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Transcript of Berlin Wall
How it began
Too many citizens from East Berlin were migrating to West Berlin
East Berlin lost many talented workers.
Nikita Khrushchev hatred towards capitalism.
What is Berlin Wall
The New Leader of Soviet Union
By: Dinda, Nindira, Rizky, Timotius
Berlin wall (Berliner Mauer in German) is a huge concreten barrier that separate East and West Berlin.
August 13, 1961
It was 12ft high and 4ft wide.
The Fall of Berlin Wall
Condition during Berlin Wall
“stuck like a bone in the Soviet throat,” Nikita Khrushchev
Blockade and Crisis
1948, a Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city
United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air.
This effort, known as the Berlin Airlift
The wall caused a short-term crisis in U.S.-Soviet bloc relations, and the wall itself came to symbolize the Cold War.
Nikita Khrushchev gave the East German government permission to stop the flow of emigrants by closing its border for good
East Germany's Government Action
In just two weeks, they had completed dividing East and West Berlin using barbed wire.
The construction of the Berlin Wall did stop the flood of refugees from East to West, but it did defuse the crisis over Berlin
United States' response against the wall
“A wall is a hell of a lot better than a war.” - President John F. Kennedy
Over time, East German officials replaced the barbed wire with wall that was sturdier.
A 12-foot-tall, 4-foot-wide mass of reinforced concrete, made climbing imposibble.
at least 171 people were killed trying to get over, under or around the Berlin Wall
President Reagan's Famous Speech
Slogans for Gorbachev's economic and political Reform
Some of the musician wrote songs about Berlin Wall like “Nikita” by Elton John. The song is about Nikita Krushchev, the man who ordered the wall’s construction in the first place.
People from the East Germany decided to like West much more than the communist
Wast German and Soviet realized that almost no one believe in communism
The first soviet leader who ended the Russian empire.
Elected in 1985
He immediately saw the need for reform and would restructure the government and give the Soviet people freedoms they had long been denied.
Allowing Berlin wall to fall to avoid World War 3
Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom. 2014. Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom. [ONLINE] Available at: http://gulaghistory.org/nps/onlineexhibit/after/fall.php. [Accessed 16 November 2014].
orbachev: Allowing Berlin Wall to Fall Avoided World War III - ABC News. 2014. Gorbachev: Allowing Berlin Wall to Fall Avoided World War III - ABC News. [ONLINE] Available at: http://abcnews.go.com/International/BerlinWall/gorbachev-allowing-berlin-wall-fall-avoided-world-war/story?id=9014910. [Accessed 16 November 2014].
Berlin Wall - Cold War - HISTORY.com. 2014. Berlin Wall - Cold War - HISTORY.com. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/berlin-wall. [Accessed 16 November 2014].
History of the Berlin Wall: Why the Wall was built up. 2014. History of the Berlin Wall: Why the Wall was built up. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.dailysoft.com/berlinwall/history/why-the-berlinwall-was-built.htm. [Accessed 16 November 2014].
The construction of the Berlin Wall - Berlin.de. 2014. The construction of the Berlin Wall - Berlin.de. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.berlin.de/mauer/geschichte/index.en.html. [Accessed 16 November 2014].
Perestroika - Reconstruction
Glasnost - Openness
East German's people live in terror and fear during the Berlin Wall
East German's people always tried to create an escape plan.
November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall falls
After the announcement made by the West that East is going to open the wall.
The guards were ordered to open the Wall and on November 9, 1989 thousand of East Berliners crossed the wall and into West Berlin