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World Religions : Prayer & Music

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E St. Germain

on 14 April 2011

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Transcript of World Religions : Prayer & Music

Prayer & Music Hymns Buddhism Hinduism Islam Judaism Christianity Sutra Bhajan Anasheed Zemirot Anim Zemirot Amantu Billahi Chadariya Jhini Re Jhini Heart Sutra Jesus, Remember Me Works Cited: Zemirot Religious Significance An'im z'mirot veshirim e'erog,
ki eleicha naf'shi ta'arog.
Nafshi chamd'dah betzel yadecha,
lada'at kol-raz sodecha.
Midei dabri bich'vodecha homeh libi el dodeicha.
Al ken adaber becha nich'badot,
veshimcha achabed beshirei yedidot. I shall weave melodies and sweeten songs,
because my soul longs to you.
My soul desires the shade of your hand,
to know each wrinkle of your secret.
As I speak of your glory, my heart wishes for your love.
Thus I shall speak glories of you
and your name shall I honour in songs of mates. Overview After meals on the Sabbath (holy day/day of rest, usually Saturday in Judaism), a Jewish custom is to sing Zemirot (from the Hebrew z-m-r: to sing). Zemirot are songs where the lyrics do not come from liturgical texts but are written by different Hebrew poets throughout history. The songs contain content about Jewish laws, customs and Sabbath observances. As well, a common subject of the prophet Elijah and Redemption. Anim- Zemirot was written by Rabbi Judah Hechasid, who was the son of Rabbi Samuel ben Kolonymus who wrote another important Zemirot Shir HaYichud "song of unity". The song is usually sung on Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) at the very end of the evening. Anim-Zemirot is also known as Shir Hakavod "Song of Glory" because it is considered to be a high praise of the God. However, one many rabbis warn against the over-use of this song because you would risk over-praising God. This seems at first to be a very strange concept, but different rabbis justify this by saying that "One who utters praises of the Holy One, blessed be He, to excess is uprooted from the world" (R. Yochanan). Also, the over-singing of this song would cheapen it, because it is so sacred and special, it must be sung only on important occasions so that it remains sincere and special. Even though the words themselves do not come from scriptures, the reverence for their God is still evident. The sanctity of God is so important in Judaism that the majority of observant Jews won't even say his name. When referring to Yahweh (YHWH) the word "lord" (adonai) or "the name" (hashem) is often used to replace it. In writing, most use G-D instead of writing the entire name of god. In Judaism, God is seen as an almighty, intangible being that is both like a father and like a ruler. amantu billahi wa mala'ikatihi
wa kutubihi wa resulihi
wa al-yaum al-akhiri
wa al-qadri khayrihi
wa sharrihi min Allah
wa al-ba'si ba`d al-maut,
la ilaha illa Allah

la ilaha illa Allah
la ilaha illa Allah
la ilaha illa Allah
Muhammad Rasulullah Faith is belief in Allah and the messengers
The angels and the final day
and the holy scriptures
To believe in destinay that
good and bad both come from Him
And the Resurrection;
there is no god by Allah.

Allah is the creator of heaven
and of earth
Nothing may compare with Him,
He is the One alone
The prophets, best of humankind
Sent to all nations and all tribes
Last of all Muhammad,
mercy to the worlds

Formed of light and beauty,
the angels of the Lord
To praise Allah, to help mankind,
Jibril brings the word.
The scriptures, all by Allah sent,
Torah, Psalms and Gospel then
The source of perfect guidance,
the Glorious Quran

The reckoning, the Final Day,
when all will see their works
Remade in soul and body
to stand before the Lord
With patience bearing every grief
With thankfulness for all blessings
We are content with destiny,
the Will of Allah

Faith is belief in Allah and the messengers
The angels and the Final Day,
and the holy scriptures.
To believe in destinay that
good and bad both come from Him
And the Resurrection;
there is no god by Allah.
Overview Religious Significance Anasheed Anasheed (singular: nasheed) are modern Islamic songs that contain a moral or religious meaning. They are sung either a Capella or accompanied by small drums. This nasheed is by Talib al Habib who was born in London in 1976 but grew up in South Africa. It could be considered this type of music to be Muslim Hip Hop. While the children below are only singing part of the song, the song also has English verses. Music is a much debated topic in Islam. Many interpret the Qu'ran as saying that listening to or playing any sort of music, singing, drumming, instruments is haram (forbidden). However, others believe that only singing is allowed, or singing and drumming is allowed. Because the Islam spreads across so many cultures and countries, what a certain Muslim culture accepts is different than another. Amantu billahi strongly reflects the articles of faith in Islam.
Amantu Billahi reflects Islams monotheism, it means "I believe that there is only one God."
Wa mala'ikatihi: "I believe in his angels."
Wa kutubihi: "I believe in his scriptures."
Wa resulihi: "I believe in his prophets."
Wa al-yaum al-akhiri: "I believe in Judgement Day."
wa al-qadri khayrihi wa sharrihi min Allah: "Every thing that is good and evil comes from God."
wa al-ba'si ba`d al-maut: "I believe in resurrection."
la ilaha illa Allah: "There is no other God."
The most fundamental belief of Islam is that there is no other God and that any attempt to make God tangible or human goes against him. While it does not mention the pillars of Islam, this song is often used by teachers because it teaches the most fundamental beliefs of Islam: he created all things, and that Islam is about full submission to the will of God. Like Christians, Muslims believe that on the final judgement day, all people living and dead will meet with God and he will provide a final judgement. Muslims believe that if you are Muslim you will go to heaven to live an eternal life, if not you will suffer. kabīrā jab ham paidā hue
jaga hańse ham roye
aisī karanī kara calo
ham hańse jaga roye

chadariyā jhinī re jhinī
he rāma nāma rasa bhinī

aṣṭa kamalā ka carkhā banāyā
pañca tattva kī pūnī
nava dasa māsa bunana ko lāge
mūrakha mailī kinhī

jaba morī chādara bana ghara āyā
rańga reja ko dinhī
aisā rańga rańgā rańgare ne
lālo lāla kar dinhī

cādara oḍha śańka mat kariyo
yeh do dina tumko dinhī
mūrakha loga bheda nahi jāne
din din mailī kinhī

dhruva prahlāda sudāmā ne oḍhi
śukadeva ne nirmala kinhī
dāsa kabīra ne aisī odhī
jyoń kī tyoń dhara dinhī Poet Kabir Das says, “When I was born, the world smiled and cried. However, I will do such deeds that when I leave, I will be the one smiling and the world will be the one crying.” This life is like a very thin transparent shawl which should be drenched in the holy name of Lord Rama, the Reservoir of Pleasure.

The eight lotuses is the spinning wheel using the five earthly elements to make the chadar (the body). In nine of ten days, the chadar is completed; however, the fools will destroy it.

When the chadar is completed, it is sent to the dyer (the spiritual master) to color it. The dyer (the spiritual master) colored it as such that it is all red (the color of self-realization).

Do not have doubts or fears while wearing this chadar. It is only given to you for two days and it is temporary too. The foolish people do not understand the temporariness of this chadar, and they day by day destroy it.

Great devotees such as Dhruva Maharaja, Prahlad Maharaja, Sudama, and Sukadeva Goswami have worn this chadar as well as purified their chadars as well other chadars (souls). The servant, Kabir Dasa, is attempting to wear this chadar as given to him originally by his guru. Bhajan Religious Significance Overview Bhajan are Hindu devotional songs. They can be sung with or without instruments, anywhere, anytime and by any worshiper (bhakta); but are usually sung in a group gathering called a satsang. They are most widespread method of prayer and devotions in Hinduism. Bhajan are both religious and cultural in that every part of India has their own style of Bhajan. The lyrics of these songs come from famous teachings, scripture and poetry. Chadariya Jhini Re Jhini was written by Kabir Dasa, a very influential poet of the 15th century. In a time of great hostility between groups, Kabir lived in a society very much ruled by a caste system. He wrote about the importance of peace and brotherhood and pioneered the Bhakta style of worship. This bhajan is a classic in Indian culture and is very popular, having been recorded by many different Hindu artists. This bhajan is about a chadar (a headscarf) that represents both a pure life and a pure soul. The only god mentioned in this bhajan is Lord Rama, a deity who is the seventh reincarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Vishnu is the protector god and Rama is considered to be "The embodiment of truth. of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband and, above all, the ideal king." The Ramayana, written by Valmiki, contains the many adventures and stories of Rama. Rama and Vishnu are probably the most worshiped and most popular deities in Hinduism. Most likely because Rama embodies the most sought after virtues in Hinduism.

The lotus is one of the four objects that Vishnu is always pictured carrying. It symbolizes liberation and a good life. Red is a very important colour in Hinduism. Red is associated with gods who are brave and protective (like Rama) and is worn by women during marriage and other important ceremonies, even after death. This bhajan describes many important Hindu symbols and values. Overview Religious Significance Jesus, remember me
when you come into your kingdom Hymns Overview Religious Significance Sutra The song's melody was written in a community in France called Taize. Taize songs are sung all around the world. These hymns are beautiful and simple. They are sung repetitively, creating a meditative atmosphere; they have an especially strong impact when sung in large groups or congregations during church services. Hymns are Christian songs sung for worship and prayer during church services. Hymnos originated in ancient Greece but were adopted by the Christian church in the 6th century by St. Benedict. Until the 16th century, hymns were only sung by monks and the clergy. During the reformation, hymns were changed so they could be more accessible and could be sung by the congregation as well. Now hymns are an important part of the majority of church services. The simple lyrics of this hymn come from the Bible, Luke 23:42. In this passage, the Christian messiah, Jesus (the son of God) is being tortured on a cross. Next to him is a common thief. This thief asks Jesus to "Remember [him] when [Jesus] comes into [his] kingdom." Jesus forgives the thief and says they will meet each other in paradise. Before Jesus died on the cross, Jewish people had to perform sacrifices to gain God's forgiveness for their sins. However, Christians believe that God made the ultimate sacrifice of his own son to forgive humanity's sins, in this way, Jesus is the savior in Christianity.
Jesus' kingdom is heaven. Christians believe that this is the place that they go after they die. It is a place of eternal rest, happiness and joy. In heaven, one lives perpetually in the love and glory of God without sin and without suffering. Body is nothing more than emptiness,
emptiness is nothing more than body.
The body is exactly empty,
and emptiness is exactly body.
The other four aspects of human existence --
feeling, thought, will, and consciousness --
are likewise nothing more than emptiness,
and emptiness nothing more than they.

All things are empty:
Nothing is born, nothing dies,
nothing is pure, nothing is stained,
nothing increases and nothing decreases.

So, in emptiness, there is no body,
no feeling, no thought,
no will, no consciousness.
There are no eyes, no ears,
no nose, no tongue,
no body, no mind.
There is no seeing, no hearing,
no smelling, no tasting,
no touching, no imagining.
There is nothing seen, nor heard,
nor smelled, nor tasted,
nor touched, nor imagined.

There is no ignorance,
and no end to ignorance.
There is no old age and death,
and no end to old age and death.
There is no suffering, no cause of suffering,
no end to suffering, no path to follow.
There is no attainment of wisdom,
and no wisdom to attain.

The Bodhisattvas rely on the Perfection of Wisdom,
and so with no delusions,
they feel no fear,
and have Nirvana here and now.

All the Buddhas,
past, present, and future,
rely on the Perfection of Wisdom,
and live in full enlightenment.

The Perfection of Wisdom is the greatest mantra.
It is the clearest mantra,
the highest mantra,
the mantra that removes all suffering.

This is truth that cannot be doubted.
Say it so:

Gaté,
gaté,
paragaté,
parasamgaté.
Bodhi!
Svaha! Sutras are lessons and rules unique to Mahayana Buddhism. The majority of these passages were written between 200 BCE and 200 CE as this sect of Buddhism developed. Mahayana Buddhists believe that Nirvana can be attained by anyone and that in order to reach enlightenment, one must be compassionate towards others as well as educated in Buddhist teachings. Many of these sutras have be added to music to make them more accessible. The Heart Sutra was first written in Sanskrit by an unknown author. The Sanskrit name is Prajnaparamita Hrdaya. It is a very important Sutra, second only to the Lotus Sutra. This version is by Imee Ooi, a Malaysian Buddhist composer from Kuala Lumpur. "Anasheed." Wikipedia. N.p., 18 Mar 2011. Web. 24 Mar 2011. .
"Bhajan - Devotional and Philosophical Songs!."Sanedo. N.p., 28 Aug 2010. Web. 24 Mar 2011. .
BBC Religions n. pag. Web. 22 Feb 2011.
Das, Subhamoy. "Lord Rama - The Ideal Avatar."About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar 2011. .
Dikmen, Mehmet. "What does Amantu mean? ."Questions on Islam . N.p., 19 Jul 2010. Web. 24 Mar 2011. .
"Hymns." Music for Church Choirs. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar 2011.
"Jewish Beliefs about God ." Religion Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 02 2011. . "Mahayana Buddhist Sutras." Religion Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar 2011. .
Malik, Prerna. "What is Mahayana Buddhism - Introduction to the Greater Vehicle." Suite 101. N.p., 10 May 2010. Web. 27 Mar 2011. .
Malik, Prerna. "What is the Heart Sutra? An Important Mahayana Buddhism Sutra." Suite 101. N.p., 27 Sep 2010. Web. 27 Mar 2011. Rye, Madhu. "Bhajans: Way of Worship." Ramkabir Bhajans. N.p., 1984. Web. 24 Mar 2011. .
"What Does Islam Say about the Day of Judgement?."A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar 2011. . Klass, Yaakov. "Q&A: An'im Zemirot (Conclusion)."The Jewish Press. N.p., 14 May 2008. Web. 22 Feb 2011. .
Klass, Yaakov. "Q&A: An'im Zemirot (Part I) ." The Jewish Press. N.p., 07 May 2008. Web. 27 Mar 2011. Prajnaparamita Hrdaya, is a very important Sutra because it describes the key beliefs of Mahayan Biddhism. The emptiness and nothingness describes the Shunyata doctrine that was given by Avalokitesvara. Buddhists believe that one must be completely disconnected from earthly bonds, therefore empty. Only when one is free of these attachments can one achieve Nirvana. Buddhists believe that when one has reached Nirvana through meditation one is free from desire, suffering and hatred. It is also the end to a cycle of rebirth called samsara. A Bodhisattvas are people who seek enlightenment through compassion; they are on the path to awakening.

The first to reach Nirvana was Siddhartha Gautama, a Nepalese prince who was born into a life of luxury and ignorance. Only after leaving his palace grounds did he encounter people who experienced sickness, age and death. This prompted Siddhartha to live a life of poverty and abstinence. After his time of holiness and asceticism, he decided to live a middle life: in neither luxury nor poverty. This was when he reached enlightenment when deep in meditation underneath a tree. This was how he became the first Buddha. A Buddha is one who attains perfect enlightenment.
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