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Benefits and Impediments of Physical Education in School
Transcript of Benefits and Impediments of Physical Education in School
Kids would walk to and from school, exercise at recess, had a separate gym class to go to, and spent hours after school playing outside before being called in for dinner. Today, kids lead a very different lifestyle that is less active than before.
Parents drive their kids to school or they take the bus, physical education and other sports programs have been cut; after school time is spent in front of the television, video game, or computer. Past Present A recent study showed that adolescents now spend more than seven hours per day watching television, DVDs, movies, or using a computer or a mobile device like a cell phone or MP3 player Fact (Kaiser Family Foundation) In 2009, only 13% of students rode a bike or walked to school, down from 44% in 1969 Comparison (U.S. Travel Data) Fact Fewer than one in five high school students meet the current recommendations of 60 minutes of daily physical activity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Benefits Some of the benefits of kids participating in physical education include:
Lifelong fitness habits
Better self-esteem Studies have shown that children who spend more time being active at school may have better grades and do better on standardized tests.
Experts believe that physical activity may help concentration and behavior and improve academic achievement. Higher Grades Getting enough sleep is really important for kids. And being more active during the day is a great way to help kids sleep better at night. Better Sleep (Greenlaw)
PE class and recess offer a less-structured time for children to develop social skills. These are often the only times during the school day when children can interact with one another and learn to work out problems on their own. Social Skills (Greenlaw) Physical education classes help kids experience the joys of being active. If we can expose kids to different activities when they're young, it's more likely they'll stay physically active as adults. Lifelong Fitness Habits (Greenlaw) Being involved in physical activity makes kids feel good and can help improve their confidence and self-esteem. Better Self-Esteem (Greenlaw) Physical activity helps control weight, builds lean muscle, reduces fat, and contributes to a healthy functioning cardiovascular system, hormonal regulatory system, and immune system. Promotes strong bone, muscle, and joint development, and decreases the risk of obesity. (Department of Health and Human Services) Physical Activity Physical Education Impediments community design centered around automobiles
limited access to low or no cost physical activity close to home (such as parks, recreation centers, and walking and biking paths)
new technology that is sedentary in nature
increased concerns about safety in neighborhoods (Greenlaw) Social and environmental factors that discourage physical activity include: Transformative
Leadership Student Teacher Parent Influencing followers by motivation Schools are an important setting because of access to young people and the school’s influence on behavior, as well as the potential impact physical activity has on learning, cognition, and academic achievement (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Young people who believe they are competent and have the skills to be physically active are more likely to be active (Trost et al) The parents need to take on a more active role in their child’s participation in physical education. Taking on a leadership role, in the child’s activities, can keep them from unhealthy choices and instill a healthy routine. Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Adolescents Children and adolescents should get 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of physical activity daily. Fact A survey of Americans who participated in an outdoor activity found that 90% of them began doing so between the ages of five and 18 (Outdoor Industry Foundation) References Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division
of Adolescent and School Health. (n.d.) Healthy Youth! Retrieved from:
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity. Outdoor Industry Foundation. (2004). Exploring the active lifestyle: Executive Summary. Retrieved
from: http://www.outdoorfoundation.org/pdf/ResearchActiveLifestyleExecutive.pdf Trost, S.G., Pate, R.R., Ward, D.S., Saunders, R., Riner, W. (1999). Correlates of objectively measured
physical activity in preadolescent youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 17, 120-6. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010). Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds. Retrieved
from: http;//www.kff.org/entmedia/upload/8010.pdf. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). The association between school-based physical
activity, including physical education, and academic performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services. Questions
? Greenlaw, E. (2012). What are the signs of a quality PE program? Web MD. Retrieved by:
http://www.webmd.com/parenting/raising-fit-kids/move/parents-pe-questions Moderate- or vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (such as running, hopping, skipping, jumping rope, swimming, dancing, and bicycling) should comprise most of the 60 or more minutes a day.
Vigorous-intensity physical activity should be included at least 3 days a week. Muscle-strengthening physical activity (such as playing on playground equipment, climbing trees, playing tug-of-war, lifting weights, or working with resistance bands) should be included at least 3 days of the week. Bone-strengthening physical activity (such as running, jumping rope, basketball, tennis, and hop¬scotch) should be included at least 3 days of the week. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). National Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2007. Unpublished data. Conclusion At this point in our country’s history, physical education, from the learned motor development of the activity itself to the understanding of exercise’s physical benefits, is needed more than any other time. Each important figure in a child’s life must take on a leadership role in order to inspire, encourage, and motivate lifelong healthy habits.
Physical education is a concept, with multiple disciplines, leading a child to eventually choose to actively participate in their own future well-being.