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Passe compose et imparfait

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by

aurelie chabaud

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Passe compose et imparfait

How to form the past participle with être
Of the
ER
verbs:
How to form the past participle with AVOIR
Of
ER
verbs:
Le passé composé
-Used to talk about actions completed in the past.
It is composed of TWO parts:

The auxiliary verb
+
The past participle

avoir /être

expresses the action
completed in the past.
Irregular things to remember in the
Passé Composé
Verbs taking être:
Le passé composé
et l'imparfait

Ex: Nous
avons

dansé

We danced
We have danced
We did danced

Example: Parl
er
.
Replace the
er
by
é

J'ai parl
é
Nous avons parl
é
Tu as parl
é
Vous avez parl
é
Il a parl
é
Ils ont parl
é
Example: Dorm
ir
.Replace the
ir
by
i

J'ai dormi

Nous avons dormi
Tu as dormi

Vous avez dormi
Il

a dormi

Ils ont dormi
Of
IR
verbs:
Of
RE
verbs:
Example: Attend
re.
Replace the
re
by
u.

J'ai attend
u
Nous avons attend
u
Tu as attend
u
Vous avez attend
u
Il a attend
u
Ils ont attend
u
The auxiliary
Avoir
is conjugated in the
present tense.
With
Avoir
the past participle
doesn't change
in gender or number, it stays the same for each pronoun.
Example: All
er
. Replace the
er
by
é(e)(s)
.

Je suis all
é(e)
Nous sommes all
é(e)(s)
Tu es all
é(e)
Vous êtes all
é(e)(s)
Il/Elle est all
é(e)
Ils/Elles sont all
é(e)(s)
Of the
IR
verbs:
Example: Part
ir
. Replace the
ir
by
i(e)(s).

Je suis part
i(e)
Nous sommes part
i(e)(s)
Tu es part
i(e)
Vous êtes part
i(e)(s)

Il/Elle est part
i(e)
Ils/Elles sont part
i)e)(s)
Of the
RE
verbs:
Example:
Descendre
. Replace the
r
e by
u(e)(s).

Je suis descend
u(e)
Nous sommes descend
u(e)(s)
Tu es descend
u(e)
Vous êtes descend
u(e)(s)

Il/Elle est descend
u(e)
Ils/Elles sont descend
u(e)(s)
The auxiliary
Etre
is conjugated in the
present tense
. With
Etre
the past participle
does change
in gender or number, and agrees with the subject.
All
pronominal
verbs require être in the passé composé.
Elle s'est maquill
ée
.
She put on makeup
Negation in the passé composé
It goes
around
the auxiliary Avoir or être.
Je
n'
ai

pas
vu Paul.
I didn't see Paul
Elle
n'
est

pas
entré
e
.
She didn't come in.
If there is a pronoun it goes around it
(ALL pronouns precede the auxiliary.)
Elle
ne
s'
est

pas
maquillé
e
.
She didn't put on makeup.
Je
ne

me

suis
pas
souvenu.
I didn't recall.
Je
lui
ai montré

Je

ne

lui
ai
pas

montré
I
(didn't)
show(ed) him.
The past participle
MUST
agree with the
preceding
direct
object
pronoun.

Xavier a choisi
le cadeau
=> Xavier
l'
a choisi

Tom a choisi
la musique
=> Tom
l'
a choisi
e
Elle a préparé
les desserts
=> Elle
les
a prépar
és

Vous avez dit
à vos parents
=> Vous
leur
avez dit.

(indirect object)
Ils se sont parl
é
. Nous nous sommes écr
it
.

(indirect object)
Irregular past participle to remember:
avoir = eu
boire = bu
lire = lu
être = été
faire = fait
écrire = écrit
prendre = pris
dire = dit
courir = couru
pleuvoir = plu (can only be used with il)
Important things to remember:
The past participle does
NOT
agree in gender and number with the subject when the reflexive verb is followed by a noun that receives the action of the verb (
direct object
)

Rosalie et Marie se sont lav
ées

BUT
Rosalie et Marie se sont lav
é
les mains

Rose s'est maquill
ée

BUT
Rose s'est maquill
é
les yeux.
Rose et Rosalie receive the action of the verb
The eyes and the hands receive the action of the verb
With verbs such as:
+ page
148
s'écrire, se dire, se téléphoner, se parler, se demander, se rendre compte
=>

The reflexive pronoun acts as an
INDIRECT
object thus
no
agreement is made in the past participle.

Elles se sont écrit.
BECAUSE
(Elles ont écrit
à
quelqu'un ...)
They wrote
TO
someone

Ils se sont dit
BECAUSE
(Ils ont dit
à
quelqu'un ...)
They talked
TO
someone
Auxiliary choice:
Descendre, monter, passer, sortir, retourner, rentrer

CAN take
avoir

IF
there is a
direct object
.

Elle
est
descendu
e
BUT Elle
a

descend
u
l'escalier.

Nous
sommes
rentr
és
BUT Nous
avons
rentr
é
les poubelles.
Il
a
rentr
é
les voitures.

Il
les

a
rentr
ées.
The meaning also change
for some verbs

came home

put away
L'imparfait
Use to talk about ongoing or habitual actions in the past
Paul
jouait
au foot tous les jours.
He played soccer everyday
He used to play soccer everyday
He was playing soccer everyday.
How to form it?
Drop the
-ons
of the present tense
nous
form and add the endings:
ais ions
Je parl
ais
Nous parl
ions
ais iez
Tu parl
ais
Vous parl
iez
ait aient
Il parl
ait
Ils parl
aient
être is
irregular
: ét-
Verbs ending in...
CER
add a
ç
before endings starting with
A
Je commen
ç
ais / Nous commen
c
ions

GER
add an
e
before endings starting with
A
Je voyag
e
ais / Vous voya
g
iez

IER
verbs take two
i
's
Nous cr
ii
ons / Vous pr
ii
ez
THE DIFFERENCES:
When to use the
IMPARFAIT
-Background description: scene/settings
-habitual past actions or events (how things used to be/or what used to happen) unspecified duration.
-ongoing past actions or events: action in progress
-emotional state or physical condition in the past (how things were like/ how someone felt)
-interrupted action in progress (what was already going on)
-what someone was going to do
-use it with venir de + infinitive
use with "si": -When invite someone to do something
-suggesting a course of action
-expressing a wish/regret
When to use the
PASSE COMPOSE
-completed action in the past (finished)
-sudden change in emotional state/physical condition
-sequence of events/actions: one after the other
-action done as a consequence of something
-action interrupting something in progress (what happened next, what changed)
-precise moment/specific duration or number of times
-what one went to do
Pages 156/157/159/160/161
Full transcript