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The Unification of Germany Part 1

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Elisabetta Paoli

on 30 September 2015

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Transcript of The Unification of Germany Part 1

The Unification of Germany
Part 1 (p. 141, p.148-157)

The 1848 revolutions
Why did they fail? p. 149
.
revolutionaries deeply .....
Frankfurt parliament had no ...., nor ...., nor .....
old rulers launched ...... with loyal support from .....
What were the results of the Revolutions? p.150
liberal constitutions .......
censorship ......
BUT
.......... WERE ABOLISHED
almost all states had ............... and ............
measures to help ............ and .......... were introduced.

Developments in Prussia 1849-62
T
HE PRUSSIAN UNION PLAN p. 150
1. Although King Fedrick William refused the Imperial crown offered by ..... , he was ready to become the head of Germany if he had...
2. In 1849 .... proposed the Prussian Union Plan called ..... excluding Austria and under the leadership of .....
3. Austrian Chief Minister .... found the plan unacceptable but postponed the matter because of Austria's problems within .....
4. At Erfurt in March1850, 28 German states agreed to the creation of the Prussian dominated ....... .
5. Schwarzenberg, having suppressed the .... revolt was ready to re-assert Austria's position.
6. He summoned the Diet of the Confederation in ..... . In May 1850 there were 2 German assemblies: ....... and ......
Prussia's CONSERVATIVE and REACTIONARYchief minister Otto von Mantueffel
William I of Prussia, Emperor of the German Reich
Otto von Bismarck
Chancellor of the New German Empire (Reich)
What factors helped Bismarck p.155-57)
How United was Germany in 1815?
Difficulties for a united Germany p. 141
Politically divided
..... and ...... were rivals
Cultural difference between ...... and .....
Economic differences between ..... and ....
German states 1815
William I - and Constitutional crisis
1. Conservative but believed in the rule ....
2. Dismissed Manteuffel and replaced him with ministry of .... and ...... .
3. In 1858 elections moderate liberals won small ... in Parliament.
4. William wanted to strengthen .... .
5. The Minister of ...., General von Roon, introduced bill to .... army, increase ...., reduce role of ..... .
6. Parliament against: ..... and ...... because feared army wld become ......
7. Army reform bill led to : ......
8. Newly elected Parliament wld not ...
May 1862 elections victory for .....
BISMARCK as Chief Minister
1. Long term strategy: ..... and .... to .....
2. REALPOLITIK = ....
3. Bismarck's realpolitik =
4. p. 155 Bismarck's aims in 1862:
initially unity of ....
loyal to .... not to the .... people
great issues decided by .... rather than ...
Prussian leadership in Germany ...
Wanted to end Austrian leadership in the Confederation by diplomatic solution.
The capitulation at Olmutz November 1850
1. In the state of Hesse-Cassel there was an ..... .
2. ..... troops to repress the revolt were sent by ....... . The Erfurt Parliament also sent ..... troops. Not to risk an armed conflict Prussia withdrew its troops.
3. At .... in November 1850 Federick William agreed to abolish the ..... .
4. Schwarzenberg proposed an Austrian ..... incorporating .... . The proposal was rejected .
5. In May 1851 the ..... was restored and Austrian supremacy in Germany was re-established. The Prussians considered this capitulation a humiliation, Austria was an obstacle to a Prussian dominated united Germany.
Germany's economic development pre-1850
p. 148 Economic developments encouraged German Unity

1.The ZOLLVEREIN
economic unit of ..... states
...... were abolished
common system of .........
= formation of a .....
Prussia = ..................

2. Industrialisation
growth of industrialisation and urbanisation ........
Middle class supported ........
Prussian political situation and economic development in the 1850's-p.151-152
1. Prussia's government in the 1850's was led by ultra conservative chief minister: ...
2. Prussia was politically reactionary, socially .... and economically ..... .
3. Development of the Zollverein.
4. Austria's chief Minister, Schwarzenberg, proposed to establish a .... between ... and Prussia. This plan failed.
5. So Prussia dominated the ..... of the German states and Austria had the .... leadership of the Confederation.
6. Prussia avoided military conflict, did not take part in the ..... war.
1. 3 short wars: ....., .... and .....
2. Great improvements in Prussian Army thanks to War Minister ... . Railways were important to .....
3.Economic growth = .... to fight .... and ..... . Key industrialist: .... who ...... .
4. The Zollverein made Prussia have ...... in Germany, however to ..... , the German states supported Austria.
5. Germans had little interest in .... but the middle class supported .... . Fears of French .... . Popular nationalism stronger in .....
6. Prussia second-rate power .'. did not arouse ...
Britain: non-interventionist policy in ..., Russia
concerned with ......, Austria's ........ and had
great economic difficulties so ...
Prussia's Economic Boom p. 156
1. Zollverein allowed exdchange of goods aong the German states
2. Prussia had a good ..... system
3. Had plentiful supplies of .....
4. Had a good system of ....
5. Individuals like ....
terms of The Punctation of Olmütz, The Agreement of Olmütz,
- Abolition of Erfurt Union, Prussia gave up claim to German leadership,accepted Austrian leadership of the Confederation, agreed to demobilise,
Full transcript