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Transcript of Mesopatamia
The first cities were like small,
countries. The cities each had their own rulers and own land for farming.
Stable Food Supply
Two improvements in stable food
2. Plow – made of wood & pull by oxen.
The first cities
Levees- An embankment or walls raised to prevent a river from overflowing.
They also used canals and paths.
Tigris and Euphrates was unreliable and often flooded or resulted in droughts.
"The Land Between Two Rivers"
Mesopotamia was the dawn of civilization. It was between the
The most important inventions were the wheel and the use of
in their architecture.
Merchants & Crafts people
Farmers & Fisherman
Status is the level of importance a
person has in society.
The wheel lead to developments like the
which were wheeled vehicles pulled by horses.
Sumerian kings ruled over city-states. The kings enforced laws and collected taxes. They also were in charge of building temples and irrigation systems.
One of the most important jobs of the king was to lead their armies.
Hamarabi's code was the first written laws.
The Mesopotamians believed that the laws came from the gods and many of the punishments were brutal and many ended in death.
The Sumerians created the first written language called
They has over 2,000
Developed this writing from earlier
forms of writing called
The first story written, and was about a king in search of immortality. That takes you on a quest with him until his downfall.
They were advancing in creative expression through painting, architecture and music.
instruments at temple
ceremonies such as
the lyre and drums.
They also sang.
They were polytheistic.
In Sumer, religious beliefs influenced their entire lives.
They tried pleasing their Gods in everything they did.
They had many ceremonies dedicated to their Gods as well as sacrifices for them.
Many monuments and statues were in honor of their Gods. Such as the