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Transcript of Manichaeism
- Monotheistic in that Manichaeists believe in one God, and that Mani was a prophet of God. God has nothing to do with the physical world or cosmos, and yet IS the physical world and cosmos. Can be seen as pantheistic.
Worship and Rituals
Where Were The Believers?
- Stopped in the west due to the Catholic church
Basic Beliefs and
- Believed in extreme syncretism
A Brief History
- Founded in Persia in the 3rd century by Mani
- Worship and rituals were very similar to modern day Protestant Christianity, inluding:
A Universalist Fatih
View of Afterlife
Religious Buildings or Sites
with Other Religions
- Crystal, Ellie. "Manichaeism." Crystallinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://www.crystalinks.com/manichaeism.html>.
- Editors of Encyckopaedia Britannica, . "Manichaeism." Encyclopaedia Britannica. N.p., 20 May 2013. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/362167/Manichaeism>.
- Manichaeism. Dir. dbzffff. 6 Feb. 2013. youtube.com. Web. 21 May 2014. <
- Sadjadi, Nima. "Manichaeism." Farvardyn.com. Farvardyn Project, n.d. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://www.farvardyn.com/mani1.php>.
- Began having religious visions
at age 12, and began teaching them
at age 24
- Viewd himself as the final prophet
of a line starting with Adam and
incluing Buddha, Zoroaster and
- Thought that other religions were limited so started extreme missionary work.
- Stopped in the East due to the Mongol
- Believed in dualistic gnosticism
- Gnosis literally
- Therefore all Gnostic
religions believe that one
must gain knowledge
through ascesticism to let
light overcome the dark and
to be released
part of this
religion comes from
the fact that
there are always two
opposing forces, and that
to share in God, one has to
let the light illuminate inside
- Manichaeism was
split into the "elect"
- Try to reach gnosis through
rigorous rule and ascetecism
- Support the elect by
working for them and
giving them alms
- Originally there were/are a God of Light and a God
of Darkness, but these could be viewed more as spirits or celestial forces
- When these two Gods/Spirits/Forces came
together, lesser deities were created
- This complex approach to monotheism is the reason that many people found this religion to fit personal needs as well as many oher people found this religion a heresy and should be prosecuted
- There was a God of Light (spiritual) and a God of Darkness (physical) in the cosmos
- The God of Darkness devided to invade the realm of light
- This clash of spiritual and physical-ness gave birth not only to multiple other deities, but also the Earth and everything on it
- Thus, Manichaeists believe humans need to let their light illuminate and overcome the darkness through gnosis, never getting rid of the darkness, just overcoming it
- The ultimate goal is paradise, which is unknowable
- There is no hell, only rebirth into a cycle of life and death, which is believed to be suffering in itself
- One must be an Elect to reach paradise
HEARER ELECT PARADISE
- One becomes an Elect by first doing his/her duty as
- Was killed by Bahram the 1st
- Accordance to rituals and worship depended
on the person, as long as nothing went
against the religion
-Elements of other
religions could be seen
-The Bema Fest
- Adam 1st prophet