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THE SPACE RACE
Transcript of THE SPACE RACE
Started in the 1950s
a dramatic competition between the United States and The Soviet Union
designed to prove the superiority of each super power's technology by trying to out do each other in space exploration
The Cold War
The Cold War was a 'war' without fighting
the US attempted to contain communism, the economic system of the USSR, while we governed under capitalism
thus, it was a war over ideological differences
Many believe the Space Race to be an extension of the Cold War
the Space Race only added to the competition between communism (USSR) and capitalism (USA) that happened during the Cold War
They tried to 'outdo' one another in their technological advancements
this would prove that their economic system was better than the other
1. Who were the major "competitors" in the so-called Space Race?
2.Who launched the first satellite into the earth's orbit?
3. What is the name of the first space probe to land on the moon?
4. What caused a major setback for the the USSR? (you can be general here)
5. What were the names of 2 of the 3 mentioned programs that aided in space exploration?
6. What was the name of the team that won the space race for the US?
"What Was the Space Race?"
WiseGEEK. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
"The Space Race." History.com. A&E Television
Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
What is it?
The Cold War &
The Space Race
As the Cold War was heating up, both the USSR and the USA made attempts to advance their technology in order to help them to win in the space race and to prove their power
The Soviet Union
The United States
On October 4, 1957, the USSR launched into space the first 'artificial' satellite, named Sputnik
It was the first man-made object to be forced into the earth's orbit. Thus, it was a major victory for the USSR.
In 1959, they launched Luna 2, which was the first space probe to land on the moon.
April 1951, Soviet Yuri Gagarin became the first man to orbit the earth as he was in the Vostok 1
A major set back for the Soviets was the death of their chief engineer, Sergey Korolyov. This resulted in a major slow-down in the progression of their space program.
After being taken aback by the USSR space technology, the Us launched its own satellite in 1958, named Explorer I
Under President Eisenhower, we created a program dedicated to space exploration called the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
we also created two space programs that were designed for national security; they were the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Air Force.
May 1961, Alan Shepard was launched into space
1962, John Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth
There were many setbacks, one was when American astronauts were working on Apollo and 3 men were killed when it set fire.
December 1968, Apollo 8 was launched and became the first space mission team to orbit the moon.
July 16 1969, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins left with Apollo 11 and four days later became the first men to walk on the moon. Apollo
Thus, the US technology outdid that of the USSR and the United States was victorious in the so-called SPACE RACE.