to highways in the area around Sendai.
* 1,183 houses were completely destroyed within Miyagi Prefecture
* 5,574 heavily damaged and 60,124 moderate damage building.

Hayes, J. (2011, August 11). Earthquake Miyagi, Japan, 1978. Retrieved June 18, 2015, from http://www.nist.gov/el/disasterstudies/earthquake/earthquake_miyagi_japan1978.cfm

-March 11, 2011
-9.0 Richter
-15,891 death
-2,500 people missing
-total damages estimated at $300 billion dollars
Tohoku earthquake
-The tsunami caused a
cooling system failure
at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant which lead to nuclear meltdown and release of radioactive materials into the Pacific Ocean.

* 6.08 pm
* Epicenter at phan district
* following by after shock more than 700 times
* 1 death 20 injured
* smashed windows, cracked walls
and roads and damaged Buddhist temples
may 5, 2014
Recorded of earthquake in
Thailand that more than 5 Richter
between 1975 and 2006

Earthquake in Thailand. (n.d.). Retrieved June 18, 2015,
from http://www.dmr.go.th/main.php?filename=Thaifelt
the strongest earthquake in Thailand

Why Do Earthquakes Happen. (n.d.).
Retrieved June 20, 2015, from

Definition of earthquake in English. (n.d.).
Retrieved June 23, 2015, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/

* Tak, Thailand earthquake
* 5.6 richter
* Epicenter in Tayang district
* No reported on death and injured
* Damage was not recorded but it have strongly felt even in bangkok
* Distance between Tak to Bangkok is about 418 km

> In 1975 Tak is already have seismographs to detect earthquake but didn't have seriously
February 17, 1975
" For instance, most of the buildings in
Mae Lao district, which are small houses,
are not covered by the law, which only
covers structures taller than 15 metres
and public buildings, The ability to predict
earthquakes accurately and quickly will
boost the efficiency of rescue efforts.
However, at present, there are no accurate
prediction methods "

Asia Institute of Technology professor Dr Pennung Warnitchai said.
this is the basic way that everyone need to know and can do it!!

Rujivanarom, P. (2015, April 30). Thailand not prepared for another massive earthquake, experts say. Retrieved June 16, 2015, from http://www.nationmultimedia.com/national/Thailand-not-prepared-for-another-massive-earthqua-30259056.html

Is japan

Hiskey, D. (2012, April 7). WHY JAPAN HAS SO MANY EARTHQUAKES.
Retrieved June 23, 2015, from http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/04/why-japan-has-so-many-earthquakes/


How to prepare for earthquake. (n.d.). Retrieved June 18, 2015, from http://www.city.sendai.jp/syoubou/bousai-e/02.html

Is Miyagi prepare for earthquake?

two of Earth's tectonic plates collide, building up energy and released as earthquakes.
The tsunami waves also traveled across the Pacific, reaching Alaska, Hawaii and Chile. In Chile, some 11,000 miles (17,000 km) distant, the tsunami was 6.6 feet (2 meters) high when they reached the shore.
Worldwide effects

" Residents of Tokyo received a minute of warning
before the strong shaking hit the city, thanks to Japan's earthquake
early warning system
. The country's stringent seismic building codes and early warning system
prevented many deaths
from the earthquake, by
stopping high-speed trains
and factory assembly lines. People in Japan also received
texted alerts
of the earthquake and tsunami warnings on their cellphones "
reported by oskin becky.

Is tohoku prepare for earthquake?

Oskin, B. (2015, May 7). Japan Earthquake & Tsunami of 2011:
Facts and Information. Retrieved June 19, 2015, from http://www.livescience.com/39110-japan-2011-earthquake-tsunami-facts.html

Is tak prepare for earthquake?
japanese children have to learn how to prepare yourself and handle with the situation during earthquake.
Earthquake in Chiang rai. (2014, May 12). Retrieved June 19, 2015, from

Historic Earthquakes Chile. (2014, April 18). Retrieved June 19, 2015,
from http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1960_05_22_articles.php

" Sendai City has prepared the following evacuation areas. Check your neighborhood evacuation areas and evacuation routes in advance,
Sendai City does not designate evacuation areas according to where people live. Therefore, each family should decide where they will evacuate in advance "

reported by sendai city website.
Is Miyagi prepare for earthquake?

Where is My Evacuation Area? (2007, May 15).
Retrieved June 23, 2015, from http://www.city.sendai.jp/syoubou/bousai-e/hinanjo_doko.html


Where is My Evacuation Area? (2007, May 15).
Retrieved June 23, 2015, from http://www.

Tohoku earthquake
1005 james mind c.
Full transcript