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TOEFL 4

http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/14235_TOEFL_testmap.pdf
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maria delcarpio

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of TOEFL 4

p.262
TOEFL 4
WRITING SKILLS
SPEAKING SKILLS
INTEGRATED SKILLS
SCORES
http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/Speaking_Rubrics.pdf
Speaking Section
Each of six tasks is rated from 0 to 4. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
ETS-certified test scorers rate responses and evaluate how well you develop your topic and deliver your message in English.
Writing Section
Two tasks are rated from 0 to 5. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
The writing section is scored by:
evaluating the integrated writing task for development, organization, grammar, vocabulary, accuracy and completeness
rating the independent writing essay on overall writing quality, including development, organization, grammar and vocabulary
Human rating — multiple, rigorously trained raters score tests anonymously. ETS raters are continually monitored to ensure fairness and the highest quality.
eRater® automated scoring technology is used with human ratings to score the independent and integrated writing tasks. Using both human judgment for content and meaning with automated scoring for linguistic features ensures consistent, quality scores.
http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/Writing_Rubrics.pdf
SCORES
DAY 1
Appendix A
COHESION
P.499 - 506
What are repeated/rephrased key words?
What are they for?
To make written and spoken English as cohesive as possible by...
repeated key ideas (words)
rephrased key ideas (words)
Let's Try
SAMPLE
honest
truthful
truth
I think that the most important characteristic in a friend is honesty. If someone is a friend, then he or she must be ___ . I can trust someone only if he or she is ___. If a friend of mine does not tell me the ___, then he or she can no longer be considered a friend.
PRACTICE
p.500
A2
USE PRONOUNS AND DETERMINERS
Make written and spoken English as cohesive as possible by...
using pronouns to refer back to previous ideas.
using determiners to refer back to previous ideas.
Let's try
A certain student worked very hard on a project. He did all of the work on ___ by ___, and ___ professor was very pleased with ___ work.
Practice
p.502
A3
USE TRANSITION EXPRESSIONS
Make written and spoken English as cohesive as possible by...
using transition expressions to show how ideas are related
See Chart p. 503
See sample given
Practice
504
To Sum Up
To Make our spoken and written English more cohesive we must use...
Rephrased key ideas
Repeated key ideas
pronouns
determiners
transition expressions
Let's practice
p.505-506
http://www.testden.com/toefl/speaking-and-writing/index.htm
Speaking/writing tasks
Day 2 - Day 5
Speaking Questions
Directions and Setup Enter
Practice 1: Personal Response Enter
Practice 2: Academic Argument Enter
Practice 3: Read, Listen, and Speak on Social TopicEnter
Practice 4: Read, Listen, and Speak on Academic TopicEnter
Practice 5: Listen and Speak on Social TopicEnter
Practice 6: Listen and Speak on Academic TopicEnter

Writing Questions
Directions and Setup Enter
Practice 1: Read, Listen, and Write about Academic TopicEnter
Practice 2: Writing Based on Knowledge and ExperienceEnter
aprox 3 min each
20 min
integrated skills
20 min
30 min
50 min
http://www.englishclub.com/esl-exams/ets-toefl-practice-speaking.htm
SAMPLE
STRATEGIES ON INTEGRATED SPEAKING
Note the main points as you read (p.204)
DAY 2
(Reading-Listening) QS 3
Note the main points as you listen (p. 206)
Plan before you speak (p. 209)
Make the response (p.212)
Note the main points as you read (p.214)
DAY 3
(Reading-Listening)
QS 4
Note the main points as you listen (p. 216)
Plan before you speak (p. 219)
Make the response (p.221)
DAY 4
(Listening)
QS 5
Note the main points as you listen (p. 223)
Plan before you speak (p. 227)
Make the response (p.229)
DAY 5
(Listening)
QS 6
Note the main points as you listen (p. 231)
Plan before you speak (p. 234)
Make the response (p.236)
Q3
Read a passage from a campus setting
Listen to a passage from a campus situation
(100-120w)
(1-2 min)
Take Notes
Topic
Main Points
Reading Passage (204)
Cover the answer to analyse and compare
Let's Try
Let's Prcatice
Speaking Exercise 5
P.205-206
READING
Let's try
Listening Passage p.206
Cover the answer for later comparison
Let's Practice
speaking exercise 6
P. 208-209
LISTENING
After Taking Notes...
CAMPUS
ACADEMIC
READ THE QUESTION GIVEN
PLAN YOUR RESPONSE
QS will most likely be about how the main points of the reading and listening are related
SAMPLE QS
How does the information in the SS' conversation add to the information in the notice on the university's policy on pets?
To plan your response...
See your notes from both skills (reading-listening) and relate them
SAMPLE PLANNING
QUESTION: ______
RELATIONSHIP: _____
Let's try
Focus on the question (p.209)
Write the relationship by checking your notes on the PETS POLICY
Cover the sample given for later comparison (p.210)
Let's Practice
p. 211
Make your response
Start with a topic statement
Support the topic statement
Use transition words to show ideas related
Let's try
See your notes on pet's policy
TOPIC: Show how the ideas in the reading and listening are related
SUPPORT: Include key point on the reading passage and the listening passage in your response
TRANSITIONS: use transitions to show how the ideas are related
Compare speech to ideas on p. 212
Let's Practice
p.213
Q4
Read a passage from an academic setting
Listen to a passage from an academic situation
(100-120w)
(1-2 min)
Take Notes
Topic
Main Points
Reading Passage (214)
Cover the answer to analyse and compare
Let's Try
Let's Prcatice
Speaking Exercise 9
P.215-216
READING
Let's try
Listening Passage p.216
Cover the answer for later comparison
Let's Practice
speaking exercise 10
P. 217-218
LISTENING
After Taking Notes...
READ THE QUESTION GIVEN
PLAN YOUR RESPONSE
QS will most likely be about how the main points of the reading and listening are related
SAMPLE QS
How does the information on the professor's lecture add to the information in the reading passage about Isaac Asimov?
To plan your response...
See your notes from both skills (reading-listening) and relate them
SAMPLE PLANNING
QUESTION: ______
RELATIONSHIP: _____
Let's try
Focus on the question (p.219)
Write the relationship by checking your notes on ASIMOV
Cover the sample given for later comparison (p.220)
Let's Practice
p. 220
Make your response
Start with a topic statement
Support the topic statement
Use transition words to show ideas related
Let's try
See your notes on ASIMOV
TOPIC: Show how the ideas in the reading and listening are related
SUPPORT: Include key point on the reading passage and the listening passage in your response
TRANSITIONS: use transitions to show how the ideas are related
Compare speech to ideas on p. 221
Let's Practice
p.222
p.219
CAMPUS
ACADEMIC
2 TO 3 MIN
strategies
While listening...
Topic:
Main Points:
Let's Try
P.223
Compare your notes P.224
Let's Practice
Speaking Exercise 13
CD3 Tracks 57-59
CD1 36-38
S
Plan before you speak...
Topic:
Main Points:
Let's Try
Read the question given regarding the lisening
Sample question:
How does the woman react to the man's problem?
227
Let's Practice
P.228
Make the response...
Topic statement
Support
Let's try
Let's practice
229
230
Speaking Exercise 15
SPEAKING REVIEW EXERCISE
Follow the strategies step by step
P.230
Day 6
Mini Tests
1-8

Day 7-10
Writing Skills
Integrated Task
DAY 7
DAY 8
DAY 9
DAY 10
Integrated Writing
1st
2nd
3rd
250-300 word reading passage.
Read
Listen
Lecture on the same academic topic.
ACADEMIC TOPIC
QS1
Write
150-225 word summary
3min aprox
1-2 min
20 min
Question
how the listening supports or casts doubts on the reading
4th
Your response will be evaluated for content (accuracy and completeness), and for appropriate use of language and sentence structure.
Your response should show that they understand the major ideas and important information in the passage and lecture, and their relationship
“This writing task is not asking for your opinion; it is asking you to give an answer, in an organized and well-written way, based on the information in the passage you read and short lecture you heard.”
Typically an effective response would be 150-225 words.
Use transition words
Put things in your own words. Avoid the trap of copying down exact phrases.
Make sure you've covered the 5W's and How. Do you know who, what, when, where, why, and how? You must mention specific details in your answer.
writing
Reading
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
3 min
Read and take notes
Listening
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
Read and take notes
1-2 min
90words/1min
Life science – Any of several branches of science, such as biology, medicine, anthropology, or ecology, that deal with living organisms and their organization, life processes, and relationships to each other and their environment.
Social science – The study of human society and of individual relationships in and to society, including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, and history.
Physical science – Any of the sciences, such as physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology, that analyze the nature and properties of energy and nonliving matter.
Humanities – Branches of knowledge that investigate human beings, their culture, and their self-expression, including the study of languages and literatures, the arts, history, and philosophy.
Important information to take into account
Topic are always related to the following
summarize pointing out what requested in the question
Common questions
How does the information in the listening passage add to/support the information in the reading passage?
How does the information in the listening passage casts doubt on/ challenge the information in the reading passage?
How does the information in the listening passage contrast/ differ from the information in the reading passage?
Writing
Plan before you write
(how the listening shows that the reading may not be accurate)
(how the listening supports the reading)
(how the listening contrasts the information in the reading)
Write an overall TOPIC STATEMENT
How the listening and reading are related
Include the terminology used in the question (adds to, casts doubt, etc)
Start with "In this set of materials the reading passage discusses..., and the listening passage adds to this by..."
Just an overall idea without details
Relationship: Topic statement at the beginning of the response. It should show how the topics are related (reading-listening). Be sure to include the terminology mentioned in the question.
Supporting details: transition words
Supporting Paragraph on Reading
State the topic and summarize the main points as briefly as possible. "The reading passage discusses..."
Supporting Paragraph on Listening
"The listening passage provides an example of...
State the topic and summarize the main points
Relate the key points of the listening passage to the key points of the reading passage.
Writing Skill 1
Read sample
249
Reading
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
3 min
Read and take notes
90words/1min
Compare your notes with the book's
Writing Skill 1
Read sample
250
Reading
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
3 min
Read and take notes
90words/1min
Compare your notes with the book's
Writing exercise 1
Read and Take notes on the 3 passages
9 min
Writing Skill 2
Read Listening Passage sample
253
Listening
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
Read and take notes
1-2 min
compare notes with the book's
Writing Skill 2
Read Listening Passage sample
254
Listening
Main Idea: _______
Supporting detail _______
Supporting detail _______
Read and take notes
1-2 min
compare notes with the book's
Writing exercise 2
Listen and Take notes on the 3 passages
p.255-256
Writing skill 3
writing skill 4
Plan before you write
Write a topic statement
Read samples
257-258
summarize pointing out what requested in the question
Common questions
How does the information in the listening passage add to/support the information in the reading passage?
How does the information in the listening passage casts doubt on/ challenge the information in the reading passage?
How does the information in the listening passage contrast/ differ from the information in the reading passage?
Plan before you write
(how the listening shows that the reading may not be accurate)
(how the listening supports the reading)
(how the listening contrasts the information in the reading)
Relationship: Topic statement at the beginning of the response. It should show how the topics are related (reading-listening). Be sure to include the terminology mentioned in the question.
Supporting details: transition words
Remember
Writing Exercise 3
Look at the notes you prepared for...
reading passages in exercise 1
listening passage in exercise 2
Prepare a plan for your response
p.259
Relationship: Topic statement at the beginning of the response. It should show how the topics are related (reading-listening). Be sure to include the terminology mentioned in the question.
Read samples
p.260-261
Remember to start like this...
In this set of materials the reading passage...
and the listening passage (terminology)...
Writing exercise 4
Look at the plan you prepared for integrated writing tasks in exercise 3.
Write a topic statement for each task.
Sample answers
Writing Skill 5
Writing Skill 6
Supporting Paragraph on reading passages
Supporting Paragraph on listening passages
Remember
State the topic and summarize the main points as briefly as possible. "The reading passage discusses..."
Read Samples
p.263
p.264
Writing Exercise 5
Write supporting paragraphs on the reading passages for the previous exercises
Suggested answers
Remember
Read samples
265-266
Writing exercise 6
p.267
Write supporting paragraphs on the listening passages for the previous exercises.
Suggested responses
Challenges the reading
contest, dispute, query, question,doubt, mistrust
object (to), protest, oppose, resist, defy, face
Supports the reading
advocate, back, champion, confirm, bear out, corroborate, substantiate,validate, verify, vindicate, help, boost, support
Use verbs to indicate that you are summarizing:
suggest, say,report, tell,argue, question, ask,
conclude.
This words can help
Writing skill 7
writing review
Review sentence structure
TIP:
After you have written, review sentence structure in your response
P.268
Are there mistakes? if so, which ones?
Since a new theory was developed within the last decade.
The reading passage explains a theory, the listening passage discusses the historical background of the theory.
One issue that the lecturer points out it is that the main facts contradict the theory.
Check answers with the book
p.268
P.269
Writing exercise
Writing skill 8
Review grammar
TIP:
After you have written,, review the grammar in your response
p.270
Though scientists are quite sure that this phenomenon exist, It's causes are not so clear.
Can you find the mistake/s?
Check answers with the book
p.271
271
Writing exercises 8
p.272
SKILLS 1-8
Extra Writing Practice
http://englishlanguageclasses.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/toefl-ibt-writing-question-1-integrated-task/
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