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Rational Recreation - industrialisation and city living!

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becky hampson

on 4 October 2015

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Transcript of Rational Recreation - industrialisation and city living!

Rational Recreation - industralisation and city living!
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The second half of the nineteenth century
Respectable Working Class and the emergance of a Middle Class
An improvement in the status of Women
The first effects of industrialisation
over crowding and poor living condition
Working hours
The Church(changes over time)

The first half of the nineteenth century

Industrial patronage
Transport Revolution
Reform groups
Holidays and Saturday half day movement
Class system
Amaturism vs professionalism

A strict class system still underpinned British society
Industrialisation resulted in the emergence of a powerful, wealthy group of middle class people
Determined your status as an amateur or professional

In early Victorian Britain in was inappropriate for women to exercise

Lawn Tennis 1870’s saw a shift in opportunity for middle-class women
Good health persuaded people exercise was a positive for women.

Nb: NOT WORKING CLASS – women in working class had a different set of rules and neither had opportunity or provision for leisure time

Of limited relevance today

Still an impacting factor today, on both participation and performance

Amateurism and professionalism

Changing views of the Church

Changes in attitudes, manners, tastes and expectations are still relevant today.

Emergence of the middle class

Arguably less of a factor today than in the nineteenth century

Working conditions

In spite of trends to outlaw gender discrimination/inequality, some would argue it is still a factor.

The place and status of women

Impact of either overwork or unemployment significant

Increased free time

Yes, still hugely significant

Improved transport, especially the railways

The impact of this factor on contemporary participation and performance today

Factors that helped to develop rational recreation

Rational Recreation and impact on today

Today sport is organised in a decentralised, amateur and voluntary manner at the lower participation levels in the UK
This is due to the formation of Governing bodies (such as the FA, LTA, RFU) which were established over 100 years ago
Ethics of sportsmanship link to rational recreations

Impact and links to today

There was a change in society with the industrial revolution, with an increase in industry, there was an increase in jobs. There was a mass exodus of people moving to newly created cities for factory jobs.
BBC (KS3 bitesize)
What happened to life for peasants and how were the types of sports they played affected?
They lost…
Acceptance of their traditional activities

Space to play (urbanisation/overcrowding)
Health/energy (due to long working hours in factories)
Influence (being controlled by social superiors)
Rights (due to changes in criminal law and police)
Time (due to 72 hour working week and reduction of holidays)

Socio-cultural factors
Purpose-built facilities

Fair play
Control of gambling

Technological advancement
The ‘Revolutions’
Improved transport
Social class and gender discrimination

Public school influence
Class structure/spectators
Middle class influence
Increased free time
Increased law and order
Business and administration skills

Popular recreation to Rational recreation
How did the socio-cultural factors change and develop?
And links to today!!
Life improved!
A long answer question!
Explain the transition from folk festivals and ethnic sports in popular recreation to professional
level sports in rational recreation, comparing with the characteristics and socio-cultural factors of sport, today [20].

Lets have a go at answering!!
Step 1: Read through the model answer provided highlight when you see ....
Knowledge and understanding
Specialist terminology
Pracitcal and revelent examples
Development of knowledge points

Step 2: Complete the planning grid worksheet with the contect you would include

Step 3: Write a perfect paragraph on the cake layer picture

Independent opinion

High level of written communication
(specialist terminology)

Development of knowledge points

Giving practical and relevant examples

Knowledge and understanding points (indicative content)
Full transcript