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The Silk Road
Transcript of The Silk Road
(1271 - 1368)
Link between China and other foreign countries
It started at Chang’an (now Xi’an)
The route of Silk Road
Why it is important?
It was the link between China and
the foreign countries. It helped to
develop the economies of that time
period, also it helped to exchanged the
culture between foreign countries and
China. In addition, the Buddhism also
spread into China throughout the Silk
Road from India.
How did it start?
Some of the Chinese traders sold the silk through the road to the foreign countries, because silk is easy to to carry and also it is expensive. At the same time, Han Dynasty established the military along the Silk Road in order to protect the traders and their merchandise from robbers. And the traders also took some merchandise from other countries back to China, and sold them for a nice price.
During the Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368), Genghis Khan unified the countries around the China, he also expanded the land and made a large empire controlled under his rules. At this time, the Silk Road reached its zenith again.
Marco Polo (1254-1324) travel along the Silk Road to the capital of Yuan Dynasty, called “Dadu” (today’s Beijing province). Many luxury products were imports and exports along the Silk Road during this time.
By: Carol & Tina
What is the Silk Road?
When did it start & where?
It started during
the Han Dynasty
(202 BC - 220 AD)
It started at Chang'an (now Xi'an)
The Silk Road
In Different Dynasty
(206 BC - 220 AD)
A trader called Zhang Qian first started the Silk Road to the Western region in Han Dynasty. It started on Chang’an (now Xi’an) through central Asia to Roman empire. The traders carried their products and sold them along the Silk Road, and some of the foreign traders also carried products from their own countries into Han Dynasty and sold them. In addition, the Buddhism also spread into China from the Silk Road.
Zhang Qian went to the West
Shows the booming of the Silk Road
in Tang Dynasty
(618 - 907 AD)
The Silk Road was interrupted
because of the Tuque Tribe took out of
the control of the Silk Road during that
time. Tuque Tribe was a group of people
who were allied with some small countries
which were in Western region against the government.
Cultural Legacies of
The Silk Road
Buddhism introduced to China along the Silk Road in the second century BC, by missionaries and pilgrims. Later on, because of Han Dynasty’s emperor Mingdi, he dreamed about the Buddha so he asked his minister Cai Yin went to Tien-chu (India) to study for the Buddhism. 3 years later, Cai Yin returned to Han and brought some Buddhist scriptures, Buddha’s pictures and two Buddhist monks back with him. After that time, Buddhism became more and more popular in China, until now Buddhism still very popular in China.
From the high point of the Silk Road in Tang dynasty, until its slowly fell into termination in six to seven hundred years ago, the Silk Road has had an unparalleled role in export trade and political relations, stretching far beyond the bounds of Asia itself. It has left its footprint on the development of civilizations and culture on both Asian and Europe. However, the route has merely fallen into disuse; its story is far from over.
Goods sold in the Silk Road
now a part of these goods are showing in the museum.