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Transcript of England
Official Language: English
National day: April, 23rd
Population: 49.561.800 (2002)
Capital City of England: London
Major Cities: Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield
Main Religions: Church of England (Anglican), Catholic, Methodist, Muslim, Jewish, Sikh and Hindu
Official Animal: Lion RELIGION The official religion of England is Christianity, as practiced by the
Church of England (Anglican).
The Anglican Church is the one that isn't subordinated to the Pope.
Today the Church of England is both catholic and reformed.
Catholic is the apostolic church.
Reformed is based in the Protestant Reformation (non-subordinated
to the Pope). GOVERNMENT There is no government or parliament just for England.
The British government runs the UK. The leader of the government is
the Prime Minister.
Parliament is made up of three parts: The Queen: The official Head of State. (The Queen only rules symbolically). The House of Lords: 675 members. Them main job are to 'double check' new laws to make sure they are fair and will work. The House of Commons: 659 members. The
Commons is the most important place for discussing policies and making laws. Each Member of Parliament represents one of 659 areas in the UK and is a member of a political
party. CULTURE "We celebrate the diversity in our country, get strength from the cultures and the races that go to make up Britain today." EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM Holidays January: June:
1st: New year’s day Trooping the Colours
5th: Twelfth Night
February: Swan Upping
2nd: Candlemas Day
14th: Valentine’s Day August:
Notting Hill Carnival
Shrove Tuesday September:
Lent (Quaresma) Harvest Festival
Maundy Thursday October:
Easter (Páscoa) 31st: Halloween
1st: April Fool’s Day 5th: Bonfire Night
23rd: St. Georges Day (England) 11th: Remembrance Day
1st: May Day Advent
26th: Boxing Day CULTURE Currency: The currency used is POUND. But some stores accept EURO.
From March until May spring will have arrived, there is a good chance of fine weather. Some tourist attraction don't open until Easter weekend.
June through to September is the peak summer period. Gardens will be in full
bloom, the evenings long and the warm days just right for wandering around.
October and November are the months when autumn sets in. The leaves on the
trees change to all shades of brown and orange.
December through to February is the winter period.
Manners: The British are said to be reserved in manners, dress and speech. They are famous for them politeness, self-discipline and especially for them sense of humour.
Communications: CULTURE Curiosity Public Conveniences – Toilets
The most common names heard in the street are 'toilet; and
'ladies and gents'.
The word bathroom to them means a room with a bath.
If you do ask for a restroom people will just look confused.
Public toilets should be provided in all pubs, restaurants and
It is considered bad manners to use a pub or restaurants' facilities
if you are not a customer.
The vast majority of public toilets are free, although in major
tourist areas such as London you will probably have to pay about 20 pence. Famous Buildings and landmarks Traditional London Food Pie and mash are traditional food in London. The pie was filling with eels, but today they use minced beef. Vegetarian Food Vegetarianism is an accepted part of London's restaurant scene and most places offer at least a couple of dishes for those who don't eat meat. Take-Away Food Pies are becoming a popular take-way food. Tea and Coffee The tea is usually black, served with cream, lemon or sugar. Tea with cream: British habit from 17th century. They used a delicate porcelain, so, to the cup don't brake because of the black tea, they added the cream. Tea with lemon: Russian habit to flavoring the freshly brewed tea. It was introduced to the Western in the19th century by Queen Victoria. Tea with sugar/honey: Sugar, honey, and even raspberry jam have been used for centuries to sweeten tea. Coffee: Coffee has been drunk in London since the 17th century, when coffee houses were hotbeds of political discussions and debate. Now-a-days American-style bars such as Starbucks are everywhere. LIVERPOOL Localized on Merseyside.
Habitants of Liverpool are referred to as Liverpudlians but are also
colloquially known as "Scousers", in reference to the local dish known as "scouse", a form of stew.
Labelled the World Capital City of Pop by Guinness World Records.
The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007. Landmarks Royal Liver Building West Tower St. George's Hall Cunard Building Albert Dock Bluecoat Chambers Victoria Street Liverpool Cathedral Transport Road Links: As a major city, Liverpool has direct road links with many other areas within England. Rail Links: The local rail network is the Liverpool Lime Street Station and It's managed and run by Merseyrail and provides links throughout Merseyside. Port: The Port of Liverpool is one of Britain's largest ports, providing passenger ferry services across the Irish Sea to Belfast, Dublin and the Isle of Man. Airport: Liverpool John Lennon Airport provides Liverpool with direct air connections across the United Kingdom and Europe. Tradicional Liverpool Food Scouse is a type of lamb or beef stew. The word comes from lobscouse or labskaus, a stew commonly eaten by sailors throughout Northern Europe, which became popular in seaports such as Liverpool. MANCHESTER Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England.
Is the most visited city in England outside London. Landmarks Beetham Tower Hilton Hotel The Green Building Manchester Town Hall Transport Manchester Airport Manchester Picadilly
Station Manchester Metrolink Traditional Manchester Food Bury Black Puddin Eccles Cake Lancashire Hot Pot Tart MUSIC London Rock band formed in 1964 by Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend, John Entwistle, and Keith Moon.
They became known for energetic live performances which often included instrument destruction. English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975.
They were responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United
The Sex Pistols originally comprised vocalist Johnny Rotten, guitarist
Steve Jones, drummer Paul Cook and bassist Glen Matlock.
Matlock was replaced by Sid Vicious in early 1977. Liverpool MUSIC The Beatles are one of the most famous English bands of rock.
They were formed in the 60’s.
The group's best-known lineup consisted of John Lennon, Paul
McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Manchester MUSIC Oasis were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1991.
Originally known as The Rain, the group was formed by Liam Gallagher,
Paul "Bonehead" Arthurs, Paul "Guigsy" McGuigan and Tony McCarroll, who were soon joined by Liam's older brother Noel Gallagher. BOOKS Harry Potter - J. K. Rolling Is a series of seven fantasy novels written by the British author J. K. Rowling. The books chronicle the adventures of a wizard, Harry Potter, and his friends Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger, all of whom are students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Sherlock Holmes – Sir Artur Conan Doyle Sherlock Holmes is famous for his astute logical reasoning, his ability to adopt almost any disguise, and his use of forensic science skills to solve difficult cases. Watson describes Holmes as "bohemian" in habits and lifestyle.
According to Watson, Holmes is an eccentric, with no regard for contemporary
standards of tidiness or good order. Watson is intelligent, if lacking in Holmes's insight, he serves as a
perfect foil for Holmes: the archetypal late Victorian / Edwardian gentleman against the brilliant, emotionally-detached analytical machine. Romeo and Juliet - William Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two young lovers
whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during
his lifetime. Pride and Prejudice – Jane Austen The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners, morality, education, and marriage in the society of the landed gentry of early 19th-century England. WEDDING TRADITIONS The wedding day: It is unlucky for the groom to see the bride on the wedding day before the service.
Traditionally the bride wears a white dress and the groom wears a suit (top hat and tails).
The bride may be attended by bridesmaids and pageboys.
The groom and the bride say their vows.
They give each other rings. They sign a wedding register.
After the wedding ceremony guests are invited to attend a meal and further celebrations. This is known as
the Wedding Reception.
Guests leave presents for the bride and groom on a table in the room where the reception takes place.
It is traditional for the Best Man, Brides Father and the Groom to give a speech at the wedding reception. Wedding cake: Two or more tiers - each tier may be made of a different type of cake to satisfy
the tastes of all your wedding guests. Interesting fact: Centuries ago it was customary for the Bride and Bridegroom to drink mead made from honey, for a month after
the wedding. A month was known as a moon, hence honeymoon. Wedding Superstitions: Bride and groom must not meet on the day of the wedding, except at the altar.
The bride should never wear her complete wedding clothes before the day.
For good luck the bride should wear “something borrowed, something blue, something old and
The husband should carry his new wife over the threshold of their home.