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Mythology Exam

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Emily Hartdegen

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Mythology Exam

Mythology by Emily Hartdegen Phrases and words Greek mythology plays a major role in the modern world. Businesses The End Music and Movies So why should you care? Movies, musicians, and businesses today have drawn inspiration from the ancient, but not forgotten, gods and goddesses. Achilles Achilles was destined to die young; his mother dipped him in the river Styx to make him invincible. She held him by the heel while dunking him in the river, leaving his heel vulnerable. Achilles would later die in battle from an arrow to the heel. Achilles heel An Achilles heel is a persons weak spot; a small but fatal weakness; a vulnerable area. Hercules Hera decided to torture Hercules by driving him insane. Confused and angry, he killed his wife and children. When he returned to a logical state, Hercules was appalled by his actions. Hercules was sentenced by Apollo to serve Eurystheus for twelve years as punishment for the murders. As part of his sentence, Hercules had to perform twelve Labors, feats so difficult that they seemed impossible. Chaos In the beginning, there was Chaos as a primeval state of existence. Chaos was the primal emptiness- a dark, silent, formless and infinite oddity with no trace of life.
Out of Chaos, Mother Earth, the Underworld, Eros, silence, night, atmosphere and day were all created.

Gaia and Uranus then created the titans, one of which was Cronus. Gaia and Uranus warned Cronus that a son of his would one day overpower him. Cronus swallowed his numerous children to keep that forecast from taking place. Zeus was spared this fate by Gaia. As an adult Zeus found Cronus, defeated him, and freed his siblings. Zeus triumphed over not only his father, and his father's family of Giants, he triumphed over his brothers and sisters as well. Zeus then divided up the universe as he fancied, in short, bringing order out of Chaos. Phobos Deimos was the god of fear, dread and terror, and his twin-brother Phobos of panic fear, flight and battlefield rout. They were sons of the god Ares, who accompanied their father into battle, driving his chariot and spreading fear in their wake. Fury The Furies were three sisters that would peruse anyone with bloodstained hands. They can be seen as the "avengers" of crimes. Some believe the furies represented ones guilty conscious. Herculean Effort A Herculean effort is any strenuous task or mighty try; used to complete a difficult or impossible task. Chaos Chaos is extreme disorder and confusion; lack of order Phobia A phobia is an intense or irrational fear Fury Fury is intense, uncontrollable anger; unrestrained violent anger, rage or passion. Icarus , Icarus and his father Daedalus were trapped in a maze in Greece. Daedalus created wings made of wax and feathers that they could use to fly out of imprisonment, but he warned his son not to fly too close to the sun. Icarus ignored his father’s warning and flew as high as he could. The sun melted his wings, causing him to fall and drown in the ocean. Iron Maiden: Flight of Icarus Mermaids The earliest known mermaid legends come from Syria around 1000 B.C. Later tales in the mythology of mermaids stem from Homer's epic "The Odyssey", where the Sirens were in mermaid form. In these myths, mermaids would sing to men on ships or shores nearby, practically hypnotizing them with their beauty and song. Other tales suggest that mermaids either forgot, or didn't understand, that humans could not breathe underwater, and they would pull them down into the depths of the sea, accidentally drowning them in the process. The Little Mermaid Nike Pandora Venus Nike is the winged goddess of victory in battle and competition. She is known for her speed. Nike Athletic Brand Nike sells athletic apparel, equipment and accessories that promote success. Pandora was the first woman on Earth. She was created by Gods; each one of them gave her a gift. Her name in Greek means “the one who bears all gifts”. Pandora was created as a punishment to mankind and she was shaped perfectly from clay, Aphrodite gave her femininity and Athena taught her crafts and Hermes taught her to be deceitful, stubborn and curious. Pandora was given a box that contained special gifts from the Gods, but she was not allowed to open the box ever. Pandora was trying to tame her curiosity, but she could not hold herself; she opened the box and all the illnesses and hardships that gods had hidden in the box emerged. She was faced with famine, drought and other earthly curses. Pandora was scared and tried to close the box as fast as possible, closing Hope inside. The name Pandora means "all gifted" in Greek. In ancient Greek mythology, Pandora received many gifts from the gods, including the gift of music, from Apollo. She was also, as we all know, very curious. Unlike those gods of old, however, we celebrate that virtue and have made it our mission to reward the musically curious among us with a never-ending experience of music discovery. Pandora's Slogan Aphrodite (Venus) was the great Olympian goddess of beauty, love, pleasure and procreation. She was depicted as a beautiful woman usually accompanied by the winged godling Eros. Venus markets the idea that if you use their razors, you will be as beautiful and desired and the goddess Venus Venus Razors The little mermaid in "The Little Mermaid" By Hans Christian Andersen resembles ancient myths. She is portrayed as beautiful and has a charming voice. One day, the mermaid sees a ship caught in a storm and is enthralled with a prince on board. When the ship crashes, the mermaid is excited because the prince will soon be with her in the water. Only when she approaches the drowning prince does she recall that humans cannot breathe underwater and she is forced to save him. The story then goes on to tell that the mermaid returns the prince to the shore and longs to see him again. She sells her voice to a witch in return for human legs. The witch grants her wish, but the mermaid must win the prince’s love or she will lose her life and soul. Despite the mermaid’s efforts, the prince marries a human and the mermaid’s soul must spend the next 300 years helping humans. Mythology was more than just stories to ancient people. Yes, myths explained phenomenon that couldn't yet be explained with logic or science, but their gods and goddesses were more than just answers. Greek and Roman deities were integrated into every aspect of daily life. You should care because... We can learn more than stories from these ancient people. Think about what our world would be like if we were constantly immersed in our religion. Picture America if we saw God in everything. Or if we turned to God to answer all our questions. Or if we understood both tragedy and success as his will. If people look back on our society in 2,000 years, will we be defined by our religion? Will they even know who our God is? We should care because... We should care because...
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