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The Orchestra

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by

Charlee- Jade King

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of The Orchestra

The Conductor Orchestral String Instruments Brass Instruments Rhythm Percussion Woodwind Instruments Tuned Percussion Charlee- Jade King The conductor directs musical performances by making gestures that the orchestra knows. The job of the conductor is to unify performers, set the tempo, and to listen so they can shape the sound of the orchestra. Orchestras, choirs, concert bands and other musical ensembles often have conductors. The Orchestra Violin The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings that must be tuned. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments.The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, regardless of the type of music played on it. Viola The viola is a bowed string instrument. It is slightly larger than a violin and has a deeper sound. It is in the middle in sound and size between the Violin and the Cello. Cello The cello is a bowed string instrument with four strings, A person who plays a cello is called a cellist. The cello is used as a solo instrument, in chamber music, in a string orchestra, and as a member of the orchestral string section of an orchestra. It is the second largest bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra. Double Bass The double bass, also called the string bass, upright bass, bass fiddle, bass violin, doghouse bass, contra bass, stand-up bass or bull fiddle. It is the largest and lowest-pitched orchestal string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra, Piccolo The piccolo is a half-size flute, and a
member of the woodwind family of musical instruments. The piccolo has most of the
same fingerings as its larger sibling, the flute, but the sound it produces is the highest in the family. Flute The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. Flutes are the earliest known musical instruments. A number of flutes dating to about 35,000 to 43,000 years ago have been found in the Swabian Alb region of Germany. These flutes demonstrate that a developed musical tradition existed from the earliest period of modern human presence in Europe. Oboe The oboe is a double reed musical
instrument of the woodwind family
made from a wooden tube that are
roughly 60 cm long, with metal keys Cor Anglais The cor anglais or English horn (American English), is a double-reed woodwind instrument that's closely related to the oboe, the pitch is lower than the oboe. Bassoon The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family, Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon is mostly used in orchestral, concert band and chamber music. Contra-bassoon The Contrabassoon, also known as the double bassoon is a larger version of the bassoon. It also sounds lower than the bassoon. Its technique is similar to its smaller cousin, with a few differences. Trumpet A trumpet is a musical instrument. It is the highest register in the brass family. Trumpets are among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BC. They are played by blowing air through closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound that starts a wave of vibration in the air column inside the instrument. Since the late 15th century they have primarily been made of brass tubing, usually bent twice into a rounded shape. French Horn The horn (also known as the corno
and French horn) is a brass instrument
made of about 12–13 feet (3.7–4.0 m)
of tubing wrapped into a coil Trombone The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. Like all brass instruments, sound is produced when the player’s vibrating lips cause the air column inside the instrument to make noise. Nearly all trombones have a telescoping slide mechanism that varies the length of the instrument to change the pitch. Tuba The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched brass instrument. Sound is produced by vibrating or buzzing the lips into the mouthpiece. It is one of the newest additions to the modern symphony orchestra. It first appeared in the mid-19th century, Snare (side) Drum The snare drum or side drum is a unpitched percussion instrument. It is often used in orchestras, marching bands and concert bands, drum corps. ITt's the most prominent drum in most marching and stage bands, and the instrument that students of both orchestral and drumming learn to play first. Brass Drum A bass drum is a large drum that produces a low definite or indefinite pitch.
Bass drums are percussion instruments and are usally quite large. They are used in several musical genres Triangle The triangle is a musical instrument in the percussion family. It is a bar of metal, usually steel but sometimes other metals like beryllium copper, bent into a triangle shape. The instrument is usually held by a loop of some form of thread or wire at the top curve. It was first made around the 16th century. WoodBlock A woodblock is a small piece of slit drum
made from a single piece of wood and
used as a percussion instrument. It is
struck with a stick. Temple Blocks The temple block is a percussion instrument originating in China, Japan and Korea where it is used in religious ceremonies. It is a carved hollow wooden instrument with a large slit. In it's modern form it's a rectangula shape. Several block sizes are often used together to give a variety of pitches. Castanets Castanets are a percussion instrument, used in Kalo, Moorish, Ottoman, ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Sephardic, Swiss, and Portuguese music. The instrument consists of a pair of concave shells joined on one edge by a string. Maracas Maracas are a native instrument of Latin America. They are percussion instruments, usually played in pairs. Often one ball is
pitched high, and the other is pitched low. Claves Claves are a percussion instrument,
consisting of a pair of short (about
20–30 cm), thick wooden sticks. When
struck they make a bright clicking
noise. Claves are sometimes hollow
in the middle to make the sound
louder. Guiro The guiro is a Latin-American percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended,
hollow gourd (Hard Skinned Fruit) with
parallel notches cut in one side. It is
played by rubbing a stick or tines along
the notches to produce a sound. Tambourine The tambourine is a musical
instrument in the percussion
family consisting of a frame,
often of wood or plastic, with
pairs of small metal jingles,
called zils. Timpani Timpani, or kettledrums, are musical instruments in the percussion family. A
type of drum, they consist of a skin
stretched over a large bowl traditionally
made of copper. They are played by striking
the head with a specialized drum stick
called a timpani stick or timpani mallet. Xylophone The xylophone is a musical instrument in
the percussion family that consists of
wooden bars struck by mallets. Each bar is tuned to a pitch of a musical scale. Glockenspiel A glockenspiel is a percussion instrument with
a set of tuned keys arranged in the fashion of
the keyboard of a piano. In this way, it is similar
to the xylophone; however, the xylophone's
bars are made of wood, while the glockenspiel's
are metal plates or tubes. Marimba The marimba is a musical instrument in the percussion family. It consists of a set of wooden bars with resonators. The bars are struck with mallets to produce musical tones. The bars are arranged like a piano. This instrument is a type of xylophone, but with broader and lower tone. Vibraphone The vibraphone is a musical instrument in
the the percussion family. The vibraphone
is similar in appearance to the xylophone, marimba and glockenspiel Piano The piano is a musical instrument that is designed to be played by pressin on the keyboard. It is one of the most popular instruments in the world. Used mostly in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music. The piano is
also very popular as an aid to composing
and rehearsal. Although not portable and
often expensive. Celesta The celesta is operated by a keyboard. Its appearance is similar to that of an upright piano or of a large wooden music box. The keys are connected to hammers which strike a graduated set of metal (usually steel) plates suspended over wooden resonators. Thanks For Watching
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