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Individualism vs Collectivism
Transcript of Individualism vs Collectivism
Presented by: Christie Park, Grace Latina & Abhishikta John
Canada is currently considered to be a mixture of both individualistic and collectivist ideologies.
i.e) private ownership, market economy, government intervention, universal healthcare, welfare and subsidies.
The Soviet Union
Quite commonly known as an individualistic society, the citizens of the United States have stood up for what they believe in without the fear of any government intervention. This is due to the fact that the citizens of the USA quite firmly believe in the concept of individual rights and freedom. Such principles have been linked back in US history to be taken from philosophers and thinkers like John Locke and Adam Smith.
What is an Ideology?
Ideology is a belief system often based on politics, economics and social system; a set of beliefs, values, principles, doctrine, and opinions that shapes the way an individual or a group thinks, acts, see and interpret the world around them (perspective).
i.e) human nature, structure of society and a vision for the future.
a political, social or economic outlook that values the idea of equality and working cooperatively together to achieve group goals for the common good of the people rather than focusing on the goals of any one individual; usually under the supervision of the government.
Characteristics of Collectivism
Social economic Equality over Social independence
Individuals self interest is overlooked
Thomas Hobbes, Karl Marx
a belief in the importance of individuals rights and freedom and personal independence that does not involve government action/intervention.
Characteristics of Individualism
Liberalism and freedom
values individuals rights and freedom
Independence rather than cooperation
competition; competitive market
John Locke and Adam Smith
The soviet Union was an ultra-nationalistic that supported the idea of collectivism and communism. Although they believed in cooperation for the common good of the people, they used dictatorship to control every aspect of the lives of individuals (Stalin).
Stalin, the leader of the soviet Union used propaganda to blind his people from the truth. Dictatorship was huge in Russia. It controlled every aspect of people's lives. This shows the absence of the rights and freedoms of the individuals.
Stalin's unachievable "5 year plan" led to starvation and many deaths of the people.
The Soviets were a collectivist which involved in working together but they used dictatorship that neglected individuals equality. (Communism)
North Korea is well-known for its strong dictatorship
The DPR(Democratic People's Republic of Korea) is a genuine workers state that completely liberates people from exploitation and oppression (socialist state).
Son of Kim Jong-Il, Kim Jong-un not only takes his fathers supreme leadership but he takes it to the next level.
There were plethora of disastrous crisis that took place in NK. Due to starvation, some parents actually eat their own children.
All the money in North Korea is spent towards the military, building weapons and expanding the army.
Every individuals need to work in order to live. There is no welfare in North Korea.
What influences someone to accept or reject an ideology?
There are multiple factors that influences an individual's response to another ideology. These factors include:
- Relationship to the land
The spread of ideas from the Renaissance and Enlightenment encouraged a more individualistic perspective socially, politically, and economically. Citizens began to get rid of collectivist thinking (identifying themselves based on their occupation or class in the hierarchy) and started to gain interest in the idea of freedom, liberty, rights and the importance of their individual contributions (French Revolution), eventually leading to democracy and capitalism.
United States cont...
"Since childhood, Americans are encouraged to see themselves
as individuals responsible for their own destiny, not as a member
of any collective group. Many Americans believe that the ideal
person is am autonomous, self reliant individual.
[....] Americans have a desire for personal success, both social
and economic...Achievement is a dominant motivation in American
life and this can lead to not - so - friendly competition."
--- (pg.88) Source: University of Pennsylvania's
International Student and Scholar