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Mesopatamia

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by

Angelicia Gonzales

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Mesopatamia

City-States
The first cities were like small,
independent
countries. The cities each had their own rulers and own land for farming.
Stable Food Supply
Two improvements in stable food
1. Irrigation
2. Plow – made of wood & pull by oxen.
Ancient Sumer
The first cities
Irrigation
Levees- An embankment or walls raised to prevent a river from overflowing.
They also used canals and paths.

Tigris and Euphrates was unreliable and often flooded or resulted in droughts.
"The Land Between Two Rivers"
Mesopotamia was the dawn of civilization. It was between the
Tigris
and
Euphrates
rivers.
Technology
The most important inventions were the wheel and the use of
arches
in their architecture.
City-States
Social Structure
Kings
Priests
Land owners
Government
officials
Merchants & Crafts people
Farmers & Fisherman
Slaves
Status is the level of importance a
person has in society.
The wheel lead to developments like the
Chariot
which were wheeled vehicles pulled by horses.
Government
Sumerian kings ruled over city-states. The kings enforced laws and collected taxes. They also were in charge of building temples and irrigation systems.
One of the most important jobs of the king was to lead their armies.
Hammurabi's Code
Hamarabi's code was the first written laws.

The Mesopotamians believed that the laws came from the gods and many of the punishments were brutal and many ended in death.
Writing
The Sumerians created the first written language called
cuneiform
.
They has over 2,000
symbols.
Developed this writing from earlier
forms of writing called
pictographs
Gilgamesh
The first story written, and was about a king in search of immortality. That takes you on a quest with him until his downfall.

Arts
They were advancing in creative expression through painting, architecture and music.
Music

Musicians played
instruments at temple
ceremonies such as
the lyre and drums.
They also sang.

Religion
They were polytheistic.
In Sumer, religious beliefs influenced their entire lives.
They tried pleasing their Gods in everything they did.
They had many ceremonies dedicated to their Gods as well as sacrifices for them.
Many monuments and statues were in honor of their Gods. Such as the
ziggurats
.
Full transcript