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PASYON and REVOLUTION
Transcript of PASYON and REVOLUTION
The PHL creatively evolved its own brand of folk Christianity from which was drawn much of the language of anticolonialism in the late 19th century. Understanding the
Philippine Society "go beyond the subject of the masses and their participation in the revolution."
It is the elite, particularly the middle class, that puts its imprint on everything - from culture to national development.
The Philippine society as patron-client oriented.
The current shape of our society is triangular, with a wealthy and educated fraction of the population at the apex. CONCLUSION The pasyon was a reaction of the Filipinos to Spanish colonialism which resulted in a revolution. It grew within the context of the fanatic religiosity of the masses. The pasyon became an impetus for local uprisings and an expedient for change as exemplified by such groups as the Katipunan, Cofradia de San Jose, Colorum Society, Macario Sakay’s Katipunan, Santa Iglesia and other local movements.
Instead of glorifying the Ilustrados, Ileto succeeded on his goal to show the revolution on the perspectives of the peasants.
Ileto also succeeded on giving importance to the role of the peasants in the Philippine revolution under the Spanish and American regimes.
"Without the masses’ experiences of the pasyon, the revolution against Spain would have taken a much different form.” PASYON AND REVOLUTION: Popular Movements in the Philippines, 1840-1910 Professor Reynaldo C. Ileto is a leading scholar of the Philippine revolution, Southeast Asia's first anti-colonial and pro-independence conflict. He has developed an interdisciplinary field of research that incorporates history with literature, religion, and cultural studies. "...to rectify the tendency of the historians before him to regard the revolution as the handiwork of the upper class, Hispanized natives.” GREAT
TRADITION "...the peasant-based, religious oriented challenges to the republic were anti-nationalist, irrational and doomed to fail" "Rational" and Realistic" goals "genuine vehicles for the expression of the people's dream of national liberation and economic amelioration." Two Contradictory functions of Pasyon in the Society They were used by the Spanish Colonizers to inculcate among the Indios loyalty to Spain and Church
It provided lowland Philippine society with with a language for articulating its own values, ideals, and even hopes of liberation. Casaysayan ng Pasion Mahal ni Jesucristong Panginoon Natin Incoherence, faulty scholarship, repetitiveness, and clumsy, inaccurate use of language.
The social epic of the 19th century
The inclusion of episodes relating to the Creation of the World, the Fall of Man, and the Last Judgment makes the Pasyon Pilapil an image of universal history, the beginning and end of tim, rather than a simple gospel story. Power and Anting-Anting These amulets or special powers played a significant role in the thinking and motivation of peasant rebels, bandits, soldiers and even generals of the revolutionary army. Katipunan Manifestos deals with the formation of the Katipunan and how it was very well connected to the people's belief in the "Pasyon" and "liwang ng loob." The author tried to show that different manifestos by Katipunan, printed in Kalayaan, were actually inspired by the Pasyon. Initiation Rites Earlier authors pointed out that the initiation rites of Katipunan was borrowed from the Mason rites but analyzing the words and phrases used by the Katipuneros, Ileto revealed its connection to the events in the Pasyon. Return of King Bernardo Carpio The Bernardo Carpio story appears to have been appropriated by the peasants as a one way of imaging their hopes for a better life, free from oppression and foreign rule.
Bernardo Carpio is considered the savior of the Filipinos against national oppression and enslavement Lakaran of the Sons In this part of the book, Ileto examined a poem credited to Andres Bonifacio's brother, Procopio.
"The poem can be understood only if the revolution itself is viewed not merely as the overthrowing of a foreign power but as a transition between two world" and separation of a child (the Philippines) from its mother (Spain) just like the separation of Mary and her son Jesus as depicted in the Pasyon.
The poem also depicts that the Filipinos are upon to embark upon the struggle, which is imaged as every man's lakaran. The struggle was seen as similar to Jesus' emotional and painful separation from his mother. True Justice