Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Understanding Types of Education Research

No description
by

Kelly Kirk

on 22 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Understanding Types of Education Research

Quantitative Research Methods in Education
Quantitative Research is:
Mixed Methods Research in Education
Mixed Methods Research is:
How can I incorporate research into my classroom?
Action Research!
Understanding Types of Research
Learning Targets:
Qualitative Research Methods in Education
Qualitative Research is:
I will:
define each major research method.
describe the major and minor components of each method.
relate each method to increase current classroom practices.
‘Explaining phenomena by collecting numerical data that are analysed using mathematically based methods (in particular statistics).’




Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 1.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=11
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
What to know about Quantitative Research
uses numerical data
data within the educational context may not be in the quantitative form, however, it can be collected in a quantitative way (e.g. questionnaire/survey)
can be fairly flexible research
Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 2.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=12
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
A Quantitative Researcher may be described as a:
Realist
The job of the researcher is to "uncover the truth" that is already in the world using objective research. The realist researcher uses natural sciences, such as, biology or physics.
Positivist
The job of the researcher is to use the "laws of cause and effect" to explain how the world works. This gives the positivist researcher completely objective data.
Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 4.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=14
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
How does Quantitative Research relate to increasing current classroom practices?
Within my classroom, I could use the following data in my research:
giving the Fountas & Pinnell BAS test 2-3 times a year and tracking student's reading level growth
using data (scores) from MAP/MSP tests to track student growth
giving students a questionnaire to rate their level of comfort of concepts within a unit of study
This data would help by: 1)showing me how many students are at grade level, 2) showing a numerical change, 3)finding the state of where the students are right now to be able to predict future scores based on one or more variables.
Subjective. "In contrast to the realist view that the truth is out there and can be objectively measured and found through research, subjectivists [qualitative researchers] point to the role of human subjectivity in the process of research."


Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 4.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=14
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
What to know about Qualitative Research
uses non-numerical data
uses the view that it is hard to measure things completely objectively because we experience the world by observation
what is being studied and the findings are based on people's beliefs

Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 4.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=14
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
A Qualitative Researcher may be described as a:
Subjectivist
The job of the researcher is to "point to the role of human subjectivity in the process of research." Subjectivists believe that "there is no pre-existing objective reality that can be observed."


Muijs, Daniel. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS.
London, GBR: SAGE Publications Inc. (US), 2004. p 4.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10080884&ppg=14
Copyright © 2004. SAGE Publications Inc. (US).
Relativistic
The job of the researcher is to use observation. Relativists believe that "the process of our observing reality changes and transforms it," and "all truth can only be relative and is never definitive."
How does Qualitative Research relate to increasing current classroom practices?
Within my classroom, I could use the following data in my research:
observation and note-taking in guided reading groups
observation and note-taking while conferring with readers
video taping lessons and small group work for observation and note-taking
This data would help by: 1)showing how students are comprehending text, 2) monitoring student progress of levels and goals 3)having something to look at to reflect and plan future lessons
"...the mixing of methods by combining two or more qualitative methods in a single research study (such as in-depth interviewing and participant observation) or by using two or more quantitative methods (such as a survey and experiment) in a single research study."


Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. Mixed Methods Research : Merging Theory with Practice .
New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press, 2010. p 18.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10356628&ppg=18
Copyright © 2010. Guilford Press.
What to know about Mixed Method Research
uses Qualitative and Quantitative Research
combines data of words, pictures, and narrative to add meaning of numbers
research results can be used to generalize for future studies and examinations
Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. Mixed Methods Research : Merging Theory with Practice .
New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press, 2010. p 18.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10356628&ppg=18
Copyright © 2010. Guilford Press.
Five Reasons to consider using
Mixed Methods Research
1) Methods Triangulation
Triangulation "refers to the use of more than one method while studying the same research question." Using this will "enhance the credibility of the research findings."
2) Complementarity
Complementarity uses "both quantitative and qualitative data and not just the numerical or narrative explanation alone to understand the social story in its entirety."
3) Development
"Mixed methods often aid in the development of a research project by creating a synergistic effect, whereby the 'results from one method . . . help develop or inform the other method.'"
Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. Mixed Methods Research : Merging Theory with Practice .
New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press, 2010. p 18-20.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10356628&ppg=20
Copyright © 2010. Guilford Press.
4) Initiation
"A study’s findings may raise questions or contradictions that will require clarification, thus initiating a new study."
5) Expansion
Expansion is "producing detailed findings helps enable future research endeavors and allows researchers to continuously employ different and mixed methods in their pursuit of new or modified research questions."

Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. Mixed Methods Research : Merging Theory with Practice .
New York, NY, USA: Guilford Press, 2010. p 20.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10356628&ppg=20
Copyright © 2010. Guilford Press.
Action Research is:
"...designed to answer one of the most basic questions in education: How well are my students learning what I intend to teach? "
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 18.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=18
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education.
What to know about Action Research
"Action research teachers are constantly evaluating their classroom performance by identifying both the successes and challenges of their students."
"Action research is a model for teaching with high transparency that enables teachers to determine student achievement on a daily basis rather than waiting for the end of a quarter," or high stakes standardized tests.
The Action Research mindset is non-linear.
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 21-22.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=22
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education.
<----> Action <----> Data <----> Reflection <---->
Five Steps to Action Research in the Classroom
Step 1:
Issue Identification
An issue is not always a problem that needs fixing. Use a sentence stem to help you.
Examples:
Something I would like to improve upon is...
I have a concern about...
I would like to see a change in the way my students...
Something I would like to integrate/investigate/evolve is...
Step 2:
Data Collection
Typical classroom data used.
Examples:
student work, quizzes, HW, running records, checklists, benchmark tests, standardized test results, Q&A sessions, on task behavior monitoring, etc.
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 23-26
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=23
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education. All rights reserved.
Step 3:
Action Planning
Create a plan on the issue and explore in the terms of expert input. Think about resources.
Examples:
teachers, specialists, professors, administration, professional literature
Step 4:
Plan Activation
Begin your action with the knowledge that you have reviewed data, researched best practices, and developed a plan to best fit the needs of your students.
You may have last minute changes or in the moment changes in your plan while you teach.
Step 5:
Outcome Assessmenet
Here you can use your original date and your new generated data and analyze it to determine the impact the action had on students. Use data to make inferences.
Was their cognitive improvement? An affective change? Physical/Psychomotor improvement? Imporved classroom behaviors?
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 26-28.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=27
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education.
Use reflective sentence stems to help you.
Examples:
Something I learned as a result of my action research is...
One thing I intend to do with this information is...
One thing that worked well is...
Something that didn't work well is...
A change I would make about my approach is...
Someone I think could help me at this point is...
A resource I intend to tap into is...
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 28-29.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=29
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education. All rights reserved.
“It is imperative that educators become lifelong learners who are constantly evolving to provide the best possible education to every student.”
Exit Task:
In the book Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates by Robert P. Pelton, he argues that,
Using the information given to you in this presentation, what would you tell Pelton? For example, explain what research are you already using in your classroom, or what are you willing to try.
Pelton, Robert P.. Best Practices in Action Research for Teacher Candidates.
Lanham, MD, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2010. p 8.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cityuniv/Doc?id=10435104&ppg=8
Copyright © 2010. Rowman & Littlefield Education. All rights reserved
Full transcript