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An Overview on the Events Happening in Libya

prezi presentation on the events happening in egypt or libya

Cullen Chen

on 12 March 2011

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Transcript of An Overview on the Events Happening in Libya

An Overview on the Events Happening in Libya http://blogs.aljazeera.net/middle-east/2011/02/17/live-blog-libya UPDATE 9, Monday, Feb. 21, 5:45 p.m. EST/12:45 a.m. Tuesday Tripoli (Nick Baumann): CNN has a truly awful video of what it says are the bodies of Libyan soldiers who refused to shoot at protesters. UPDATE 8, Monday, Feb. 21, 4:20 p.m. EST/11:20 p.m. Tripoli (Nick Baumann): Yusuf al-Qaradawi, a prominent Muslim theologian, was just on Al Jazeera. He issued a fatwa during the interview calling for the death of Qaddafi. Sultan Al Qassemi's translation: "To any army soldier, to any man who can pull the trigger & kill this man, do so. Save your countrymen from this brutal tyrant. It is wrong of you to stand by while he kills innocent people." Meanwhile, Al Jazeera reports that the Egyptian army's Facebook page has been updated with news that Libyan border guards have withdrawn from Egypt's boundary with Libya. And Al Jazeera English just reported that the Libyan ambassador to the US has resigned and come out against Qaddafi. (UPDATE: Foreign Policy's Blake Hounshell clarifies that the ambassador may not have technically resigned, but calls it a "moot point" given the ambassador's explicit criticism of the regime.) Meanwhile, Foreign Policy's Marc Lynch is calling for US and international intervention: "NATO enfoced no-fly zone, hold [Qaddafi] + regime individually responsible for deaths, call urgent [security council] meeting, targeted sanctions." UPDATE 10, Monday, Feb. 21, 6:10 p.m. EST/1:10 a.m. Tuesday Tripoli (Nick Baumann): The State Department has released a transcript of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's recent comments on Libya:

The world is watching the situation in Libya with alarm. We join the international community in strongly condemning the violence in Libya. Our thoughts and prayers are with those whose lives have been lost, and with their loved ones. The government of Libya has a responsibility to respect the universal rights of the people, including the right to free expression and assembly. Now is the time to stop this unacceptable bloodshed. We are working urgently with friends and partners around the world to convey this message to the Libyan government. The banking crisis and printing paper money in the US and Europe caused food prices to soar. The poor in the Arab countries were already fleeced by their dictators and were getting desperate. One poor sole just gave up and set himself on fire over it and that shocked people to their senses. They saw they had nothing to loose by demanding that their crooked leaders leave or be killed. The cell phones and facebook, tweeter, etc. allowed them to communicate with each other and a common goal emerged on how to overthrow their leaders. They marched in mass on the capital. The military refused to fire on their own people so the people were successful at overthrowing their dictators. In Libya the dictator paid the military to fire on the people protesting. Half refused and joined the protesters. Their numbers kept growing and now they are demanding their dictator leave and he doesn't want to. The Libyan dictator thinks he can hammer the protesters into the ground with his paid for bribed army and mercenaries. Now there is a battle raging between the Libyan dictator with his bribed military vs the protesters and their military sympathizers. The Libyan dictator is slowly loosing the fight.
Saudi Arabia has seen what has happened in the other Arab countries their dictators want to stay in power. That is why they are giving their people money and promising jobs. European Countries and the US and China are worried that the unrest may spread to Saudi Arabia and the other oil producing countries because that would disrupt the flow of oil to our homes, factories, and cars. Monday, March 7, 3:35 p.m. EST/ 10:35 p.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): The Associated Press reports that the US and its NATO allies are still considering a military response to the ongoing chaos in Libya. "I want to send a very clear message to those who are around Colonel Qaddafi. It is their choice to make how they operate moving forward. And they will be held accountable for whatever violence continues to take place," President Obama said on Monday. White House press secretary Jay Carney said the US is still weighing the possibility of imposing a no-fly zone over the country and arming rebel forces, and is continuing to use existing diplomatic channels to amass information on opposition groups. Deploying ground troops, he underlined, "is not top of the list at this point." Wednesday, March 9, 6:52 p.m. EST/ Thursday, March 10, 1:52 a.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): Fadel Lamen has the scoop on the resignation plan Qaddafi offered on Tuesday morning:

According to the insider, Gaddafi sent a letter, in the care of a former Gaddafi cabinet minster, containing the following offer: Gaddafi would call a meeting of the General People's Congress—supposedly the highest governing body in what is in reality an autocracy. At the meeting, Gaddafi would submit his resignation. A formal process would give then appearance of a democratic turnover.

In exchange, Gaddafi would require that the congress declare immunity for him and his family, both domestically and internationally, using the congress's putative legitimacy over the Libyan people as cover.

The insider tells me the interim Transitional Council, overseen by Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the closest thing the Libyan people have as an alternative to Gaddafi, rejected the idea as a "farce." UPDATE 4, Monday, Feb. 21, 12:50 p.m. EST/7:50 p.m. Tripoli (Nick Baumann): NBC News reports that the State Department has ordered all non-emergency personnel to leave Libya immediately. The resigned Libyan ambassador to India told Al Jazeera "it is only a matter of days until the regime is finished." And The Guardian confirms earlier reports that several Libyan airplanes and helicopters have landed in Malta. They were reportedly piloted by Libyan colonels seeking asylum. The earlier reports of military planes attacking protesters also seem to be close to confirmation—Reuters has published a story citing more eyewitnesses to the attack UPDATE 83, Thursday, March 10, 1:00 p.m. EST/ 8:00 p.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): In an interview with Qaddafi's son, Saif, Reuters reports that the Libyan military is planning a full-scale push to crush the rebellion, and won't surrender even if the West intervenes. "It's time for liberation. It's time for action. We are moving now," he said. "Time is out now. It's time for action...We gave them two weeks (for negotiations)...We will never ever give up. We will never ever surrender. This is our country. We fight here in Libya. The Libyan people, we will never ever welcome NATO, we will never ever welcome Americans here. Libya is not a piece of cake." What set Saif off? Maybe everything that's been written about his maybe-fake dissertation. Or losing his crib in England. UPDATE 75, Wednesday, March 9, 11:15 a.m. EST/ 6:15 p.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): The news for the day:

The New York Times reports Qaddafi's forces continue their assault on Ras Lanuf, as rebels push west toward Tripoli. Al Jazeera reports that "[t]he air force is concentrating on the big junctions at the entrance to the town. The fact that it’s such consistent black smoke could well means there is oil underneath it. It is continuing to burn," panicking opposition fighters.
And government air strikes on the desert oil hub and the western city of Zawiyah—which Qaddafi's government claims to have recaptured—continue. Tanks moved into the rebel-held main square as "their snipers shot at anything that moved."
Meanwhile, President Obama and British prime minister, David Cameron have agreed on the shared objective of “the departure of Qaddafi from power as quickly as possible,” the White House said in a statement. They've committed to “press forward with planning, including at NATO, on the full spectrum of possible responses, including surveillance, humanitarian assistance, enforcement of the arms embargo and a no-fly zone.” UPDATE 82, Thursday, March 10, 11:45 a.m. EST/ 6:45 p.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): Meanwhile, in Brussels: Western nations are faced with "an ever more insistent stark choice between aiding the rebels, perhaps with a no-flight zone, or standing by as Colonel Qaddafi reasserts his grip on the country," reports The New York Times. The UK and France appear to favor imposing a no-fly zone, while the United States continues to emphasize the difficulty of such an action. Nick Kristof doesn't think it could be all that tough:

If the Obama administration has exaggerated the risks of a no-fly zone, it seems to have downplayed the risks of continued passivity. There is some risk that this ends up like the abortive uprisings in Hungary in 1956, in Czechoslovakia in 1968, or in southern Iraq in 1991.

The tide in Libya seems to have shifted, with the Qaddafi forces reimposing control over Tripoli and much of western Libya. Now Colonel Qaddafi is systematically using his air power to gain ground even in the east. As the International Institute for Strategic Studies, an arms analysis group in London, noted this week, “The major advantage of the pro-regime forces at the moment is their ability to deploy air power.” UPDATE 79, Wednesday, March 9, 4:45 p.m. EST/ 11:45 p.m. Tripoli (Siddhartha Mahanta): The White House is working to stop mercenaries from joining pro-Qaddafi forces, reports Josh Rogin. Soldiers of fortune have been streaming in from surrounding countries like Chad and Niger, but the administration isn't saying whether Qaddafi is still trying to bring in more. The hope: that keeping them out will help prevent violence from spilling over into other countries. Meanwhile, the administration's outreach to opposition groups is increasing. And National Security Council senior director for multilateral affairs Samantha Power said that the US is doing its best to help civilians trying to leave Libya. Check these links for more infro http://www.libya-watanona.com/ http://motherjones.com/mojo/2011/02/whats-happening-libya-explained http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/2011/03/110311_au_libya.shtml http://libyadaily.com/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12534187 1:18am
Libyan state television releases video footage of what they say is a captured member of the country's rebel forces.

He says there are no mercenaries among pro-Gaddafi forces, and that Libya is targeted by Western countries in a bid to control its oil.

Experssing remorse for his alleged membership of the opposition, he also denies that air raids on eastern cities have occurred, and that "fanatic groups from outside Libya" are fighting in the country's east.

AFP - Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, has said that any decision to impose a no-fly zone over Libya should be taken by the United Nations and "not the United States".

"I think it's very important that it is not a US-led effort because this comes from the people of Libya themselves," she said.

"We think it is important that the United Nations make that decision. This doesn't come from the outside. This doesn't come from some Western power or some Gulf country saying: 'This is what you should do.'" Libyan Blogger via Libya Live Blog - March 9 Nic Robertson of CNN tweeted that Libya’s deputy foreign minister said a no-fly zone would be a declaration of war against Libya. The Libyan official also demanded that the UN accept Libya’s new ambassador to United Nations. 3:20am
Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, made another fleeting appearance around at a hotel where more than 100 foreign journalists had waited for hours. Just when they thought he would speak to them, his handlers took him to a private room in the hotel for an interview with a Turkish television.
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