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AAC Timeline

History of Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Sarah Osmond

on 3 June 2010

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Transcript of AAC Timeline

1960's AAC Timeline 1950's 1970's Manual sign language accepted as
a legitamate means of communication Individulals who need services which leads to the
development of the AAC feild 1952: Goldstein and Cameron
publish information about the
use of communication boards Clinical and educational
roots formed for AAC but
little research done Emergence of AAC: Late 1950's to early 1960's Decade of social and political change
leads to the development of ASL and AAC Civil Rights Movement:
Deaf community in pursuit
of ASL which helped raise
public awareness 1963: Patient Operated Selector
Mechanisim (POSSUM) Patients with severe physical
and communication impairments 1964: Development of scanning
Teletypewriter (Comhandi)-
system for the handicapped 1967: Patient Initiated Lightspot
Operated Typewriter (PILOT) 1969: Morse code through
voiced or sip-and-puff in the
VOTEM system Late 1960's to early 1970's: Development of Interface Systems 1971: Tuff's University- Tufts Interactive Communicator
University of Wisconson-Automonitoring Communication Board 1973: Rehabilation Act of 1973- Prohibited discrimination
against Individuals with disabilities
-(LOT) Lightspot Operated Typewriter
-Early systems gave way to transistonzed systems
-"The Talking Broach" the first wearable communication aid 1974: Aids for the severely
handicapped by Keith Copeland Development of manual
sign systems utilized in the
feild of AAC 1975: Education for all Children Handicapped
Children Act. Free and appropriate education
for all children in need. 1978: Federal Screw Works and
Phonic Ear- mass matketed communication aid with speech
synthesis 1980's Period of growth and development Countries begin implimenting
programs to fund the provision
and development of AAC 1981: ASHA issued a formal position paper on AAC 1980 and 1982: Toronto International
Conferences on Nonspeech Communication which later leads to ISSAC ISSAC: dominant force in AAC with
membership of 2500 in over 47 countries 1985: ISSAC publishes research reports, case studies related to the feild of AAC 1986: American Association on Mental
Retardation promotes research in technology
with application to individuals with cognitive
impairements 1989: Lingraphia Visual Language Prosthesis for communication impairments due to stroke or head injury

Software package called Vois Shapes

Formation of perminant AAC committee and AAC Special Interest Division (SID) 1990's 1992: The Communcation Bill of Rights
Set forth by the National Joint Commission for the Communication
needs of Person's with Disabilities Right to use AAC devices whenever and where
ever they need them and have the opportunity
and information to make choices WOLF (voice output technology) offered
synthetic speech in more languages and dialects Phone booth developed with physical, speech
or hearing disabilities 1993: General Input
Full transcript