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Introduction to Philosophy, Fall 2018

Buddhism
by

Joshua Baron

on 25 September 2018

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Transcript of Introduction to Philosophy, Fall 2018

Ancient Asian Philosophy
Buddhism &
Suffering
Ethics
Interdependence & Shared Suffering
No decision or act is ever generated in isolation.
Innumerable causes and conditions affect all things.
Should Heinz have done that? Why or Why Not?
Buddhism
Four Noble Truths:
Truth of Suffering...Life is Suffering
Cause of Suffering...Desire & Attachment
Cessation of Suffering...End Desire & Attachment
Way to End Suffering...Eightfold Path
The core moral values of the 5 precepts:
Abstention from killing and hurting living creatures.
Abstention from stealing.
Abstention from wrong indulgence in sensual pleasures.
Abstention from lying.
Abstention from taking intoxicants.
Eightfold Path=Right
Understanding
Thought
Speech
Bodily Action
Livelihood
Effort
Mindfulness
Concentration
Care Ethics
“Heinz should steal the drug because he has a higher moral obligation.”
“It’s socially right to steal the medicine, the law should be rewritten.”
“Heinz's has a duty to save his wife, but I cannot condone the theft.”
"Heinz’s intentions were good, that of saving the life of someone he loves.”
"Heinz might think it's right to take the drug, the druggist would not."
"It's against the law."
Tuesday
Milgram Study
A woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to produce. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $1,000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it." So Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug for his wife.
Pain & Suffering


Life & Interconnectivity
So...
Detach from things...connect to people
Mind
Body
Mind
Mind
Mind
Body
Body
Body
Life is Suffering
What does this mean?
Examples from life?
Desire and Attachment Cause Suffering
What does this mean?
Is this true?
Examples from life?
Stop Suffering by Ending Desire and Attachment
What does this mean?
How do we do this?
Examples from life?
Full transcript