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الفن في العصر الفرعوني

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dejwar ali

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of الفن في العصر الفرعوني

ﺔﻣﺪﻘﻣ
ﺔﻳﻭﺍﺮﺤﺻ ﺎﺿﺭﺍ ﻖﺸﻳ ﻪﻫﺎﻴﻤﺑ ﻞﻴﻨﻟﺍ ﺮﻬﻨﻓ , ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻤﻤﺑ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺘﻤﺗ
ﺀﺍﺮﻀﺨﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﻻﺍ ﺪﺠﻧ ﺮﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻣ ﻪﻴﻟﺍ ﻞﺼﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍﻭ , ﺏﺮﻐﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻕﺮﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻉﺎﻔﺗﺭﻻﺍ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻂﻴﺤﺗ
. ﻥﺍﻮﻴﺣ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺠﺷﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺗﺎﺒﻧ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺎﻤﺑ
. ﻑﺎﻔﺟ ﻦﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻒﺼﺘﺗ ﺎﻣﻭ ﺀﺍﺮﻔﺼﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﺭ , ﺓﺮﻀﺨﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺀﺍﺭﻭ ﻭ
, ﺔﻘﻄﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﺴﻟ ﺮﻴﺧ ﺭﺪﺼﻣ ﻞﻴﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺪﻘﻠﻓ . ﻞﻴﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﻫ ﺎﻬﻧﺄﺑ ﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻴﺨﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ "ﺕﻭﺩﻭﺮﻴﻫ" ﺔﻤﻠﻛ ﺖﻘﻠﻄﻧﺍ ﺎﻨﻫ ﻦﻣﻭ
, ﻞﻴﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻀﻓ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻤﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﺗﺎﻴﺣ ﻊﻗﺍﻮﺑ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻫﺍ ﺪﻗﻭ , ﺎﻫﺮﻫﺯ ﻭ ﺎﻫﺮﻤﺛ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺤﻤﻘﺑ ﻯﺬﻐﺘﺗ ﻯﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﻮﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺔﻀﻴﻓ ﻦﻤﻓ
ﺎﻬﻣﺍﺪﻗﺃ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺽﺭﻻﺍ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ ﺎﻴﻧﺪﻠﻟ ﺍﺰﻣﺭ )ﺭﻮﺗﺎﻫ ( ﺓﺮﻘﺒﻟﺍ ﺖﻧﺎﻜﻓ ﻥﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺽﺭﻻﺍ ﺱﺪﻗ ﻞﺑﻭ , ﺔﻋﺍﺭﺰﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺔﻋﺍﺭﺰﻟﺎﺑ ﻢﺘﻫﺎﻓ
, ﺐﻴﺗﺭ ﻱﻮﻨﺳ ﻥﺎﻀﻴﻓ ﻦﻣ : ﺎﻫﺰﻴﻤﻳﻭ ﺎﻬﻤﻜﺤﻳ ﻱﺭﻭﺩ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻠﻟ ﺖﻧﺎﻛﻭ
ﺀﺎﻣﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﻳﺮﺼﻤﻠﻟ ﻰﺣﻭﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻞﻛ , ﺲﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺮﺣﻭ ﺮﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﺑ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻻﺍ ﻭ ﻥﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﻨﻟﺍ ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﺖﻄﺒﺗﺭﺄـﻓ
ﺕﺎﻤﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺓﺮﻤﺘﺴﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻠﻳﻮﻃ ﻯﺮﺧﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﺒﻘﻌﺗ ﺓﺮﻴﺼﻗ ﺓﺭﻭﺩ ﻪﺗﺎﻴﺤﻓ , ﺓﺪﻟﺎﺧ ﻯﺮﺧﺃ ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﺓﺮﻜﻔﺑ
ﺓﺭﺎﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻓ
ﻦﻓﺍﺪﻤﻟﺍ
,ﻦﻴﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻣﺪﻗ ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺮﻴﺒﻛ ﺮﺛﺃ ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﻘﺘﻌﻤﻠﻟ ﻥﺎﻛ
ﺕﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﻘﺘﻋﺍ ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃ ﻞﻌﻟﻭ
ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺪﻘﺘﻌﻳ ﻥﺎﻛﻭ . ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻩﺮﺒﺘﻌﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ
. ﺓﺎﻓﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺪﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺩﻮﻌﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﻦﻳﺮﻘﻟﺎﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﻤﻟﺍ ﺡﻭﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺎﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺐﻛﺮﻣ
.ﺮﺋﺎﻃ ﺔﺌﻴﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻞﺜﻤﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺀﺎﻤﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺪﻌﺼﺗ ﻯﺮﺧﺃ ﺡﻭﺭ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﺑ ﺪﻘﺘﻋﺍ ﺎﻤﻛ
.ﻦﻳﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻑﺮﻌﺘﺗ ﻰﺘﺣ ﻒﻠﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺕﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻩﺪﺴﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻆﻓﺎﺤﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﺎﻣﺍﺰﻟ ﻥﺎﻛ , ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺗ ﺓﺎﻴﺤﺑ ﻪﻧﺎﻤﻳﻹﻭ
ﻼﻳﻮﻃ ﺎﺑﺍﺩﺮﺳ ﻱﻮﺤﻳﻭ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻠﺋﺎﻣ ﻊﺑﺭﻷﺍ ﻪﺗﺎﻬﺟﺍﻭ ﻢﺨﺿ ﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﺒﻄﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻥﻮﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺻﻮﺗ
.ﻲﺟﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻔﻘﻳﻭ ﺏﺍﺩﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﻖﻠﻐﻳ ﻦﻓﺪﻟﺍ ﺪﻌﺑﻭ, ﻲﻓﻮﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﻮﺑﺎﺗ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻊﺿﻮﻳ ﺽﺭﻷﺍ ﺖﺤﺗ ﺕﺍﺮﺠﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻞﺻﻮﻳ
. ﺀﺎﻴﺣﻸﻟ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻓﻮﺘﻤﻠﻟ ﻲﻤﻫﻭ ﺎﻤﻫﺪﺣﺃ ﻥﺎﺑﺎﺑ ﺔﺒﻄﺼﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﻥﺎﻛﻭ
.ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺑﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺖﻴﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻨﻐﻳ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻥﺃ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﺎﻤﻋﺯ ﺓﺮﺒﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﺪﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻤﺳﺭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻡﺎﻈﺘﻧﺎﺑ ﻦﻴﺑﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻢﻳﺪﻘﺗ ﻦﻋ ﻥﻮﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﺎﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﺪﻗﻭ
.ﺭﻮﻴﻄﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻥﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﻢﺳﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺍﻮﺳ ﺮﻴﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺩﻭ ﺔﻗﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺎﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺵﻮﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺖﻠﺻﻭ ﺪﻗﻭ
ﺔﻤﻳﺪﻗ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻣ ﺔﺒﻄﺼﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻊﻄﻘﻣ
ﺕﺎﻣﺍﺮﻫﻷﺍ
)ﺔﺜﻟﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﺳﻷﺍ( "ﺮﺳﻭﺯ" ﻚﻠﻤﻠﻟ "ﺐﺘﺤﻣﺃ" ﻱﺭﺎﻤﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺱﺪﻨﻬﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺃ ﺩﻼﻴﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻳﺮﺸﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ
."ﺝﺭﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻘﺳ" ﻡﺮﻫ ﻮﻫﻭ , ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﻝﻭﺃ
ﻱﺮﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻠﻴﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻌﺋﺍﺭ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ "ﺐﺘﺤﻣﺃ" ﻲﻨﺑ ﻪﻟﻮﺣﻭ
ﺔﻨﺳ ﺔﺋﺎﻤﺴﻤﺧﻭ ﻦﻴﻔﻟﺃ ﻮﺤﻨﺑ ﻚﻟﺫ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺖﻴﻨﺑ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻣﻭﺮﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﻦﻋ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﺗ ﻻ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺎﻫﺍﺮﻳ ﻦﻤﻟ ﻞﻴﺨﻳ ,ﺔﻌﻠﻀﻣ ﺔﻘﻴﺷﺭ ﺓﺪﻤﻋﺄﺑ ﺖﻴﻠﺣ
ﻊﺑﺮﻣ ﺮﺘﻣ (13320) ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ ﻎﻠﺒﺗﻭ
ﺍﺮﺘﻣ (61) ﻪﻋﺎﻔﺗﺭﺍﻭ
ﻰﻠﻋﻷﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺺﻗﺎﻨﺘﺗ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺩ (6) ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺘﻳﻭ
ﻮﻓﻮﺧ ﻡﺮﻫ
ﺓﺰﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺮﺤﺻ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺒﻛﻷﺍ "ﻮﻓﻮﺧ" ﻡﺮﻫ ﻥﻮﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻳﺭﺎﻤﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺃ ﻦﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻥﺮﻗ ﺪﻌﺑ
,ﺍﺮﺠﺣ (2300000) ﻪﺋﺎﻨﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍ , ﺎﻧﺍﺪﻓ (13) ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻣ ﻎﻠﺒﺗﻭ (ﺔﻌﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﺳﻷ) "ﻮﻓﻮﺧ" ﻚﻠﻤﻠﻟ ﺓﺮﺒﻘﻣ
ﺎﻛﺎﻣﺪﻣ (208) ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺘﻳﻭ ,ﺍﺮﺘﻣ (146) ﻲﻠﺻﻷﺍ ﻪﻋﺎﻔﺗﺭﺍ ﻥﺎﻛﻭ ,ﻦﻃ (2.5) ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﺯﻭ ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ
ﺕﺍﺮﻜﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﻊﻓﺮﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺣﺯ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﺠﺗ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﻷﺍ ﻞﺘﻛ ﺖﻧﺎﻛﻭ , ﺔﺒﻳﺮﻗ ﺮﺟﺎﺤﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﻷﺍ ﺖﻌﻄﻗ ﺪﻗﻭ
, ﺓﺮﺧﺄﺘﻣ ﺭﻮﺼﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺓﻮﺴﻜﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺖﻠﻳﺯﺃ ﺪﻗﻭ ﺔﻟﻮﻘﺼﻣ ﺀﺎﻀﻴﺑ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﺄﺑ ﺝﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻲﺴﻛ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺗﺍ ﺪﻌﺑﻭ
ﻙﺮﺤﺘﻣ ﻞﺋﺎﻫ ﺮﺠﺤﺑ ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ ﺪﺳ ﺪﻘﻟﻭ . ﺹﻮﺼﻠﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻠﻀﺘﻟ ﺔﻟﺯﺎﻨﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﺼﻟﺍ ﺐﻳﺩﺍﺮﺴﻟﺎﺑ ﺀﻮﻠﻤﻣ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﻟﺍﻭ
,ﺍﺮﺘﻣ (20) ﻮﺤﻨﺑ ﺽﺭﻷﺍ ﻦﻋ ﻊﻔﺗﺮﻳﻭ ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺷ ﻊﻘﻳ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺔﻨﻬﻜﻟﺍ ﻻﺇ ﺪﺣﺃ ﻩﺮﺳ ﻑﺮﻌﻳﻻ
. ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﻮﺑﺎﺗ ﺎﻬﺑﻭ ﻦﻓﺪﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺮﻏ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺪﻋﺎﺻ ﺏﺍﺩﺮﺳ ﺪﺟﻮﻳﻭ
.ﺔﻤﻳﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﻮﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﻟﺍ ﻦﻓ ﺕﺍﺰﺠﻌﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺰﺠﻌﻣ ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻳ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫﻭ
ﻉﺮﻔﺧ ﻡﺮﻫ
:ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺘﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ "ﻉﺮﻔﺧ" ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻴﺷ
. ﻦﻴﺑﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻣﺪﻘﻳﻭ ﺕﺍﻮﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻬﻜﻟﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻢﻴﻘﻳ ﻱﺰﺋﺎﻨﺟ ﺪﺒﻌﻣ -ﺃ
.ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻌﻣﻭ ﻱﺰﺋﺎﻨﺠﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻌﻣ ﻦﻴﺑ ﻞﺻﻮﻳ ﻞﻳﻮﻃ ﺰﻴﻠﻫﺩ -ﺏ
.ﺕﺎﻘﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺱﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻩﺭﻭﺰﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻌﻣ -ﺝ
ﺔﻴﻘﻓﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻄﻐﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺪﻘﻓ , ﻱﺭﺎﻤﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﻮﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﺎﻫ ﺓﻮﻄﺧ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻡﺮﻬﻠﻟ ﻱﺩﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻌﻣ ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻳﻭ
ﻑﺎﺘﻛﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﺓﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﺔﻴﻘﻓﺃ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﺄﺑ ﺓﺎﻄﻐﻣ ﻑﺎﺘﻛﻷﺍﻭ ﻢﺋﺎﻋﺪﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻱﺃ
,ﺔﻓﺮﺧﺰﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺧ ﺔﻴﻫﺎﻨﺘﻣ ﺔﻗﺪﺑ ﺔﺗﻮﺤﻨﻣ ﺎﻬﺘﻣﺎﺤﺿ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﻷﺍ ﻩﺬﻫﻭ .ﺔﻤﺨﻀﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﻷﺍ ﻒﻘﺴﻟﺍﻭ
ﺔﻘﻴﺿ ﺕﺎﺤﺘﻓ ﻦﻣ ﻥﺎﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺪﻳ ﺀﻮﻀﻟﺍﻭ ,ﺮﻣﺮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻄﻠﺒﻣ ﺔﻴﺿﺭﻷﺍﻭ
.ﺔﻴﺒﻧﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﻭﺭﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ ﻮﻫﻭ ﻲﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﻕﺍﻭﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ
ﻉﺮﻘﻨﻣ ﻡﺮﻫ
ًﺍﺮﺘﻣ 65 ﻪﻋﺎﻔﺗﺭﺍﻭ ًﺍﺮﺘﻣ 108 ﻪﻋﻼﺿﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻊﻠﺿ ﻞﻛ ﻝﻮﻃ .ﻉﺮﻔﺧ ﻚﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﺑﺍ ﻩﺎﻨﺑ
ًﺍﺮﺘﻣ 31 ﻪﻟﻮﻃ ﻂﺑﺎﻫ ﺮﻤﻤﻟ ﻱﺩﺆﻳﻭ .ﺽﺭﻷﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻕﻮﻓ ﺮﺘﻣ 4 ﻊﻔﺗﺮﻳ .ﻝﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺟ ﻪﻠﺧﺪﻣ
ﻥﺍﻮﺳﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺐﻠﺠﻳ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﺖﻴﻧﺍﺮﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻔﻘﺳﻭ ،ﻱﺮﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻲﻨﺑ
ﺲﻳﺭﺎﺘﻣ 3 ﻪﻴﻓ ﻲﻘﻓﺃ ﺮﻤﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﺩﺆﻳ ،ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﻄﺒﻣ ﺰﻴﻠﻫﺩ ﻪﺘﻳﺎﻬﻧ
ﻲﻧﺎﻄﻳﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻒﺤﺘﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻇﻮﻔﺤﻣ ﻩﺅﺎﻴﻣﻮﻣ ﻪﺑﻭ ﻪﻤﺳﺍ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻲﺒﺸﺧ ﺕﻮﺑﺎﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺮﺜﻋ .ﻦﻓﺪﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﺠﺣ ﺎﻫﺪﻌﺑ
ﺖﺤﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻓ
, ﻕﺮﺤﺗ ﻢﺛ ﻝﻼﺼﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻤﻌﺗ ﺎﻫﺮﻣﺃ ﻝﻭﺃ ﺖﻧﺎﻛﻭ , ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﻊﻨﺼﺑ ﺭﻮﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﻗﺃ ﺬﻨﻣ ﻥﻮﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻫﺍ
ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺜﻤﻟﺍ ﺃﺪﺑ ﺕﺍﺮﺳﻷﺍ ﺪﻬﻋ ﻞﻴﺒﻗﻭ . ﺔﻠﻴﺤﻧ ﺭﻮﺼﺧﻭ ﺔﻠﻳﻮﻃ ﺕﺎﻣﺎﻘﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﺭﺎﻋ ﺀﺎﺴﻨﻟ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺝﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻢﺛ
, ﺀﺎﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺭﺪﻗ ﺫﺇ ﺔﺜﺠﻠﻟ ﻼﻳﺪﺑ ﻥﻮﻜﻴﻟ ﻝﺎﺜﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﺩﻮﻠﺧ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻬﺗﺪﻴﻘﻋ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﺗ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻟﺍ ﻮﻫﻭ ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﻊﻨﺼﺑ
, ﻂﻘﻓ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻺﻟ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺜﻤﻟﺍ ﻒﺘﻜﻳ ﻢﻟﻭ
.ﻞﻛﺎﻴﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺪﺑﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺮﺑﺎﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻌﺿﻮﻟ ﺮﻴﻄﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﺍﻮﻴﺤﻠﻟ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﺎﻀﻳﺃ ﻊﻨﺻ ﺎﻤﻧﺇﻭ
ﺮﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﻜﻳ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﻊﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺄﻴﻫ ﺪﻗﻭ, ﺔﻨﻳﺎﺒﺘﻣ ﻥﺍﻮﻟﺄﺑ ﻥﻮﻠﺗ ﺎﻬﻠﻛ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﺖﻧﺎﻛﻭ
ﺔﻄﻴﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺐﻃﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﺣﻹ ﺔﻳﺰﺋﺎﻨﺠﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺩ ﻱﺮﺼﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﺃ ﻝﺎﻘﻳﻭ .ﻢﻬﻨﻴﻌﺑ ﺹﺎﺨﺷﻷ ﺎﻬﻨﻈﻳ ﺎﻬﻴﻟﺇ
"ﺐﺗﻮﺣ ﻉﺭ" ﻲﻟﺎﺜﻤﺗ ﻯﺃﺭ ﻦﻴﺣ ﺎﺑﺭﺎﻫ ﻰﻟﻭ "ﻡﻭﺪﻴﻣ" ﻲﻓ ﻡﺮﻬﺑ
ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﻥﺎﻀﺒﻨﻳ ﺎﻤﻫﺪﺟﻭ ﺪﻘﻓ , "ﺓﺮﻔﻧ" ﻪﺘﺟﻭﺯﻭ
ﺔﻳﺭﻮﻠﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻀﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻤﻬﻧﻮﻴﻋﻭ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻤﻬﻧﺍﻮﻟﺄﺑ
. ﺔﻴﺳﻮﻨﺑﻷﺍ ﺀﺍﺩﻮﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻤﻬﺗﺎﻗﺪﺣﻭ
ﻝﻮﻬﻟﺍ ﻮﺑﺍ
,ﺔﺒﻠﺻ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻦﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺗ ﻉﺎﺿﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻨﺼﺗ ﻡﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﻛﻭ ﺀﺍﺮﻣﻷﺍﻭ ﻙﻮﻠﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻬﻟﻻﺍ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺪﻘﻟﻭ
. ﺔﺑﻼﺻ ﻞﻗﺃ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻦﻣﻭ ﺍﺭﺮﺤﺗ ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺎﻤﺋﺍﺩ ﺞﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﺖﻧﺎﻜﻓ ﻦﻴﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﺛﺎﻤﺗ ﺎﻣﺃ
"ﻉﺮﻔﺧ" ﻚﻠﻤﻠﻟ ﻪﺳﺃﺭﻭ ﺪﺳﺃ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺰﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺎﺒﺟ ﻲﻓ "ﻝﻮﻬﻟﺍ ﻮﺑﺃ" ﻝﺎﺜﻤﺗ ﻡﺍﺮﻫﻷﺍ ﺮﺼﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺍّﺜﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﻳ ﻪﺘﻌﻨﺻ ﺎﻣ ﻢﺨﺿﺃ ﻦﻣﻭ
ﺔﻴﻜﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻳﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺑﺮﻘﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﺨﺼﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺀﻮﺘﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺖﺤﻧ ﻪﻠﻛ ﻝﺎﺜﻤﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻡﺮﻬﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﺑ
.ﺔﻀﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﺩﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺰﻣﺮﻳﻭ ,ﺍﺮﺘﻣ (39) ﻪﻟﻮﻃ ﻎﻠﺒﻳﻭ
ﻲﻧﻮﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺮﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻦﻔﻟﺍ
ﺓﺯﺭﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺵﻮﻘﻨﻟﺍ
ﺾﻌﺒﺑ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﻦﻫﺪﺗﻭ ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﺢﻄﺳ ﻦﻋ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺯﺮﺒﺗ ﺮﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺶﻘﻧ ﻮﻫ
.ﺕﺎﺒﻨﻠﻟ ﻕﺭﺯﻷﺍﻭ , ﺀﺎﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺴﺟﻷ ﻲﺑﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻔﺻﻷﺍﻭ , ﻝﺎﺟﺮﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺴﺟﻷ ﻲﺑﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻤﺣﻷﺎﻛ
.ﺎﻫﺮﻴﻏﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻬﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻋﺍﺭﺰﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﻻﺎﺠﻣ ﻊﻴﻤﺠﺑ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻞﺜﻤﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺭﻮﺒﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺪﺑﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﺪﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺵﻮﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺪﺟﻮﺗﻭ
ﺕﺍﺮﺳﻷﺍ ﻞﺒﻗﺎﻣ ﺮﺼﻋ ﺬﻨﻣ ﺔﺸﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺒﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺡﻮﻄﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺯﺭﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﺮﻔﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺪﻘﺗﻭ ﺓﺭﺎﻬﻣ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺮﻬﻇﺃ ﺪﻘﻟ
ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻴﻟﺍ ﺮﺒﻘﻟﺍ ﺐﺣﺎﺻ ﺓﺎﻴﺣ ﻦﻣ ﺭﻮﺻ ﺶﻘﻧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻠﻟ ﺎﻌﺒﺗ ﺔﻤﻳﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻇﻮﺤﻠﻣ ﺍﺭﻮﻄﺗ ﺭﻮﻄﺗ ﻦﻔﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺪﺠﻧﻭ
. ﻯﺮﺧﻷﺍ ﻪﺗﺎﻴﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻊﺘﻤﺘﻳ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺣ ﺭﻮﺻ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺐﻠﻘﻨﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺰﺋﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻧﺃ ﻩﺩﺎﻘﺘﻋﻻ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ ,ﻪﺗﺮﺒﻘﻣ ﻥﺍﺭﺪﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ
"ﺮﻔﻴﻧ" ﺓﺮﺒﻘﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻠﻣ ﻱﺭﺍﺪﺟ ﺶﻘﻧ
ﺔﻴﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻨﻔﻟﺍ
,ﺍﺪﺟ ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻧ ﻻﺇ ﻢﻳﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﺪﻬﻌﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺖﺠﺘﻧﺃ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻖﺒﻳ ﻢﻟ
,ﺮﻣﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺖﻴﻧﺍﺮﺠﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺎﺨﻔﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻨﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺍﻭﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺮﺜﻛﺃﻭ
ﺔﻗﺪﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻌﻴﻓﺭ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻲﻧﺍﻭﻷﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﺖﻠﺻﻭ ﺪﻗﻭ
,ﺐﻃﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﺪﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻫﺎﻨﻳﺃﺭ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺵﻮﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻟﺎﻜﺷﺃ ﺎﻨﻓﺮﻋ ﺍّﻨﻜﻟﻭ ,ﺐﻳﺮﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻨﻣ ﺊﺷ ﺎﻨﻴﻟﺇ ﻞﺼﻳ ﻢﻠﻓ ﺙﺎﺛﻷﺍ ﺎﻣﺃ
. ﺔﺴﻧﺄﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺍﻮﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺭﺃ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻧﺎﻴﺣﺃ ﻊﻨﺼﺗ ﻲﺳﺍﺮﻜﻟﺍﻭ ﺪﻋﺎﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺭﺃ ﺖﻧﺎﻛﻭ
. ﻖﻳﺩﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍﻭ ﺪﻋﺎﻘﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺮﺳﻷﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻢﻳﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﺛﻷﺍ ﻊﻄﻗ ﻢﻫﺃﻭ
.ﻪﻌﻨﺻ ﺔﻗﺩ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﺧﺯ ﻝﺎﻤﺟﻭ ﻪﺘﻔﻴﻇﻮﻟ ﻪﻘﻴﻘﺤﺗ ﻝﺎﻤﻛﻭ ﻪﺘﻃﺎﺴﺒﺑ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﺛﻷﺍ ﺯﺎﺘﻤﻳﻭ
ﻙﺭﻮﻳﻮﻴﻧ ﻒﺤﺘﻣ - ﻡﻮﺳﺭ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻱﺭﺎﺨﻓ ﺀﺎﻋﻭ
ﺔﻤﺗﺎﺨﻟﺍ
ﺏﺎﺒﻟﻷﺍ ﺐﻠﺨﺗ ﺮﺼﻣ ﺭﺎﺛﺍ ﺖﻟﺍﺯ ﺎﻣﻭ , ﻡﺎﻋ ﻑﻻﺍ ﺔﺴﻤﺧ ﻞﺒﻗ ﺔﻴﻗﺍﺭ ﺔﻴﻨﻓ ﺓﺭﺎﻀﺣ ﺀﺎﻣﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻉﺪﺑﺃ
ﺚﻳﺪﺤﻟﺍ ﻢﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺰﺠﻌﻣ ﻢﻏﺭﻭ ﺎﻬﺗﺪﻫﺎﺸﻤﻟ ﻥﺎﻜﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺱﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻘﻳﻭ ﺓﺪﺌﻓﻷﺍ ﻱﻮﻬﺘﺴﺗﻭ
. ﺽﻮﻤﻏﻭ ﺢﺳ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻔﻨﺘﻜﻳ ﺎﻣﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻧﺎﺻﺭﻭ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﻤﺠﺑ ﺎﻧﺮﻬﺒﺗ ﻱﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﺋﺍﻭﺭ ﺖﻟﺍﺯ ﺎﻣ
ﻢﻫﺭﺎﻜﻓﺃﻭ ﻦﻴﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺪﺋﺎﻘﻋ ﺎﻨﻟ ﻞﺠﺴﻳ ﺎﺣﻮﺘﻔﻣ ﺎﺑﺎﺘﻛ ﺔﻴﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﻤﻴﻗ ﺐﻧﺎﺟ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﺎﺛﻻﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﺜﻤﺗﻭ
ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺪﺘﻤﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻮﻨﻔﻟﺎﺑ ﺍﺭﺪﻗﻷﺍ ﺖﺣﺎﺗﺃ ﺪﻗﻭ , ﻦﻴﺒﻣ ﺢﺿﺍﻭ ﻥﺎﺴﻠﺑ ﻖﻄﻨﻳ ﻼﻓﺎﺣ ﻼﺠﺳ ﺎﻬﻠﻌﺠﻳ ﺎﻤﺑ
ﺎﻬﻧﺎﻴﻨﺑ ﺔﻧﺎﺘﻣ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﻞﻀﻔﺑ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ ﻢﻫﺮﻴﻐﻟ ﺢﻴﺗﺃ ﺎﻣ ﻑﻼﺧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻴﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻑﻻﺍ
.ﻢﻴﻈﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﺙﺍﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻆﻔﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻦﻴﻌﻣ ﺮﻴﺧ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻑﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺮﺼﻣ ﺥﺎﻨﻣ ﻦﻋ ﻼﻀﻓ ﺔﺒﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺠﺣﻻﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍﻭ
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