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Information Literacy

General IL presentation for a 3-credit library course titled "Information Access."

Sarah Ralston

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Information Literacy

Information Literacy
From the American Library Association:
"A set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information."
In practical terms:
You engage in research.
-recognize the need for information
-explore a topic and identify the type of information required
-locate information in a variety of sources
-use research strategies
-critically evaluate information and information sources
-organize and use information to address the problem or issue at hand
Information is:
Something that can be communicated
Something that can be interpreted
"Information has no form."
"Information is what allows us to make a selection from a set of given or implied alternatives."
-www.maya.com (video: "Information")
LIS Definition
(International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science):
"Information is best seen as holding the place in the spectrum between raw data and knowledge. Seen in this way, information is an assemblage of data in a comprehensible form capable of communication and use: facts to which meaning has been attached."
What is information?
Factual Information
Is a statement of a thing that is done or that exists
 Consists of facts, and a fact is “the statement of a thing done or existing.”
Often found in reference materials (e.g. encyclopedias) and in statistical information published by the federal government
Example: "LIB 127 has been taught for 20 years at EOU."
Is the interpretation of factual information
Interpretations and analyses of facts: interrelations among, implications of, reasons for
Usually produced by experts
Often found in books and periodical articles
Example: "Looking at grades, assignments and surveys, we can conclude that most students learn to do quality research in this course."
Objective Information
Is understood from only one point of view
Consists of opinions or personal viewpoints
Often found in books, periodical articles, editorials, reviews
Example: "La Grande is too small."
Subjective Information
Is understood by reviewing many different points of view
Consists of non-judgmental and balanced reporting
Presents all sides of a topic
Found in encyclopedias, news articles
Example: "While some people do not like the size of La Grande, some people like the small town atmosphere.
Analytical Information
Parking ticket
Baby’s footprint
College catalog
Floppy disk
Primary Information
ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS: Diaries, speeches, manuscripts,
letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records 

CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art 

RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings
Secondary Information
Analyzes primary sources
One or more steps removed from the event
Textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms,
commentaries, encyclopedias 

Primary source Keywords:
early works
personal narratives
Full transcript