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Transcript of The Camera
two centuries, the camera has changed the
way we view things in our lives. It went
from being something only a photographer
could do, to allowing everyone, young and old,
to be able to take photos of anything they
please. We are now able to experience
memories from our favorite sporting events,
weddings, events we are unable to attend,
etc. We are even able to view all of those
from the comfort of our own couch. The Camera: Capturing memories in
our lives one snap at a time What would your life be
like without cameras? Thesis Inventors Alhazen Joseph Niépce Louis Daguerre Henry Fox Talbot The concept of the camera was introduced
by 10th Century scientist Alhazen. He
introduced the idea of the pinhole camera, or
camera obscura. The main use was to capture the
suns movement and to watch solar eclipses safely. In 1816, Niépce made the first
partial photo using paper coated
with silver chloride, which darkened
when exposed to light. Unfortunately,
the rest of the paper would darken
over time. In 1836, Daguerre, along with Niépce, invented the first practical method, the daguerreotype. They coated a copper plate with silver, then treated it with iodine vapor to make it sensitive to light. It was then developed by using mercury vapor and fixed with a strong solution of ordinary salt. It only required 10 minutes of exposure time if there was a decent amount of light. In 1840, Henry Fox Talbot perfected
what is called the calotype. He was
on his honeymoon and was sick and tired
of tracing images on his camera obscura;
frankly he was terrible at it. This is
paper sensitized with silver chloride.
It required an hour of exposure time
for the image to develop. Alexander Wolcott Although the others have their own respective creations of the camera, Alexander Wolcott is credited with the first patent for the camera, Patent Number 1582. He was also the first to add a mirror to the camera. He opened what is said to be the first portrait studios in the world. Above is his prototype submitted to the patent office. Mass Production In 1900, George Eastman, creator of Kodak, mass produced "The Brownie". The Brownie introduced the concept of the snapshot. With its low price, $1, and it's simple controls, it became an instant success and changed photography for the better. The only downside was that the person would have to send the film back to Kodak to be developed. Cameras Over The Past Century 35 mm Instant picture camera Disposable TLR or Twin-Lens
Reflecting Waterproof Digital Over time, the camera has
revolutionized the way we see
things in our lives, whether
positively or negatively, by
advancements in technology,
increased availability, and portability. Some Current Standards Film speed - the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light Parallel interface standard - a well-established standard for digital cameras that provides a wide range of acquisition speeds, image sizes, and pixel depths. Spatial Frequency Response (SFR) - an algorithm automatically measures SFR. It's used to capture the image of a slanted edge target. Scanners for reflective media - it looks for strong reflections of light and is able to correct itself so the image won't capture the reflected light Controversies Red Light Camera Speeding Camera Cameras in the courtroom Social Media Advancements from the Camera Stereoscopy is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image. It consists of two images side-by-side. When looked at closely through
a set of lenses, it creates a 3d image. This is how 3d movies are created. The pill camera is used for an endoscopy.
After you swallow the pill, it transmits images
of your insides through an antenna provided
in a vest you wear. In the end, your doctor has
thousands of images of your insides without
having to insert a tube in you. Pill Camera Stereoscopy Fempto-Photography Cinema Culture France - Niépce and Daguerre
started the movement from Paris. England - Around the same time, Talbot
started the movement with the calotype. New York City - Where the credit lies with
Wolcott's patent and started a portrait studio
with a partner. Economic Impact 21st Century Helmet cameras allow us
to view footage from a point
of view we normally wouldn't
see. Cameras have allowed us to view
historical events, something we
would have to imagine in our minds
just decades ago. Historical Events Helmet Cams Cameras with Wi-Fi Possible Unintended Uses and
Annoyances Pornography Paparazzi Taking pictures of everything we eat Spending half of the concert taking pictures With the invention of Instagram, it has
become popular to take pictures of
everything that someone eats. You can
even add a filter to make the pictures
look better. With practically every phone having
a camera, picture-taking at live
events has, at times, gotten out of
hand and taken away from the
experience. Phones w/Cameras Digital Camera Progression The first digital camera was built in
1975 by Kodak's engineer Steve
Sasson. It was 8 lbs. and recorded
.01 megapixel black and white photos
to a cassette tape. The first photo took
23 seconds to create. It was then projected
on a television. 1975 - Kodak
.01 Megapixel 2013 - Phase One
80 Megapixels For a mere $33,995 you can
have the camera with the highest
resolution - the DM-Series 645DF.
The resolution is 10,320 x 7,752.
It has a Leaf Aptus-II 80 Digital Back
and an 80 mm lens.
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2013). Bibliography Helps capture criminals Thermal Cameras Thermal cameras form an image
using infrared radiation. They can
operate in wavelengths as long
as 14,000 nm(nanometers). The cinema camera works by moving 24 frames per second while capturing images. They move at such a rate that it is unnoticeable to the eye, creating a perception of movement. Without the camera we wouldn't have film movies. Privacy going away? 1.8 Gigapixel digital camera The Dept. of Defense branch, The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) released information about the ARGUS- IS mega digital camera in July 2012. With its 1.8 Gigapixel resolution, four lenses with stabilizers and 368 photo matrixes, it can take pictures of objects that are 15 cm high from as far as 6 km up. It will be used for surveillance and can cover 25 square km at one time. By:
Eric Barlow The red light camera is used
to catch people running red
lights, mainly in big cities. The camera
has a high enough resolution to capture
the license plate of the offender. It has
gotten a lot of complaints that the light
was still yellow when offenders were ticketed. Speeding cameras are able to capture
the license plate as well. A complaint
about them is that they snag you when
you would be just over the speed limit,
when police officers typically leave you
alone. This one is mainly in big cities
as well. The issue with this
is that people want
privacy in the
the media can cause
an uproar in the case
and it may change the
way a person acts. The combination of ease of photo-taking
and being able to easily upload them has
become a problem. With the example of
politician Anthony Weiner, he took many
photos of himself without clothes and
"accidentally" uploaded them to Twitter,
causing a media frenzy and resulted in him
resigning. Ease of picture-taking with camera
phones and social media can cause a lot of
problems, politician or not. Cameras are so prevalent these days
that we are able to access images
to be able to see an image of a
criminal. In previous times it would
pretty much come down to finding
DNA (when it was available)
or catching them red-handed.
Within the past decade, the mobile phone
industry has implemented cameras into
practically every phone. Now, a photo
opportunity is rarely missed because
practically everyone has access to a camera
at any given time. In recent times, camera-makers have
kept up with the times of social media
by implementing wi-fi into their cameras,
along with applications. This allows the
user to upload the photo they just took
to places like Facebook or Twitter instantly While this may go either way, I
doubt the inventors had this in
mind. While it is a multi-billion
dollar industry every year, it
affects everyone one way or
another, whether they believe
it or not. Since the camera has evolved
to be portable and able to take
pictures quickly, it has changed
the lives of the famous. Due to
the value of pictures of celebrities
in their personal lives, the paparazzi
has invaded the lives of the famous
day after day. This has resulted in
broken cameras, assaults, and hatred
towards the paparazzi http://goo.gl/z1IXm http://goo.gl/80URs http://goo.gl/0oZRz http://goo.gl/8Hrk4 http://goo.gl/WtlAE http://goo.gl/jY5XL http://goo.gl/OY5wi http://goo.gl/ZU1Zq http://goo.gl/K8ho0 http://goo.gl/2XrtL http://goo.gl/maVYS http://goo.gl/pIfG6 http://goo.gl/1Gfb4 http://goo.gl/FzVwA http://goo.gl/k94ED http://goo.gl/iTLP2 http://goo.gl/pMy5b http://goo.gl/enTPT http://goo.gl/WwRpY http://goo.gl/V94jq http://goo.gl/ZjuNm http://goo.gl/HwCDo http://goo.gl/Z7mV8 http://goo.gl/zHY8s http://goo.gl/WX592 http://goo.gl/MjFVQ http://goo.gl/LRRwv http://goo.gl/DP44p http://goo.gl/4GXAv http://goo.gl/nVEi4 http://goo.gl/PZ9T4 http://goo.gl/b2eRN http://goo.gl/WCvhw http://goo.gl/fBo0Q http://goo.gl/vLNfs http://goo.gl/RVpJK http://goo.gl/mivKu http://goo.gl/alA1Q http://goo.gl/2cDWk http://goo.gl/afLpV http://goo.gl/Yqce5 http://goo.gl/Qatuk http://goo.gl/kUpm7 http://goo.gl/YkrrV http://goo.gl/4HxrN http://goo.gl/vhMV8 http://goo.gl/cp9QX http://goo.gl/YGF54 http://goo.gl/j4PQG My own photo http://goo.gl/FpKz0 http://goo.gl/hHhgS http://goo.gl/KygNk