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Greek Drama


Sheryl Hyten

on 11 February 2010

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Transcript of Greek Drama

Greek Drama originated in Athens, Greece Drama started as hymns to honor Dionysus These hymns were sung at festivals
Eventually held competitions in music, dance and poetry:
Thespis recited poetry in a way no one had -
known as the first actor
Thespis = thespian evolved to eventually include costumes, masks and "roles" Early Dramas:
One actor and a chorus of 50
chorus - group of men chanting or singing in unison acting
as a guide for the audience (how to feel or respond to the play)
Aeschylus added an antagonist (2nd actor) and reduced chorus to 12
His pupil, Sophocles (our author), added a third actor and in his first competition he beat Aeschylus Format of Dramas
Tetralogy -- 4 plays 3 tragedies 1 comedy
one plot
one day
no visible violence
all male actors Breakdown of Greek Dramas Prologue - "that which is said before" (chorus)
Parodos - first scene
Four pairs of episodos/ode (scene/chorus)
Exodus - last scene
Epilogue - chorus' final comments (moral of the story) Then and Now Playwright was the writer, director, producer and
sometimes actor
All actors were men
Only performed in the day How does this compare to today? Archetypes An archetype is a symbol, character type, or plot line that has recurred throughout literature.
Ex: plot - chase and rescue, boy meets girl...
Ex: character - hero, villian, side-kick, guardian, mentor Archetypal Myth Plot persecuted by parental figure, hero is threatened with death at young age
left to die in the woods or set adrift on water
rescued and raised by foreign parents
show remarkable powers in youth
grows up to perform great deeds
regains kingdom, wins bride, restores or resolves his past
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