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Late Adulthood Homosexuality

Class Presentation
by

Deborah Gibson

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Late Adulthood Homosexuality

Biological Factors and
Social Structure A Journey Worth Taking Demographics/Description Aging in America According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services persons 65 and older are defined as part of the Older Population in the U.S. (USDHHS, 2011).

In 2010, persons 65 and older represented 13.1% of the total population of the U.S., numbering nearly 40.4 million elderly Americans. (U.S.Census, 2010). Older Americans are the fastest growing population in the United States.

By 2050, Americans age 65 and older is expected to be around 88.5 million people – nearly double that of 2010 (U.S. Census, 2010). Aging in America What does aging look like in America? Baby Boomers Hit 60!!!!!!!!


By 1930, all of the baby boomers will be considered members of the older population Extra! Extra! Read All About It!!!!!!! Lesbian
Gay
Bisexual
Transgender There are currently approximately 1.5 million gay, lesbian and bisexual individuals 65 and older living in the United States (Williams Institute, 2011).

The 2010 Outing Age Report estimates that between 2010 and the height of the baby boomers aging peak, there could be nearly 2 to 7 million LGBT elders in the United States (National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, 2010). Aging in the LGBT Community Psychological Theories

Stresses the Importance of belonging and identifying with a particular group


Social Categorization
Social Comparison
Social Identity
Self Esteem Social Identity Theory A Sense of Belonging - Group Identity

Internal and External Continuity Primary strategy used for dealing with changes associated with normal aging

Continuity Theory distinguishes between psychological and physical continuity

Internal Continuity

External Continuity Continuity Theory External Continuity
"My, how things have changed" Internal Continuity
"It’s still me, I haven’t changed" Psychological versus Physical Cultural Factors and Ethical Considerations Comparative Analysis Strategy 2006 Late Adulthood Homosexuality Health Continues Declining Unequal Treatment Equal Changes and Needs Senescence
(C. Zastrow & K. Kirst 2010) Biological Factors Anal Cancer
Elder Gays are at higher risk A Disease Coming Out of the Closet Respected? Safe? Community
Volunteerism Welcomed? Forced to go back to the closet Social Structure Practice Recommendation
Awareness of Issue
Continue Support
Health Education
Welcoming LGBT Volunteers Availability to Social Life The Impact of Baby Boomers Who Will Care for Me? Issues Support Systems Members of the LGBT community worry about who will care for them in late adulthood
Support comes from close friends and partners
Lack of family support Higher mental stability

Better quality of life

Lower depression, anxiety & internalized homophobia Interview with James and his mother
Well Known LGBT Baby Boomers 1530 DeKalb Ave., Atlanta GA 30307 Group Therapy/Counseling
Social Activities
Local Network
SAGENET SAGE Atlanta Cultural Competence Elder Abuse Housing Advocacy Social Support Health Reform Community Involvement Lack of empirical data
Invisibility
Heterosexist beliefs
Fear Psychological LGBT Community Nimrod & Kleiber, (2007) (Hogg, 2006). DOMA is currently under review by the U.S. Supreme court.  DOMA was signed into law by President Clinton  in 1996. DOMA provides a definition of marriage for federal law purposes as a relationship between one man and one woman. The law allows states to disregard legal same-sex marriages from other states and sets the standard by which all federal programs and benefits become available to seniors. DOMA Ageism is Defined as a Prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person's age. Within the LGBT community there is a stigma when it comes to age and body image. Often time those older men and women within the LGBT community are viewed as inadequate, and less then deserving of respect and acceptance. Ageism Older Adulthood
Championship
Attraction
Intimacy
Longevity
Commitment Young Adulthood
Intimacy
Vigor
Attraction
Ability
Availability Sexual Interaction Theatre 1 Theatre 2 (Maddux, S. (2009) Gen Silent) Sage Productions. (2011) LGBT Older Adults & Social Security 1. Approximately 7.5 million LGBT
community members are under the age of
65 (Williams Institute, 2011).

2. Social support is more available for
young/middle aged LGBT.

3. Younger LGBT members usually
experience good health in general.

4. Young LGBT members experience discrimination in
the form of sexism.

5. Younger homosexuals often have a negative perception
of older homosexuals (Schope 2005).



6. Young/middle adults main concern about the coming out
process is being accepted by family and friends.


7. Younger homosexuals view being old at around
37 years old (Schope, 2005).

8. Young and middle aged homosexuals are less likely
to hide their sexual orientation.


9. Younger LGBT community members are more like to
socialize with heterosexuals.(Kean, 2006).

10. Role models for younger homosexuals include any
and all type of occupations. Young to Middle Adulthood 1. There are approximately 1.5 million LGBT members
that are 65 and over (Williams Institute, 2011).


2. There are few social support networks available
for the aging LGBT community.

3. As the LGBT community grows older, health issues
begin to become a problem.

4. Older LGBT continue to experience sexism but
also experience discrimination due to ageism.

5. Older homosexuals face discrimination from
younger homosexuals due to the
“youthful” focus of the gay community
(Schope, 2005).

6. LGBT older adults experience concerns over
lack of family members who will help them
as they age. They fear ending up alone.

7. Older homosexuals view old age beginning
around the age of 44 (Schope, 2005).

8. Older homosexuals continue to fear exposure
of their sexuality and are likely to hide their
sexual orientation (Kean, 2006).

9. Older heterosexuals are less likely to
socialize with heterosexuals.

10. Roles models for the older LGBT populations
included stereotypical occupations of florists,
designers and funeral directors
(D. Mitchell, personal communication). Later Adulthood (65 and over) Both populations continue to be concerned with discrimination throughout their lives.

Both groups look to support groups to build relationships and a sense of community.

Lesbians face discrimination due to their sexual orientation and their gender, regardless of their age.

Both younger and older lesbians view old age as starting around 48 years old(Schope, 2005). Similarities between Young and Old Many older gay men are better able to cope with aging than heterosexual men since they have developed their social and sexual identities during their coming out process (Schope, 2005).

In addition to the normal aging difficulties, many older gay men also face societal oppression due to their sexual orientation (Schope, 2005).

Heterosexuals are eligible for many social services and benefits (Social Security) that members of the LGBT community are denied (Sage, 2013).

Homosexuals are considered, by their own population, to be “elderly” at an earlier age than the heterosexual population (Kean, 2006). Differences – Heterosexual versus Homosexual Often times those LGBT elders began to fell like outsiders and many older LGBT men and women start to withdraw from society. At a time when LGBT individuals enjoy an unprecedented degree of social acceptance and legal protection, our LGBT elders are aging — and dying — alone and invisible, and are often denied the basic dignity of being able to share their memories of a life well lived without fear of rejection and reprisal. Retirement and Loneliness Psychological and Family Issues Brought to you by Sapphire United:
Whitney Davis, Debbie Gibson, Rosa Gutierrez, Lee Hurley Weebly Presentation: http://sapphireunited.weebly.com/
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