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Poverty and Its Effects on World Hunger
Transcript of Poverty and Its Effects on World Hunger
Effects on World Hunger Aspects of Poverty Poverty of Money Poverty of Access lack of money is not poverty; it is a symptom of poverty
lack the ability to accumulate assets
KEY REASON OF POVERTY
reason for inability to accumulate assets
their money or saving comes from "lenders"
creates a large interest rate that prevents any growth in wealth
they buy benefits at full price that come at a lower cost for others
All of this combined leads to Poverty of Access no option other than illegal or informal shelter
housing has exploitative with negative outcomes
homes are prone to natural and man-made disasters
housing areas often illegal:
not provided with formal basic infrastructure and services
piped water, electricity, waste water disposal and solid waste collection
because of this:
the poor end up paying two to five times as much for informal access to public goods and services than higher income groups Poverty of Money Poverty of Access Poverty of Power in terms of income and affordability
lack of money as a symptom of poverty no access to basic infrastructure and services
forced to live in illegal and informal settlements suffer from diseases associated with poor sanitation, lack of clean water, overcrowded and poorly ventilated living, and air pollution From the Global Development Research Center Poverty of Power the poor suffer the most from dysfunctions in cities, but they are the least able to influence how cities are governed
tend to exclude the poor from decision-making and tend to concentrate decision-making among a small number of formal and informal elite
governments that are more inclusive to the poor are more efficient but unfortunately not as popular
the poor also lack the proper information to do anything about some of their issues From the Global Development Research Center From the Global Development Research Center From the Global Development Research Center Poverty of Money, Access, and Power all work against the poor to keep them in their unfortunate cycle of life. World Hunger Hunger: three different definitions
"the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food"
"the want or scarcity of food in a country"
"a strong desire or craving" As a result of poverty, hunger inevitably follows. www.worldhunger.com As of 2011 World Hunger is the want or scarcity of food in a country on a global level
hunger and malnutrition are two separate things
malnutrition : the lack of necessary nutrients in a person's system From www.worldhunger.org If the World Were a Village of 100 Compare Lifestyles Church Teachings By Courtney Boler 1.2 billion people live on a dollar or less a day
Haiti, the poorest country in the world, has:
average meal size = 1 cup of rice
average number of meals = 1 per day
average home = plastic tent
average income = $10 per week
average education = none
these statistics clearly show the destructive cycle that poor people can get sucked in to
in comparison, here in the upper-middle class United States, we have
average meal size = 6 cups of rice
average number of meals = 3 per day plus 2-3 smaller "meals" throughout the day
average home = 2,700 square foot house
average income = $772 per week
average education = at least a high school level education Questions Church says that, "Hunger threatens not only people's lives but also their dignity"
lack of food breaks down the organism, generating apathy, a loss of a social sense, and indifference or even cruelty towards those who are weaker
through church teachings we also realize that starvation, which was once thought to be a natural occurrence, is a man made issue
the chief victims of this injustice = the poor
the first victims are always the weakest individuals: children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, the sick and the elderly
"About 700 million people in developing countries—20% of their population—still do not have access to enough food to meet their basic daily needs for nutritional well-being"
the cause of hunger is a moral evil
we must work together to foster the development of the common good (from the Catholic Catechism)
common good according to the Catechism = "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily" www.vatican.va The Poverty Cycle In developing countries:
people rely on the agriculture in most poor countries
if there is a bad harvest than they do not make money that season; then they do not have enough money in the off-season to remain healthy and fed; when the next harvest rolls around they either cannot harvest or do a poor job of harvesting
natural disasters also play a huge roll in their annual income the cycle is that people have no money
so they have no money to spend on the necessary things like : safe and clean housing
even if they wanted to do something about this, they have the least amount of power to do anything to change the way the system works Write down everything that you ate yesterday.
then talk to your neighbors about how many meals you usually eat a day and how different that is for other countries
Questions for Tomorrow:
1. Has there ever been a time when you doubted if you were going to eat that day?
2. How much food do you think that you waste?
3. What are some of the privileges, like food, that you may take for granted?
4. Do you think that it is the responsibility of the privileged to help those less fortunate?
5. Why do you think that poverty and hunger is such a problem even with more and more organizations trying to help with the cause? Moral Dilemma to a Well-Known Issue The real dilemma is what to do about the poor and hungry people.
Is it our responsibility to make sure everyone has food? The Church says yes. Do we believe that? Who is going to ensure that?
Are we obligated to give everyone the opportunity to go to school and get a job? As Americans we believe in equality, but how do we provide that?
Should we ensure that everyone has food on the table at night? Why shouldn't everyone have a meal?
We know it is wrong. What do we do about it?