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World War II

U.S. History - Basic World War II Concepts

Sam Martin

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of World War II

The U.S. &
World War II What led to U.S. Involvement in WWII? What led to the Allied victory? Explain how the following viewed human nature after fighting was over: 1. Japanese Americans
2. Returning soldiers
3. Female baseball players
4. Holocaust survivors
5. East Germans Pearl Harbor Secret Pressure to Help the Allies Major Battles D-Day Atomic Bomb Japanese Americans Returning Soldiers Female Baseball Players Holocast Survivors East Germans Kamikazes Battle of the Bulge “Suppose that my neighbor’s house catches fire, if he can take my garden hose & connect it up with his hydrant, I may help him put out the fire. Now, what do I do? I don’t say to him, ‘Neighbor, my garden hose cost me $15; you have to pay me $15 for it’ What is the transaction that goes on? I don’t want $15 – I want my garden hose back after the fire is over.”
-FDR, 12/17/1940 Lend-Lease Act Gave FDR the powers to sell, transfer, exchange, lend equipment to any country to help it defend itself against the Axis powers. 12/7/1941 Japanese Suicide Pilots Battle of Midway U.S. Navy defeats Japan in a crucial Pacific battle.
-Eliminate Japanese Naval advantage Allied invasion at Normandy, France to defeat the German Army via the English Channel
-Dwight Eisenhower - Supreme Commander of "Operation Overload" Last major German counteroffensive
-Allied troops are pushed back into Belgium's Ardenne's Forest
-Allies survive 2 weeks of intense fighting in brutal winter to defeat Germans Iwo Jima Defeated Japan on Japanese soil to control the Pacifc Hiroshima Nagasaki "Little Boy" "Fat Man" August 6, 1945 August 9 Acute effects = killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki Our whole program of aid for the democracies has been based on hardheaded concern for our own security and for the kind of safe civilized world in which we wish to live. Every dollar of material we send helps to keep the dictators away from our own hemisphere. Every day that they are held off gives us time to build more guns and tanks and planes and ships.
- President Roosevelt, May, 1941 Harry S. Truman Manhattan Project Top Secret attempt to build an atomic bomb Criteria
• The enemy must remain ignorant of the proposed landing site
• The enemy must be prevented from bringing up reinforcements quickly once the allies landed
• Complete Allied air and naval superiority in the English Channel
• Local defenses must largely be destroyed by air and sea bombardment "Boys, if you ever pray, pray for me now. I don't know if you fellas ever had a load of hay fall on you, but when they told me what happened yesterday, I felt like the moon, the stars, and all the planets had fallen on me." War on the Homefront Women (characterized as "Rosie the Riveter") took many jobs in heavy industry, such as shipbuilding and aircraft production War Bonds were sold War Production Board halted non-essential building to conserve materials for war purposes.
-Rationing goods to consumers reached major levels as goods became scarce--gasoline, butter, rubber, shoes, sugar, and meat were rationed. There is an ancient saying in the law that "In time of war the laws are silent." 2/19/1942- President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066 - authorized the military to exclude any person from any area of the country where national security was considered threatened
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