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Transcript of Robert Frost
Matt Scolieri, and Shelby Wasil Robert Frost Writing Style and Impact The Tuft of Flowers Tree at my Window Now Close the Windows Discussion Questions Often influenced by nature
Poetry became increasingly depressing throughout his life
Used his poetry to analyze complex social problems and put them into common terms
Was one of the most well-known poets during his lifetime
He was the single most influential American poet Stanza One
Speaker = Frost
Frost is speaking to the tree outside his window, with whom he feels a connection with.
He refuses to close the curtain because he does not want to create a barrier.
The curtain is a physical barrier; however there will always be a spiritual connection with which he can rely on.
First line = mirror structure
The phrase of the third line continues into the fourth (enjambment), which is continued throughout the poem. Narrative poem
Published in A Boy's Will
Similar to "Mowing" Tree at my Window
Have you ever felt connected to nature or an inanimate object, and if so, how has it aided you in better understanding yourself?
The Tuft Of Flowers
Has something small ever lead you to see or understand a 'bigger picture'?
A Minor Bird
Have you ever experienced a situation in which you wanted to silence someone?
Now Close the Windows
Can one find wisdom, within one’s self? Without nature? http://kellyrfineman.blogspot.com/2010/04/tuft-of-flowers-and-mowing-by-robert.html
http://www.biography.com/people/robert-frost-20796091 Bibliography A Minor Bird Stanza Two
According to Frost, the tree's branches resemble a head and the sound of the leaves as they rustle in the wind creates a language that he will never understand.
This notion of the tree having a head and the ability to speak furthers Frost's feelings of companionship and allows readers to visualize the tree as a person, just as Frost does. Stanza Three
Frost compares himself and the tree, highlighting that both he and the tree are being "tossed and taken"
The tree is being tossed by storms.
Frost is being tossed by nightmares.
***Tree = physically storm tossed; Frost = metaphorically storm tossed.
The tree stands by Frost as he is being tormented by his nightmares, creating somewhat of a camaraderie between the two. Published in 1928 Stanza Four
Fate connects Frost and the tree.
Frost states that this is an imaginative fate because of their distinctive concerns with outer (Tree - storms) and inner (Frost - nightmares) weather.
Frost personifies fate and the tree. Tone
Frost begins the poem with a causal tone which intensifies as the poem continues.
It is evidenced by the tone in the last stanza that Frost is tormented yet takes solace in the fact that someone/something else feels similarly. Structure
Abba rhyme scheme
First three lines of each stanza = iambic tetrameter
Last line = loose iambic pentameter
Despite the fact that we may feel alone in the universe, tormented by the inner workings of our mind, we can, in fact, make connections and feel a sense of companionship with nature and other objects of the world. Consequently, nature can serve as an aid to understanding oneself. Published in 1915 Stanza 1 Now close the windows and hush all the fields;
If the trees must, let them silently toss;
No bird is singing now, and if there is,
Be it my loss. Rhyme Scheme Imagery Meter Tone Figurative Language Tone, Structure, and Meter Main Idea and Values Published in 1915 Summary Summary Summary Life and death
Optimism Familiar, sounds like a friend telling you a story
Toilsome and tired in the beginning, pessimistic
Tone shifts after encounter with butterfly
Becomes joyful and optimistic
Written in individual heroic couplets, meaning each pair of lines rhymes at the end
Iambic pentameter Elevated language makes the event seem more important
Personification of mower and butterfly
Synecdoche- refers to the scythe, meaning the whole mower
"on noiseless wing, a 'wildered butterfly" 1950-1963 Frost had cut the grass in the morning and is now making hay from the cuttings
This is a toilsome process and he is pessimistic about his work
The grass has dried and he goes to collect it for the hay
He is not using a modern mower, refers to it as the scythe Late History In 1958 Frost championed the release of Ezra Pound, who was held in a federal mental hospital. In 1961 Frost was asked to write and recite a poem for President John F. Kennedy's inauguration. In 1962 Frost visited the Soviet Union on a goodwill tour.
Congress awarded Frost with the Congressional Gold Medal. Rest In Peace Robert Lee Frost January 29th, 1963 Stanza 2 It will be long ere the marshes resume,
It will be long ere the earliest bird:
So close the windows and not hear the wind,
But see all wind-stirred. Symbolism Type of Poetry Rhythm Structure Watches a butterfly for a moment
It goes over to a lone flower that had not been cut by the mower
Appreciates the beauty of the flower
Frost also appreciates that the mower "spared" the flower for the insect Frost feels a kinship, sense of camaraderie with the mower
He is now joyful about his work and newfound partner, the mower
"'Men work together... whether they work together or apart.'" This line shows total turnaround of outlook on his task Early History Born in San Francisco, CA, on March 26, 1874
Father suffered from an alcohol and gambling addiction and died when Frost was twelve years old.
Frost, his mother, and his sister Jeanie move to Lawrence, MA.
He met his wife and co-valedictorian, Elinor White, in high school.
He attended Dartmouth College and Harvard University, but never finished his degree on either occasion. Early History Married his wife, Elinor, in 1895
Lived on a New Hampshire farm and taught English for nine years
Moved to Beaconsfield, England in 1912 and befriended many British poets
Published his first book of poetry, A Boy's Will, a year later
He moved back to New Hampshire in 1915 and began a triple career in lecturing and teaching at Amherst College, in addition to writing poetry
Population accumulated and he won three Pullitzer Prizes (1924, 1931, 1937) and eventually a fourth
His wife died in 1938 Later life 1938-1950 Frost experienced several tragedies: - His son Carol killed himself in 1940 - He suffered from depression - His daughter Irma was committed to a mental asylum in 1947 Frost often taught English at Middlebury College in Ripton, VT In 1940 he bought a winter home in South Miami, FL, which he used for the rest of his life. Published in 1928 in Frost's book of poetry, West Running Brook Lyrical poem - expresses Frost's emotions Summary Frost is thinking back to an event in which he shooed away a bird because he didn't like its song He realizes that he was wrong to do so As a result, he is filled with regret Speaker, voice, and tone Speaker - probably Frost - was strangely distressed by the bird's song Voice - regretful Tone - Frost views the bird as an innocent creature he wrongly lashed out at Diction and Syntax Diction - mostly simple language - the word "minor" in the title refers to the smallness of the bird's body and the way its song sounds - minor = "belonging to a type of musical scale that generally has a sad sound..." Syntax - the enjambment creates a hazy, memory-like effect. The speaker tacks on new thoughts when it seems like a few of the sentences should end. Imagery, similes,
and metaphors Lack of imagery contributes to the hazy memory effect The poem does not contain any similes The personification of the bird in lines 3 and 5 might mean that the bird is a metaphorical representation of someone in Frost's life ABCB end rhyme scheme. Fields, trees, and birds are recurring images in this poem.
The simple idea of nature is forever present in this poem as well, because of these images. The poem contains loose iambic pentameter with an ending iambic diameter of each stanza.
The short endings of the poem emphasize the words present there. Rhyme scheme, sound devices, and meter The tone is solemn.
It is a preparation for winter. Rhyme scheme is aa bb cc dd. Each couplet rhymes. There are a few examples of alliteration within lines, such as hands/him (line 3), bird/blame (6), and silence/song (8). There is not much of a set meter - makes the poem sound more conversational Main Idea Frost sees that even though he did not like the bird's singing, it was wrong to lash out and try to silence it When viewed in light of the personification of the bird, this could also mean that we shouldn't try to silence others just because we do not want to hear what they are saying The connection between the windows and the outside world is both literal and abstract.
The home is also a symbol for the speaker, himself. This is an example of lyric poetry. The repeated phrase “It will be long ere the…” creates rhythm in the second stanza. The beginning stanza sets the scene of the poem.
The second stanza discusses the length of time until winter will be over. Personal Experience Main Idea Tone and Structure I selected this poem because I truly felt Frost’s own feelings while reading this poem. Main Idea Frost is telling the reader to barricade oneself from the outside world.
The act of closing the windows, or Frost putting up a physical barrier between himself and nature, is the main idea of the poem. Theme The main theme appears when we delve deep inside ourselves and block the outer world out.
A secondary theme is adjusting to a change in one’s environment.