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What is science and how is it done?

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R. Aaron Ramey

on 10 September 2012

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Transcript of What is science and how is it done?

What is science? Science A system of acquiring knowledge by developing explanations and predictions about the universe through experimentation, observation, and/or mathematics. Applied science The application of scientific knowledge. Formal science The branch of science concerned with well defined thought based on mathematics (formal systems). Natural science The scientific study of the natural world. Social science The study of human thought and society. Engineering Healthcare Logic Statistics Mathematics Computer science Archeology History Education Law Political science Psychology Sociology Economics Life science Physical science The branch of natural science that studies non-living systems. The branch of natural science that studies living organisms. Astronomy The scienctific study of celestial objects and phenomena that originate outside of Earth. Chemistry The scientific study of matter and chemical reactions. Earth science The sciences related to planet Earth. Physics The scientific study of matter, energy, and force, as well as their motion through space and time. Anatomy The scientific study of the structure of living things. Botany The scientific study of plant life. Cell biology The scientific study of cells. Ecology The scientific study of the relationship of organisms to each other and to the environment. Molecular biology The scientific study of the molecular basis of biological activity (DNA, RNA, and proteins). Microbiology The scientific study of the microscopic organisms. Genetics The scientific study of genes, heredity, and variation in organisms. Evolutionary biology The scientific study of the processes that have given rise to the unity and diversity of life. Developmental biology The scientific study of the processes by which organisms grow and develop. Physiology The scientific study of the function of living systems. Zoology The scientific study of the animal kingdom. How is science done? Scientific inquiry Molecular biology The scientific study of the molecular basis of biological activity (DNA, RNA, and proteins). Microbiology The scientific study of the microscopic organisms. Genetics The scientific study of genes, heredity, and variation in organisms. Evolutionary biology The scientific study of the processes that have given rise to the unity and diversity of life. Developmental biology The scientific study of the processes by which organisms grow and develop. Physiology The scientific study of the function of living systems. Zoology The scientific study of the animal kingdom. The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence derived from their work. What is life? Common characteristics of living organisms. (Homeostasis) Relatively stable internal body conditions. Cellular Biological organization is hierarchical. Each level builds on the next level up.
Novel properties arise when you move up a level (emergent properties). A tentative explanation to a question.
Must be testable and falsifiable. Experiment or obsevation Theory An explanation of a natural phenomenon, supported by a large body of experimental, observational, and/or mathematical evidence. Law A verbal or mathematical expression stating the outcome of an event under certain circumstances. Hypothesis
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