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The Road to Independence - American Revolution
Transcript of The Road to Independence - American Revolution
The Colonies vs. Britain
Colonists Have Had Enough!
Treaty of Paris...1783
After the Boston Tea Party in 1773, Britain reacted by closing the Boston Harbor. This was the most prosperous harbor in the colonies - many lost their jobs and were angry with the British.
"Intolerable Acts" 1774 - the Boston Harbor was closed.
This made the colonists feel as though Britain wanted them to fail as a colony. The colonists believed that it was time to take action...
Minutemen were organized by the Patriots.
- these were militia men ready to fight at a moments notice.
The Quebec Act of 1774 was made by the British and stated that the territory of Quebec would be expanded into the Ohio Valley and all the way to Labrador....
This meant that Quebec got:
Remember the Ohio Valley???
The War of Independence began in 1775
July 4, 1776 Colonists declared independence from Britain.
The war lasted until 1783
Americans asked Quebec to join them, but they refused.
What did the Americans do next? They tried to invade Quebec!
They attacked in winter, and lost the battle to the French and British.
Declaration of Independence
Was Everyone Anti-Britain?
Britain recognized American independence
Ohio Valley region was under control of the Americans...Finally
Americans could fish in the waters near Quebec and other British colonies
British troops were given the boot out of the USA
Loyalists were not regarded as the enemy anymore and their possessions were to be returned.
* More land
* Council appointed to govern expanded territory
* French Roman Catholics are allowed to be a part of the council (government)
What about the 13 colonies???
Loyalists - this group of people still sided with the King [Long Live the King!]
Advantages to siding with Britain: Defence & Trade.
Opposed war because of religious and moral reasons.
Patriots - They believed that everyone should be against the British. They considered the Loyalists to be the enemy.
They would tar and feather suspect Loyalists.
Persecution became brutal after war broke out. "Many Loyalists were robbed of their money, land, furniture, and livestock and were driven from their homes. Some were attacked brutally by armed mobs."
p. 140 Close-Up Canada
The loyalists had to leave, those who could afford it fled to Britain, the others went North to Canada. The British government had offered free land to loyalists in Quebec and Nova Scotia. (these territories included what is now Ontario, NB & PEI)
1759 - 1783 was a period of many changes for North America
*New France became Quebec, now a colony of Britain
*A new country had been created: United States of America
*Quebec had refused to help the Americans in their fight for independence.
*2 nations are emerging and this is the beginning of Canada-US relations