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The Grapes Of Wrath: Biblical Allusions
Transcript of The Grapes Of Wrath: Biblical Allusions
He can be compared to Moses
Killed a man, returned after a long time to lead his people
Younger brother (Al/Aaron)
Hears evil things about promised land on the journey but continues on
Parallel is not worked out completely
Tom Joad Rose of Sharon is a flower, mentioned in the Bible
Character parallel to the Virgin Mary
Pietà: a famous motif in which the Virgin Mary holds the dead Christ in her lap
Figure of maternal love, comfort, protection from suffering
Her child has been sacrificed to send a larger message to the world
Rose of Sharon Casy was a former preacher
He was killed by wood
He has the same initials as Jesus Christ
He embarked on a journey after a long period of meditation
He led people on the journey to a new land
He questioned the established religion
"There ain't no sin and there ain't no virtue: there's just stuff people do"
He sacrificed himself for his beliefs/cause
"Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing"
"You don't know what you're a-doin" Book of Job Apostles Symbols + Themes "Strength can be achieved through a selfless unity of the entire community" (Hunter 38). Rose of Sharon's Baby "The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground" (Genesis 2:7 a)
The dust bowl tested the willpower of man; only the real men survived the hard times
The challenges and hardships that the dust imposed revealed the strong men, thus "forming the man from the dust of the ground"
Dust/Land Rose of Sharon delivered a still-born baby
Uncle John was sent to bury it, instead he floated the child down a river
This recalls Moses being sent down the Nile as a child
The Joads, like the Hebrews in Egypt, will be saved from their current situations
The child will be a leader and savior and will bring hope to many people. The Garden of Eden is exhibited through the character of Grandpa
Eve eating the apple from the tree caused the Fall of Man at the Garden of Eden, as well as the suffering and punishment that was to come
The parting of eternal life and the entering into spiritual death directly relates to Adam and Eve, as well as Grandpa
"Grandpa didn't die tonight. He died the minute you took 'im off the place"
Adam and Eve's spiritual death occurred when they departed the garden, just as Grandpa's occurred when he left the farmland The flood that occurs in the last chapter of the book relates to the biblical passage regarding Noah's Arc and the flood
Packing of the car/Building of the arc
Stories end with massive floods that sink the car and the arc "The waters flooded the earth for a hundred and fifty days" (Genesis 7:24)
Both floods brought back life/ preserved the life of the lands The Joad family represented the 12 apostles, all under the leadership of Jim Casy, or Jesus Christ
Had only 12 apostles but thousands of disciples
Under the leadership of Jim Casy, the Joad family migrated across the United States on their jouney for a better life Parallel of the Hebrews that journeyed to the Promised Lands as the Joads journeyed to the promising lands of California
Both the Hebrews and the Joads were faced with oppression in their homelands, so they had to migrate to find a better life
Constantly faced with challenges and hardships along the migration
Both were led by parallel leader figures: Moses and Tom Joad
Joad Family is a direct comparison to the 18th book of the Old Testament, Job
Faith is tested through struggle
Job and the Joads have to deal with drastic loss and changes to their lives, but their faith stays strong throughout.
They survive off their human spirit